REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Basra 168
(a) We learned in our Mishnah that the husband pays for the Get. The source
for this is a Pasuk in Ki Seitzei.
(b) Why is it then, that nowadays, it is the woman who pays the Sofer.
What were Chazal worried about (to institute such a Takanah?
(c) According to some texts (see Rabeinu Gershom), we ask why the man pays
for the receipt and not the woman.
What do we answer?
(d) On what grounds do we nevertheless reject this text?
(a) We also learned that it is the borrower and the purchaser who pay the
Is that not obvious? In which case is the Tana speaking when he
finds it necessary to rule that ...
(b) Similarly, in which case must he be speaking in order to teach us that
both parties must pay the Sofer in the case of ...
- ... the borrower pays the Sofer's fees?
- ... the purchaser pays?
(c) And the same applies to Sh'tarei Birurin, which we initially interpret
as Sh'tarei Ta'anasa.
- ... Sh'tarei Erusin?
- ... Sh'tar Arisus ve'Kablanus?
What are 'Sh'tarei Ta'anasa'?
(d) How does Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba interpret it?
(a) According to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel in our Mishnah, in the case of
Sh'tarei Birurin, each litigant is entitled to his own Sh'tar, whereas the
Rabbanan make do with one. We suggest that they argue over 'Kofin Oso al
What is 'Midas S'dom'?
(b) How will that explain our Machlokes Tana'im?
(c) We reject this suggestion however, concluding that everyone agrees on
principle that 'Kofin Oso al Midas S'dom'.
In that case, what is Raban
Shimon ben Gamliel's reason for requiring two Sh'taros?
(a) Our Mishnah discusses a case where the debtor paid part of his debt and
the Sh'tar was then handed to a third party for safekeeping.
What did the
(b) What did they stand to gain by giving the Sh'tar to a third party? What
alternative did they have?
(a) Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi Yehudah argue over the Halachah should the
specified time arrive and the debtor has not paid. Rebbi Yossi says 'Yiten',
because he holds 'Asmachta Kanya'.
What does 'Asmachta' mean?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah hold?
(c) Rav Nachman ... Amar Rav rules like Rebbi Yossi.
On what grounds does
Rebbi Ami rule like that too?
(d) How do we in fact, rule?
(a) What does our Mishnah require a creditor to do if his Sh'tar became
erased through an O'nes?
Answers to questions
(b) Which date do they write on the Sh'tar?
(c) What is the final item on the new Sh'tar?
(d) In which case, will the creditor be permitted to claim with this Sh'tar
without having to bring any further proof?
(a) The Beraisa continues 'Nikra Pasul, Niskara Kasher'.
What is the
difference between the two terms?
(b) What does the Tana say about a Sh'tar that is erased or smudged?
(c) Rav Yehudah confines 'Nikra' to a tear of Beis-Din, which Rav Yehudah
defines as the part of the Sh'tar that contains the witnesses signatures,
the date and the Toref.
What does Abaye say?
(a) Some Arabs entered Pumbedisa and proceeded to help themselves to
people's lands, forcing the landowners to hand over their deeds of sale
together with the field. How did the latter expect Abaye to help them?
(b) In reply, Abaye quoted Rav Safra.
What did Rav Safra say about writing
two documents of sale on one piece of land? What was he concerned about?
(a) When the landowners persisted, what ruse did Abaye employ to get rid of
them? What did he instruct his Sofer to do?
(b) Rav Acha bar Minyumi queried Abaye from the Beraisa that we just quoted
'Nimchak O Nitashtesh, Im Rishumo Nikar, Kasher'?
What did Rav Acha think
(c) What was Abaye's reply?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about someone who claims that he lost his
Sh'tar, and witnesses attest to having written it, signed it and given it to
(b) Under which circumstances would it be permitted?
(c) What is the reason for this stringency?
(d) Why will the above stringency not apply in the case of a *purchaser* who
claims that he lost his Sh'tar?
(a) What would we not include in a Sh'tar Mekach which the purchaser claims
to have lost and which is being re-written?
Answers to questions
(b) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel disagrees.
On what basis does he extend the
stringency of Sh'tarei-Chov to Sh'tarei Mekach u'Memkar What is the
underlying principle behind it?
(c) What do the Chachamim hold?