REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Avodah Zarah 2
AVODAH ZARAH 2 - Marcia and Lee Weinblatt have dedicated this Daf towards
the full recovery of Mrs. Gerti (Gitl bas Golda) Kornfeld, and in honor of
the recent births of their grandchildren: Gabriela Esther (to Jodi & Jacob
Mugrabi), Esther Rifka (to Tal & Aylon Brandwein), Mordechai (to Aliza &
Kenny Weinblatt) and Meir Yaakov (to Roni & Yehuda Blinder). MAZEL TOV!
Please note that unless otherwise indicated, we follow the explanation of
Rashi. Consequently, our notes and comments do not necessarily have any
bearing on the practical Halachah.
***** 'Lifnei Eideihen' *****
(a) For how long before a gentile festival may one not do business with a
(b) She'eilah and Halva'ah (both to a gentile and from him) are forbidden
What is the difference between She'eilah and Halva'ah?
(c) What else did Chazal include in the prohibition?
(a) Why did Chazal forbid all these things?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah permits claiming one's debts from them, because having to
pay a debt causes distress rather than joy.
How do the Rabbanan counter
(a) Rav and Shmuel argue whether the word 'Eideihen should be spelt with an
'Alef' or with an 'Ayin'.
What do we prove from the Pasuk ...
(b) How do we explain the latter Pasuk if, as we currently believe, it
refers to Nochrim?
- ... in Ha'azinu "Ki Karov Yom Eidam"?
- ... in Yeshayah "Yitnu Eideihen Ve'yitzdaku"?
(c) The one who learns from "Ki Karov Yom Eidam" maintains that the Tana
prefers to refer to their downfall.
What is the reasoning of the one who
learns from "Yitnu Eideihen ve'Yitzdaku"?
(d) We have a problem with our second source Pasuk, based on a statement by
How does he interpret ...
(e) What does Rav Huna b'rei de'Rav Yehoshua finally learn from the Pasuk in
Yeshayah "Yotzri Pesel Kulam Tohu va'Chamudeihem bal Yo'ilu, ve'Eideihem
- ... "Yitnu Eideihen Ve'yitzdaku"?
- ... "Yishme'u Ve'yomru Emes"?
(a) Rebbi Chanina bar Papa (or Rebbi Simla'i) Darshened that in the World to
Come, Hashem will take a Sefer-Torah and carry it in His bosom.
Answers to questions
He then announce?
(b) What will He say when all the nations will arrive simultaneously to
collect their reward?
(c) How do we learn this from the Pasuk in Yeshayah (in connection with the
current episode) "Va'ya'asfu Le'umim"?
(a) The fact that the nations mix when being judged will not trouble Hashem.
How do we know that? What precedent do we have for this?
(b) Then why will He find it necessary to prevent them from mixing?
(c) Rebbi Yochanan states that Rome will be the first nation to enter the
On what basis?
(a) We know that when it comes to being judged, the most important is the
first to enter, from a statement by Rav Chisda.
What did Rav Chisda learn
from the Pasuk in Melachim "La'asos Mishpat Avdo u'Mishpat Amo Yisrael ...
(b) The reason for this might be because it is not Derech Eretz to leave a
king waiting outside.
What is the alternative reason?
(c) When Hashem will ask the Romans what role they played in Torah-study,
what will they reply? What do market-places, bath-houses and abundance of
silver and gold have to do with Torah-study?
(a) What will Hashem reply? What were the true motives behind the
market-places and the bathhouses?
(b) How about the silver and gold?
(c) What does Hashem mean when he concludes 'K'lum Yesh Bachem Magid Zos'?
What does 'Zos' refer to?
(d) Hashem will initially address them as fools.
How will they react to
(a) Next in line will be the Persians.
Why is that?
(b) In Nevuchadnetzar's dream, the Persians were compared to a bear for four
reasons. To begin with, they ate and drank like a bear and were fat like a
What are the other two?
(c) They will claim that they built many bridges, captured many cities, and
fought many wars on behalf of Yisrael.
What will be Hashem's response to
(d) How can the Romans and the Persians make such preposterous claims,
bearing in mind that we are speaking about Olam ha'Ba, which is a world of
- ... the first two claims?
- ... the third claim?
(a) The judgment of the Persians will end the same way as that of the
What led them to believe that they would succeed where the Romans
(b) Will the above two nations be the only ones to take up Hashem's
(c) Why will the subsequent nations hope to fare better than the Romans and
(d) What makes these two nations more important than the Babylonians and the
Greeks (see Tosfos DH 'Mai Sh'na'), who also subjugated Yisrael?
(e) What is the connection between Persia and Galus Bavel?
(a) To whom is the Pasuk referring when it writes "Va'yomar, Hashem mi'Sinai
Ba ve'Zarach mi'Se'ir Lamo"?
(b) What was Hashem doing there?
(c) In light of this statement of Rebbi Yochanan, how do we initially amend
the statement of the nations 'K'lum Nasata Lanu ve'Lo Kibalnuhah?'?
(d) Seeing as that is also no credit to them, how do we finally amend the
statement? What is their Ta'anah against Hashem?
(a) What does Rav Dimi bar Chama learn from the Pasuk "Va'yisyatzvu
(b) What will Hashem answer the nations (based on the Pasuk in Yeshayah
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Chavakuk "Amad Va'yemoded Eretz,
Ra'ah Viter Goyim"? What did Hashem see, and what do we initially think that
(d) What problem do we have with this explanation?
(a) What does Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos
"Asher Ya'aseh Osam *ha'Adam* va'Chai Bahem"? What ought the Pasuk to have
Answers to questions
(b) How does this clash with Mar b'rei de'Ravina's latest version of
Hashem's reactions to the gentiles' having relinquished their seven Mitzvos?
What did he say?
(c) We finally settle the issue by citing Rebbi Chanina.
What did Rebbi
Chanina say about someone who performs Mitzvos when he is commanded?
(d) How does this solve our problem? What did Hashem do with the nations of