REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 18
(a) We learned in the Mishnah in Sanhedrin that someone who denies that
Torah is min ha'Shamayim or that Techi'as ha'Meisim is mentioned in the
Torah, receives no portion in Olam ha'Ba.
What does Aba Shaul add to that
(b) We reconcile Rebbi Chanina ben T'radyon (who did in fact do that) with
the Mishnah, by citing a Beraisa.
What does the Tana learn from the Pasuk
in Shoftim (in connection with the various practices of the Nochrim) "Lo
Silmad La'asos ... "?
(c) In that case, why was Rebbi Chanina punished?
(d) According to the alternative explanation, to which area of Halachah will
we then apply the Heter of "Lo Silmad La'asos ... "?
(a) How did Resh Lakish explain the Pasuk in Tehilim "Avon Akeivai
(b) With regard to the current episode, who said the Pasuk in Ha'azinu ...
(c) And who said the Pasuk in Yirmiyahu "Gadol ha'Eitzah ve'Rav ha'Aliliyah
Asher Einecha Pekuchos al Kol Darkei Ish"?
- ... "ha'Tzur Tamim Pa'alo ki Chol Derachav Mishpat"?
- ... "Keil Emunah ve'Ein Avel"?
(d) What did Rav comment in connection with these quotations?
(a) When Rebbi Yossi ben Kisma was sick, Rebbi Chanina ben T'radyon went to
What did the former have to say ...
(b) When Rebbi Chanina's asked him whether he would go to Olam ha'Ba, what
did he reply?
- ... about the latter's public Torah teaching?
- ... when the latter replied that Hashem would have mercy on them? What did he foresee?
(c) What did Rebbi Chanina then relate to Rebbi Yossi ben Kisma that
prompted him to reply 'me'Chelkecha Yehei Chelki ... !'
(a) When Rebbi Yossi ben Kisma died, who attended his Levayah and even
(b) What did they find Rebbi Chanina ben T'radyon doing upon their return?
(c) What did they do with him?
(d) What did they do ensure that he died a slow, painful death?
(a) What did Rebbi Chanina reply when ...
(b) What did the executioner ask him ...
- ... his daughter expressed pain in seeing him that way?
- ... his Talmidim asked him what he saw?
- ... they advised him to open his mouth and let in the fumes, so that he would die more quickly?
(c) Rebbi Chanina ben T'radyon died soon afterwards.
- ... initially? What deal did he strike with him?
- ... after he had already replied in the affirmative?
What did the
executioner do at the time of Rebbi Chanina's death?
(d) What did Rebbi declare after the bas-Kol announced that both Rebbi
Chanina and the executioner were ready to go to Olam ha'Ba immediately?
(a) Why was Rebbi Meir's wife B'ruryah, concerned about the shameful
situation of Rebbi Chanina's daughter?
(b) What did she do about it?
(c) Rebbi Meir payed his sister-in-law a visit in the brothel, incognito.
How did she react when he ...
(d) What conclusion did he draw from that episode?
- ... accosted her?
- ... told her that he was willing to wait for her?
(e) What was Rebbi Meir's motive for doing this? What was he trying to
(a) He then approached the guard.
Answers to questions
What did Rebbi Meir reply when,
initially, the latter refused to allow Rebbi Chanina's daughter to go with
him? What was the purpose of the three Kav of golden Dinrim that he took
(b) What did he advise him to say when the money ran out?
(c) The guard was naturally sceptical about that.
How did Rebbi Meir prove
to him that those words were really effective?
(d) What happened subsequently, that necessitated the guard to make use of
Rebbi Meir's strategy? What happened there?
(a) When the guard divulged all that had transpired, the authorities put up
a wanted notice at the gate of Rome.
What form did the wanted notice take?
(b) When one day, he was spotted, and the chase was on, where did he run, in
order to put off his pursuers?
(c) Alternatively, he began to eat Bishul Akum.
What did he really do?
(d) According to others, he met Eliyahu. How would that have convinced his
pursuers that he was not Rebbi Meir?
(e) According to some, it was a result of this episode that Rebbi Meir fled
What do others say?
(a) The Beraisa talks about someone who goes to watch the Itztadin (the
bull-fights described in our Mishnah) or Karkom.
What is 'Karkom?
(b) What does the Tana say about watching ...
(c) Which Pasuk in Tehilim serves as the source for the prohibition of
watching these entertainments?
- ...the Nachshim and Chaverim (entertainers who perform there different forms of witchcraft concerning animals)?
- ... Bukyon, Mukyon, Mulyon and Lulyon ... ?
What do all of these have in common?
(d) Another Beraisa permits attending both Itztadin and Karkom.
circumstances does the Tana allow attending ...
- ... 'Itztadin'?
- ... 'Karkom'?
(a) We reconcile the two Beraisos regarding Karkom, by establishing the
former Beraisa when one is 'Mis'chashev Imahen'.
What does this mean?
(b) Whereas the discrepancy regarding Itztadin we resolve by establishing
the second Beraisa like Rebbi Nasan.
Which reasons does Rebbi Nasan give in
permitting attending a session of bull-fighting (besides the one mentioned
earlier [of saving Jewish captives from fighting the bulls])?
(a) In another Beraisa, Rebbi Meir forbids attending 'theaters and circuses'
because these occasions were used to arrange the needs of Avodah-Zarah and
collect donations on its behalf (see also Tosfos DH 'she'Mezavlin Sham').
What do the Chachamim say?
(b) Seeing as both opinions forbid it anyway, how does Rebbi Chanina from
Sura explain the ramifications of the Machlokes?
(c) What problem do we have with the Pasuk "Ashrei ha'Ish Asher Lo Halach
ba'Atzas Resha'im, u've'Derech Chata'im Lo Halach, u've'Moshav Leitzim Lo
(d) How does Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi resolve the problem?
(e) What does the Pasuk in Mishlei mean when it says "Im Chakamta Chakamta
Lecha, ve'Latzta Levadcha Tisa" (see Agados Maharsha)?
(a) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Atah Al
Tislotzetzu Pen Yechezku Moserchem"?
(b) What did Rava beg of his Talmidim?
(c) According to Rav Ketina, Letzim are destined to go short of food.
does Resh Lakish explain the Pasuk in Mishlei "Zeid Yahir Letz Sh'mo, Oseh
be'Evras Zadon"? Which location is described as "Evras''?
(d) Rebbi Oshaya explains the Pasuk in the same way, but in connection with
the "Zeid Yahir" mentioned there.
Who is a "Zeid Yahir"?
(a) In the opinion of Rebbi Chanila'i bar Chanila'i (or bar Tanchum), the
repercussions of Letzanus are more disastrous still.
Answers to questions
How does Letzanus
affect the world, according to him?
(b) And according to Rebbi Elazar, how does Letzanus begin and how does it
(c) Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi Darshens the above Pasuk in Tehilim "Ashrei ha'Ish
Asher Lo Halach" with reference to the Nochri's 'theaters and circuses' and
"u've'Derech Chata'im Lo Amad", to 'Kenigyon'.
What is 'Kenigyon'?
(d) From where do we know that conforming with these instructions by lying
under one's covers and sleeping one is still deficient?