POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Rabbi Ephraim Becker
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous dafBeitzah 21
BEITZAH 21 & 22 - have been dedicated in honor of the Yahrzeit of the
Lubavitcher Rebbe, NBG'M (3 Tamuz), by one of his Chasidim.
1) SLAUGHTERING AN ANIMAL OWNED BY PARTNERS
(a) Question (R. Avia): May an animal owned by a Jewish and
non-Jewish partner be slaughtered on YomTov?
2) BAKING A DOUGH OF PARTNERS ON YOMTOV
(b) Answer (R. Huna): It is permitted.
(c) Question (R. Avia): Why then are Nedarim and Nedavos
prohibited owing to the part which goes LaShem!?
1. Answer (R. Huna): A raven flew overhead (he
deflected the question).
(d) Answer: The part owned by the non-Jew must also be
slaughtered in order for the Jew to eat meat; while the
meat of Nedarim/Nedavos is all from Shulchan Gavohah.
2. Question (Rabah, R. Huna's son): Given the esteem
in which you hold R. Avia, why did you send him
away in this way?
3. Answer (R. Huna): I could not have done otherwise
given my weakened state and the intricate nature
of the question.
4. Question: What, indeed, is the distinction between
an animal owned by partners and Nedarim/Nedavos?
(a) (R. Chisda) While an animal owned by a Jewish and non-
Jewish partner may be slaughtered as above, such a
dough would not be permitted, since it can be divided.
(b) Question (R. Chana b. Chanilai): But the Mishnah
teaches that an Isas Kelavim (when consumed, in part by
the shepherd) may be baked on YomTov, even though it
may be divided (between the shepherd and the dogs).
(c) Answer: Isas Kelavim may be eaten in its entirety given
(Ho'il) that Neveilah can be offered to the dogs.
(d) Question: But R. Chisda rules that one who bakes on
YomTov for Chol incurs Malkos, since he does not hold
(e) Answer: The dough is only viewed as being accessible by
the shepherd if he actually has meat to substitute for
(f) Question: May we bake dough which Jews are obligated to
prepare for the King's troops?
(g) Answer (R. Huna): If the troops will allow a portion to
be given to a Jewish child, then all the breads may be
baked on YomTov.
(h) Question: But the Beraisa teaches (through the incident
of Shimon HaTeimani and R. Yehudah b. Bava) that one
violates Lachem if he slaughters meat for non-Jews,
even though it could be given to the Jews' dogs!?
(i) Answer: It is a Machlokes Tanaim as to whether Lachem
precludes preparing for dogs (R. Yosi HaGelili) or non-
Jews (R. Akiva).
3) THE REMAINING DROPS IN THE CUP OF A NON-JEW
1. Question: On what basis does R. Akiva include dogs
in Lachem but exclude non-Jews?
(j) Question (Abaye): How, according to R. Yosi HaGelili,
are we permitted to feed date-seeds to the animals
(they should be Muktzeh)?
2. Answer: Dogs are Lachem since they depend on their
owner for food (unlike non-Jews).
(k) Answer (R. Yosef): They are not Muktzeh since they
could be used as kindling.
(l) Question: But what if they are moist?
(m) Answer: They could still be used in a large fire.
(n) Question: What about on Shabbos?
(o) Answer: They may be moved via a loaf of bread (as
Shmuel taught that one may use bread for such
(a) R. Huna (above, 2.g.) is arguing with R. Yehoshua b.
Levi who forbade having a non-Jew partake of our YomTov
meal lest the Jew prepare additional food for him.
4) MISHNAH: COOKING FOR NON-FOOD PURPOSES
(b) (R. Acha b. Yakov) It is not permitted on Shabbos,
either, because the residual wine in the cup is (Ma'us
and thus) Muktzeh.
(c) Question: Then the same should be true of our cups!?
(d) Answer: The drops in our cups are fit for the fowl.
(e) Question: The same should be true of the non-Jews' cup?
(f) Answer: Their wine is Asur b'Hana'ah.
(g) Question: But the drops should be movable via the cup
(as Rava taught regarding the shovel of coals)?
(h) Answer: The pieces of wood in Rava's case are not asur
(i) Question (R. Acha m'Difti): The drops should not be
worse than a Geref Shel Re'i (which may be removed)!?
(j) Answer (Ravina): But surely we would not make such a
Geref on purpose (as would occur by inviting the non-
Jew to partake of our meal).
(k) (Rava) We may invite a non-Jew on Shabbos but not on
YomTov lest we cook additional food for him.
(l) Mereimar and Mar Zutra would inform the non-Jewish
guests who happened upon their homes that they are
welcome to the meal "as is" but that no special
preparation would be made for them.
(a) (Beis Shamai) The water being warmed for washing one's
feet must be fit for drinking.
5) THE PERMISSION OF MAKING A FIRE FOR WARMING ONESELF
(b) (Beis Hillel) Even non-potable water may be heated.
(c) One is permitted to make a fire and to warm himself
(a) Question: Is the permitted fire the opinion of both
Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel or is it taught as the
opinion of Beis Hillel alone (and Beis Shamai would
6) MISHNAH: THE PRACTICES OF R. GAMLIEL
(b) Answer: The Beraisa teaches that Beis Shamai forbids.
(a) R. Gamliel ruled stringently in accordance with three
opinions of Beis Shamai:
1. One may not be Matmin on YomTov for the upcoming
(b) (R. Gamliel) Our family would only make the thin
batter, and not a thick dough.
2. One may not straighten a fallen Menorah on YomTov.
3. One may not prepare a thick dough (only a thin
(c) (Chachamim) Your family ruled stringently for
themselves and yet were lenient (permitting the thick
dough) for others.