Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
(a) What does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba in the name of Rebbi Yochanan, quoting the Pasuk in Tehilim "Erchatz be'Nikoyon Kapai, va'Asovevah es Mizbachecha, Hashem, consider someone who washes his hands, puts on Tefilin, recites the Shema and says the Amidah, as having achieved?2)
(a) To what extent is one obligated to search for water for washing one's hands before reciting the Shema?3) Someone who reads the Shema, and says the words, but so quietly that he does not hear what he is saying, is Yotze, according to the Tana Kama.
(a) What does Rebbi Yossi say in this regard, and what is his source?4) The Mishnah in Terumos writes that a Cheresh who is deaf but cannot speak, should not separate Terumah, but that, if he does, his Terumah is nevertheless valid.
(a) Why should he not separate Terumah?5) According to Rebbi Yossi, someone who does not hear himself reading the Shema is not even Yotze Bedieved. The Beraisa, quoted by Rav Yehudah Berei de'Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi, permits someone who is deaf but not dumb, to separate Terumah even Lechatchilah?
(a) What is the Machlokes between Rebbi Yehudah quoting Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah and Rebbi Meir, whether one needs to hear oneself reciting the Shema (Lechatchilah) or not?
The Mishnah in Megilah writes that according to the Tana Kama, everyone is
Kasher to read the Megilah except for a Cheresh, Shotah ve'Katan. Rebbi
Yehudah permits a Katan to read the Megilah.
(a) How does the Gemara attempt to resolve this by saying 'Cheresh, Dumya de'Shoteh ve'Katan'?The Gemara concludes that it is possible to say 'Ha ke'de'Iysa, ve'Ha ke'de'Iysa', and that the Tana Kama could well be Rebbi Yehudah.
(b) But how can the author of the Reisha be Rebbi Yehudah, when Rebbi Yehudah specifically argues with the Tana Kama in the Seifa?7) 'Lo Yevarech Adam Birchas ha'Mazon be'Libo, ve'Im Beirach, Yatza'.
(a) Who is the possible author of this Beraisa?Rav Chisda quoting Rav Shilo rules like Rebbi Yehudah, and he also rules like Rebbi Yehudah in the name of Rebbi Elazar ben Azarya.
(b) Why are both rulings necessary?8) Rav Yosef says that the above Machlokes is confined to Keri'as Shema, but as far as other Berachos is concerned, everyone agrees that one is not Yotze, because the Torah writes (in Devarim) "Haskeis u'Shema Yisrael".
(a) Why is Rav Yosef's statement unacceptable?9) Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi Yehudah dispute two issues in our Mishnah: 1. Whether one is Yotze if one did not hear oneself reciting the Shema; 2. Whether one is Yotze if one did not read the words carefully.
(a) What is the Halachah in each of the two cases?10)
(a) What do we learn from the word "u'Chesavtam" with regard to Tefilin and Mezuzos?11)
(a) In the same vein as in the previous question, what do we learn from "ve'Limad*tem*" (with regard to the recital of the Shema)?