POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Bava Metzia 86
1) THE BOOK OF ADAM HA'RISHON
(a) Shmuel was Rebbi's doctor. Rebbi had pain in one eye;
Shmuel wanted to put a potion in the eye; Rebbi said he
could not bear it; Shmuel wanted to put something on the
eye; Rebbi refused. Shmuel prepared a powerful potion
that bored through from the back of his head until his
eyes; he was cured.
2) THE DEATH OF RABAH
1. Rebbi was disturbed that he did not succeed in his
plan to ordain Shmuel as 'Rebbi'.
(b) (The book also said that) Rebbi and R. Noson are the end
of the Tana'im, Rav Ashi and Ravina are the end of the
2. Shmuel: Don't feel bad - I saw the book of Adam
ha'Rishon - there I am only called Chacham, not
Rebbi; it says that I will heal you.
1. The is hinted at in "Mikd*ashei* Kel, *Avinah*
(a) (Rav Kahana): Rabah died on account of fear of the king.
3) HOW MUCH WORKERS MUST BE FED
1. Someone informed on him that he causes thousands of
Yisraelim to avoid taxes (because they gather to
learn from him) for a month in spring and a month in
fall. The king sent an agent to seek him; he did not
find him. Rabah fled from Pumbedisa to Akra, then to
a swamp, to Shechin, to a hut, to a spring, to
Pumbedisa; they found him in Pumbedisa.
(b) In Pumbedisa, a note fell from Heaven that Rabah was
taken to the Heavenly academy. Abaye, Rava and all the
Rabanan wanted to bury him, but they did not know where
he was. They went to the swamp; they saw birds making
shade over a certain place - they realized that is the
place. They eulogized him for three days and nights; a
note fell from Heaven excommunicating anyone that will
2. The king's agent came to lodge at the inn Rabah was
in. They put food in front of the agent; they took
it away after he drank two cups (drinking an even
number made him vulnerable to a certain Shed; his
face went in back of his head). Rabah told them to
gave him another cup, he was cured.
3. This made him realize that Rabah was there; he
searched for him and found him. He said - if they
will kill me for not revealing where Rabah is - I
will die, I will not reveal; if they will torture
me, I will reveal.
4. He locked Rabah in a room; Rabah prayed for mercy,
and the wall fell; he escaped to the swamp. He was
sitting on a stump and learning.
5. (Shitah Mekubetzes - Rabah dreamed that) the
Heavenly academy was learning about Tzara'as:
i. If the Tzara'as (white appearance on the skin)
preceded the white hair, he is (absolutely)
Tamei; if the white hair came first, he is
Tahor (i.e. only quarantined);
6. Rabah used to comment, I am the single most learned
scholar alive in matters of Tzara'as and Tum'ah of
ii. If we are in doubt which came first - (Shitah -
a group of Chachamim close to) Hash-m said
Tahor , the rest of the Heavenly academy said
Tamei; they decided that Rabah would decide the
7. The angel of death was sent to take him; he could
not, for Rabah never ceased learning. A wind made a
big noise among the reeds; Rabah thought it was a
troop searching for him. Rabah preferred to die than
to be taken by the kingdom. As he died, he said
8. A voice from Heaven: Happy is Rabah - his body is
Tahor, and his soul left as he said 'Tahor'.
(c) They eulogized him for seven days; a note fell from
Heaven permitting them to go home.
(d) The day he died there was a terrible wind; a man riding a
camel was blown across the Papa river. People told him,
this was because Rabah died.
1. The man: Hash-m - You own the world, You own Rabah.
Granted, You love him - will You destroy your entire
world on account of him?!
(e) One day, R. Shimon ben Chalafta was hot; he sat on top of
a mountain, and asked his daughter to fan him, promising
her loaves of spikenard. A wind came - 'How much I owe
the One who sent this wind!'
2. The wind abated.
(a) (Mishnah): Everything is as the local custom.
(b) Question: What does this come to include?
(c) Version #1 - Answer: A place where the custom is to eat
bread and drink at sunrise, and then to go work, he
cannot force them to eat earlier so they will start work
(d) Version #2 - Answer: A place where the custom is to eat
and drink in the employer's house and then to go work, he
cannot tell them 'Start working, when the food is ready I
will bring it to you'.
(e) (Mishnah): There was a case in which R. Yochanan ben
Masya told his son to hire workers...
(f) Question: The case contradicts the law!
(g) Answer: The Mishnah is abbreviated, it should say thusly:
if he promised to feed them, he must give more than the
4) THE HOSPITALITY OF AVRAHAM
1. There was a case in which R. Yochanan ben Masya told
his son to hire workers; his son promised to feed
(h) Question: This implies that Avraham served a larger meal
2. R. Yochanan: They descend from Avraham, Yitzchak and
Yakov - even if you give them a banquet as Shlomo,
this does not suffice! Before they start working,
tell them that you only promise them bread and
1. But "The daily food of Shlomo was 30 Kor of fine
flour, 60 Kor of (regular) flour, ten fattened
cattle, 20 cattle (that grazed), 100 flock, aside
from deer, fallow deer and Barburim Avusim";
(i) Answer: Avraham served three cattle for 3 guests;
Shlomo's meal was for all of "Yehudah v'Yisrael Rabim
ka'Chol Asher Al ha'Yam".
i. (Guryon ben Astiyon): The verse only gives the
amount of flour and fine flour to absorb the
froth of the pots.
2. Whereas Avraham only served "Ben-Bakar Rach va'Tov";
ii. (R. Yitzchak): The verse only gives the amount
of meat to make seasoned meat.
iii. (R. Yitzchak): Shlomo had 1000 wives, each made
such a meal for him every night in her house -
each hoped he would eat by her that night.
i. (Rav Yehudah): This teaches that he served
(j) Question: What are "Barburim Avusim"?
(k) Answer #1 (Rav): Fowl that we are Oves (force-feed, to
(l) Answer #2 (Shmuel): Fowl that were allowed to fatten
(m) Answer #3 (R. Yochanan): They would bring to Shlomo's
table cattle that never worked ("Bakar Re'i") and fowl
that were never set to raise chicks (and the latter are
1. (R. Yochanan): The choicest animal is an ox; the
choicest fowl is a chicken. (This is why they only
took "spoiled animals" from these two categories.)
(n) (Ameimar): Barburim Avusim are black roosters with big
stomachs (alternate meaning: that were fattened at home)
that frequents the winepress at the time grapes are
pressed (and eats the skins), and is too fat to step over
(a) (Rav Yehudah): "Ben-Bakar Rach va'Tov" - This teaches
that he served three animals.
5) THE ANGELS' VISIT
(b) Question: Perhaps it was only 1 - it was tender and good!
(c) Answer: If so, it should have said 'Rach Tov' - "va'Tov"
shows, it comes to teach more animals.
(d) Question: It should teach one extra, but "Rach" means
(e) Answer: Since "va'Tov" teaches another animal, also
(f) Question (Rabah bar Ula): "He gave to the lad...Oso"
(g) Answer: He gave each one to a different lad.
(h) Question: "U'Ven ha'Bakar Asher Asa (singular) and put in
front of them"!
(i) Answer: He served each one when it finished cooking.
(j) Question: Why did he have to serve three, one would
(k) Answer (Rabah bar bar Chanah): He wanted to serve each a
tongue with mustard.
(a) (R. Tanchum bar Chanilai): A person should not deviate
from the local custom - Moshe went to Heaven, and did not
eat; angels descended, and ate (Avraham's food)!
(b) Question: Surely, they did not eat!
(c) Answer: Rather, they appeared to eat and drink.
(d) (Rav Yehudah): Everything Avraham did himself for the
angels, Hash-m did Himself for Avraham's children (in the
wilderness); everything Avraham did through a messenger,
Hash-m did for Avraham's children through a messenger.
1. (Things Avraham did himself): "Avraham ran to the
herd" - "A wind came me'Es Hash-m (bringing Slav)";
(e) (Rav Yehudah): argues with R. Chama b'Rebbi Chanina.
2. "He took butter and milk" - "I will make bread (fall
as) rain for you Min ha'Shamayim";
3. "He stood (watching) over them" - "I will stand in
front of you";
4. "Avraham walked with them to escort them" - "Hash-m
went in front of them".
5. (Things Avraham did through a messenger): "Yukach
(will be taken) a little water" - "You (Moshe) will
strike the rock and water will exude";
1. (R. Chama b'Rebbi Chanina): In the merit of three
things Avraham did, Yisrael merited three things
from Hash-m (through Moshe and Aharon).
(f) (R. Yanai b'Rebbi Yishmael): "Will be taken a little
water and you will wash your feet" - the angels rebuked
Avraham: you suspect we worship the dust of our feet?!
(From you came Yishmael, who does so)!
i. The Mon (manna) was a reward for giving butter
and milk; the Amud Anan (the cloud that
accompanied Yisrael in the wilderness) was a
reward for standing over the angels while they
ate; the well of Miryam was a reward for
bringing water for them.
(g) Question: "Hash-m appeared to him...k'Chom ha'Yom" - what
does this mean?
(h) Answer (R. Chama b'Rebbi Chanina): It was the third day
from Avraham's circumcision; Hash-m came to visit him, He
made the sun extra strong so Avraham would not be
bothered with guests;
1. Avraham sent Eliezer to look for guests; he did not
find. Avraham did not trust him - as they say in
Eretz Yisrael, one cannot trust slaves.
(i) Question: Who were the three "men"?
2. Avraham went out and found Hash-m by the door - he
asked "Do not pass from Your servant".
3. Avraham was untying and retying the bandage on the
circumcision - it was not proper for Hash-m to
remain there, so He left;
4. "Avraham saw...Nitzavim Alav va'Yar va'Yaratz
Likrasam" - at first, they stood over him; they saw
his pain, and realized that it was not proper to
remain there, so they distanced themselves.
(j) Answer: Micha'el, who came to inform Sarah that she will
have a son; Refa'el, who came to heal Avraham; and
Gavri'el, who was on his way to destroy Sedom.
(k) Question: "The two angels came to Sedom"!
(l) Answer: Micha'el also went, to save Lot.
1. Support: It says "Va'Yahafoch" (singular).