POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Basra 101
BAVA BASRA 101-105 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and
prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) BURIAL CAVES
(a) (Mishnah): If one sold a place for or accepts to build a
burial cave, the interior of the cave must be four Amos
by six Amos;
1. He hollows out eight Kuchin (places for coffins)
from the interior, three on each long side, and two
on the short side opposite the entrance.
(b) R. Shimon says, the cave must be six Amos by eight Amos;
2. Each Kuch is four Amos long, seven Tefachim high,
and six Tefachim wide.
1. He hollows out 13 Kuchin, 4 on each long side, three
on the short side opposite the entrance, and two by
the entrance, one on each side.
(c) He builds a courtyard on top of the cave, six Amos by six
Amos, enough for the coffin and the people carrying it.
(d) He builds two caves in opposite directions (from the
(e) R. Shimon says, he builds four caves, one in each
(f) R. Shimon ben Gamliel says, he builds according to the
hardness of the ground.
(g) (Gemara) Question: According to R. Shimon, how are the
two Kuchin near the entrance positioned?
1. Suggestion: They face out (from the interior).
(h) Answer #1 (R. Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina): They are vertical
2. Objection #1: This is under the courtyard (the
weight of the people carrying the coffin might make
it cave in)!
3. Objection #2 - (Mishnah): One who stands in the
courtyard on top of a burial cave is Tahor, and if
there are corpses buried under the courtyard one who
enters should be Tamei.
(i) Question: But R. Yochanan taught, one buries a donkey
(but not people) by dropping it in a pit!
(j) Answer #2: According to R. Yochanan, they go out from the
corners opposite the entrance (picture 'Aleph' in
1. Question: (We assume that there is one Amah between
Kuchim on each side, and half an Amah free from the
last Kuch until the corner.) There is (the diagonal
of a square whose side is a half Amah, which is)
less than an Amah free in the corner - the Kuch
(whose width is an Amah) overlaps other Kuchim!
(k) Answer #3: We answer like Rav Shisha brei d'Rav Idi
answered elsewhere, he found Nefalim (miscarriages);
2. Answer (Rav Ashi): The corner Kuchim are above or
below the ones on the sides.
3. Support: We must say so according to R. Shimon
regarding the Kuchim nearest the entrance in
adjacent directions, otherwise they overlap (picture
'Beis' in Rashbam) - we can say the same about those
in the corners.
4. Objection (Rav Huna brei d'Rav Yehoshua): No, we can
say that the Kuchim on the sides (do not extend
straight out, rather, they extend on a diagonal
(picture 'Aleph' in Rashbam), therefore they do not
overlap those of the adjacent direction.
5. Rejection: This is wrong! The diagonal of a square
is seven fifths the length of a side; the long side
of the cave is eight Amos, so the line between
corners of adjacent directions is seven fifths of
this, i.e. 11 Amos and a fifth;
i. This is not enough for eight Kuchim (along the
two long sides) and the seven spaces between
them (each is an Amah, and all of these must
cross this line)!
1. Here also, the Kuchin near the entrance are for
Nefalim (they are in the free space on the long
side, and are very small).