REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Avodah Zarah 41
AVODAH ZARAH 41 - dedicated by Rabbi Kornfeld's father in memory of his
aunt, Malka Gitel bas Reb Yakov Mordechai (Malvina Marmorstein), who took
him into her home and raised him like her own child after the Holocaust. Her
Yahrzeit is 20 Nisan.
(a) Rebbi Yitzchak bar Yosef Amar Rebbi Yochanan explains the Machlokes by
stating that factually, it was the practice of the Nochri residents of Rebbi
Meir's town to worship even idols that were holding nothing, once a year.
What is then the basis of the Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and the
Chachamim? What is the basic point of their dispute?
(b) What is now the actual Machlokes?
(c) It is not *any* image that they would worship and which Rebbi Meir
therefore forbids, Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel explained.
Then which sort of
image is it?
(d) Where, according to Rabah bar Chanah, are those busts placed?
(a) Initially, Rabah establishes the Machlokes by busts that are set up at
the entrance to villages. What does he say about busts that are set up at
the entrance to towns? Why is that?
(b) On what grounds do we refute Rabah's statement?
(c) So how do we amend it?
(a) What is the significance of ...
(b) What else did they add besides a sword and a crown?
- ... the stick (in the hands of the image)?
- ... the bird?
- ... the ball?
(c) What do these three symbolize?
(d) Why does our Mishnah not insert them in its list?
(a) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel forbids the image as long as it is holding
something in its hand, even a clod of earth or a splinter of wood. We are
unsure however, whether he incorporates a piece of dung.
What are the two
sides of the She'eilah?
(b) What is the outcome of the She'eilah?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who finds ...
How do we now reconcile the Seifa, forbidding the hand or foot of a Tzelem,
with the Reisha, which permits broken pieces of Tzelem?
(b) What is the difference between a Tzelem (an image) and Avodas-Kochavim
- ... broken pieces of image?
- ... the hand or the foot of an idol? Why the difference?
(c) According to Shmuel, the Reisha speaks even about broken pieces of
Then why does the Tana say 'Shivrei Tzelamim'?
(d) What would we have thought had the Tana mentioned 'Avodas-Kochavim' in
Answers to questions
(a) According to Rebbi Yochanan, an Avodah-Zarah that simply broke remains
Why is that?
(b) What does Resh Lakish say? What is the reason behind that?
(c) Rebbi Yochanan queries Resh Lakish from the Pasuk in Shmuel.
the Pasuk there say about the priests of Dagon (of the P'lishtim), after
they found Dagon lying on the threshold of the temple, with his hands and
feet cut off?
(d) How will Resh Lakish explain it?
(a) What does Rebbi Yochanan then ask on Resh Lakish from our Mishnah
'ha'Motze Shivrei Tzelamim Harei Eilu Mutarin' What do we extrapolate from
there that poses a Kashya on Resh Lakish?
(b) How will Resh Lakish apply the implication?
(a) What do we now ask on Rebbi Yochanan, based on the fact that, according
to Rebbi Meir, 'Tzelamim Asurin, Ha Shivrei Tzelamim, Mutarin'? What might
one then expect the Rabbanan to say?
(b) How will Rebbi Yochanan answer that? What is the logical difference
between Shivrei Tzelamim according to Rebbi Meir and Shivrei Avodas-Kochavim
according to Rebbi Yochanan?
(c) Why do we not ask on the Rabbanan from the Rabbanan themselves, who
concede that Shivrei Tzelamim (even if they are wielding a stick) are
permitted (as we explained in the Mishnah)?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about a case where a 'Chaver' died, leaving
behind a store full of crops (even assuming that they were only ready to be
Ma'asered on that day)?
(b) To answer why we do not apply there too, the principle 'Ein Safek (the
assumption that the Chaver Ma'asered it before he died) Motzi mi'Yedei
Vaday' (that the fruit was definitely Tevel when he picked it), we quote
Rebbi Chanina Chuza'ah.
What done Rebbi Chanina Chuza'ah say? Why does he
not consider it a case of 'Safek'?
(c) Alternatively, the Tana is speaking about a case of 'Safek ve'Safek',
like Rebbi Oshaya said.
What concession does Rebbi Oshaya present to
enable a person to feed his animals without having to Ma'aser his crops?
(d) What does Rebbi Oshaya mean when he says 'be'Motz she'Lah'?
(a) Why does Rebbi Oshaya only permit animals to eat from the crops? Does
this mean that the owner is forbidden?
Answers to questions
(b) Then how can the Tana permit the fruit of a Chaver who died, without any