REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Kama 61
(a) What does our Mishnah say about a fire that crossed a stone-wall, a
street or a river?
(b) How tall must the wall be to exempt the owner of the fire from
(c) The street must be sixteen Amos wide.
From where do we know this?
(d) How do we reconcile our Mishnah with the Beraisa, which holds the Mazik
liable if his fire crossed a wall that is four Amos tall? What is the basis
of their Machlokes?
(a) When our Mishnah says that a wall of four Amos exempts the owner of the
fire from paying, will it make any difference if the field is full of
(b) From where would one then measure the four Amos?
(c) Rav restricts our Mishnah to a fire that is 'Kolachas', but in the case
of a 'Nichfefes', even a wall of a hundred Amos will not suffice. Assuming
'Kolachas' to be a regular fire, what is 'Nichfefes', if the hundred Amos
mentioned by Rav is in contrast to ...
(d) Shmuel is far more lenient than Rav.
- ... the four Amah high wall in our Mishnah?
- ... the sixteen Amah road?
What does he say?
(a) On what grounds are we be bound to rule like Rav in the previous
(b) What measurement does the Tana of the Beraisa give instead of the
hundred Amos of Rav?
(c) What width does the Tana there require for a river or a Shelulis?
(a) According to Rav, the river in our Mishnah is literal.
What is it
according to Shmuel?
(b) What are the ramifications of their Machlokes?
(c) What does the Mishnah in Pe'ah mean when it says 've'Eilu Mafsikin
(d) Which two other things, besides a Nachal and a Shelulis will divide a
field into two?
(a) What is a Nachal?
Answers to questions
(b) What is the definition of a 'Derech ha'Yachid'?
(c) Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel translates Shelulis as a place where the
What does Rav Bibi Amar Rebbi Yochanan say?
(d) On what grounds does Rebbi Yochanan disagree with Shmuel?
(a) Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah exempts someone who lights a fire in his own
domain, as long as it is surrounded by half a Beis Kur (almost eight hundred
and seventy Amos in all directions.
Is he talking about a fire that is
'Kolachas' or Nichfefes'?
(b) According to Rebbi Eliezer, if the fire traversed sixteen Amos (see
Tosfos Yom-tov), like the width of a Reshus ha'Rabim, he is Patur.
distance does Rebbi Akiva require the fire to travel, in order to exempt the
person who lit it?
(c) Rebbi Shimon disagrees with the above.
What does he learn from the
Pasuk "Shalem Yeshalem ha'Mav'ir es ha'Be'eirah"?
(a) The Mishnah in Bava Basra discusses the safety measures of an oven.
What is the minimum space that one should leave between the top of an oven
and the ceiling?
(b) If the oven is situated in an upstairs room, how thick a layer of cement
must one place between the base of the oven and the ground in the case of
- ... a Tanur (a small rhombus-shaped oven)?
- ... a Kiyrah (a large rectangular-shaped oven)?
(a) According to the Tana Kama of the Mishnah in Bava Basra, even after
fulfilling the specified requirements, the owner is still held responsible,
should his oven cause damage.
What does Rebbi Shimon say?
(b) Rebbi Shimon says in our Mishnah 'ha'Kol Le'fi ha'Deleikah'.
How do we
initially interpret this (see Tosfos DH 've'Leis Leih')?
(c) How do we reconcile that statement with his opinion in the Mishnah in
Bava Basra, where he does give a specific Shiur when it comes to fire?
(d) Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel rules like Rebbi Shimon.
What does Rav Nachman
Amar Shmuel say?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah, if someone sets fire to a haystack and the
vessels that are inside it get burned too, he is Patur from paying for those
What do the Rabbanan say?
(b) We have already discussed the case in our Mishnah, where there is a
kid-goat tied to the haystack and an Eved standing next to it.
Why is the
Mazik liable for the kid-goat? Why is he not Patur because of 'Kam Leih
(c) What would be the Din if the goat was ...
(d) The Chachamim concede that if someone sets fire to a house, he must pay
for the contents of the house (even though they are Tamun) as well as for
- ... standing beside the Eved untied?
- ... untied, and it was the Eved who was tied to the haystack?
- ... in this latter case, but assuming that the man who set fire to the Eved received no warning (in which he cannot be sentenced to death)?
Why is that?
(a) Rav Kahana restricts the Machlokes beteen Rebbi Yehudah and the Rabbanan
to someone who lights a fire inside his own Reshus, and it spreads to that
of his neighbor, burning his haystack.
Answers to questions
What will then be the Din, in his
opinion, if he were to set fire to his neighbor's haystack directly?
(b) Based on the Seifa of our Mishnah ('u'Modim Chachamim ... be'Madlik es
ha'Birah ... '), what is Rava's objection to Rav Kahana's Chidush?
(c) So what is Rava's conclusion? What does he mean when he says 'be'Tarti
(d) If he set fire to the haystack, the Rabbanan obligate him to pay for
such things as 'Morigin' (What are Morigin).
On what basis do they then
exempt him from liability with regard to other objects that were hidden in