REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 21
***** Perek Eilu Metzi'os *****
(a) What does the Tana of our Mishnah say about someone who finds 'scattered
fruit (referring to grain), scattered money, small sheaves in the
Reshus-ha'Rabim or rings of dried figs'?
(b) What is the significance of the fact that he found the small sheaves in
(c) What do the above, as well as someone who finds 'bakers' loaves, strings
of fish, cuts of meat, unprocessed shearings of wool, thin threads of flax
or combed 'tongues' of wool' have in common? Why does the Tana permit the
finder to keep them?
(d) Rebbi Yehudah obligates the finder to return anything which has a
What does he mean by that?
(a) What does Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar say about 'K'lei Anpuri'ah' (which
will be explained later)?
(b) How does Rebbi Yitzchak qualify 'scattered fruit' in our Mishnah?
(c) According to Rebbi Yitzchak, why can our Mishnah not be speaking about
fruit that had obviously ...
(d) So how does Rav Ukva bar Chama establish our Mishnah?
- ... fallen unbeknown to the owner?
- ... been placed deliberately?
(a) What is the underlying reason for this distinction? Why, if the fruit
was scattered in a space of less than four Amos, would the finder be
obligated to return it?
Answers to questions
(b) Rebbi Yirmiyah asks a number of She'eilos based on this distinction.
Why, in spite of the fact that ...
(c) Sesame-seeds are even more trouble to gather than grain.
- ... half a Kav in two Amos entails less trouble to pick up than one Kav in four Amos, might the finder nevertheless be permitted to keep it?
- ... two Kabin in eight Amos is more valuable than one Kav in four Amos, might the finder nevertheless be permitted to keep it?
might one nevertheless be obligated to return a Kav of them that one finds
in the granary scattered in four Amos?
(d) And why might one then be obligated to return a Kav of dates or
pomegranates scattered in four Amos, even though they are less valuable than
(e) What is the outcome of all these She'eilos?
(a) Abaye holds 'Yi'ush she'Lo mi'Da'as Lo Havi Yi'ush'.
What does he
(b) What does Rava say?
(c) Why, even in a case where the owner was not aware of the loss until
after the finder found it, will ...
(d) Then in which case do they argue?
- ... Rava concede that if the lost article has a Si'man, 'Lo Havi Yi'ush'?
- ... Abaye concede in a case where the incoming tide or an overflowing river swept away the lost article, that 'Havi Yi'ush'?
(a) If Abaye goes after the time of Yi'ush, what is Rava's reason?
(b) How do we reconcile Abaye with our Mishnah, which permits the finder to
(c) What does the Beraisa say about someone who finds money in a Shul, in a
Beis ha'Medrash or in any public place that is frequented by large numbers
- ... scattered fruit?
- ... scattered money?
- ... rings of dried figs and bakers' loaves?
- ... 'tongues' of purple wool?
(d) How does Rebbi Yitzchak explain this Beraisa, to answer the Kashya on
Abaye from Yi'ush she'Lo mi'Da'as?
(a) Another Beraisa permits anyone to take Leket once the Nemushos have been
and gone. According to Rebbi Yochanan, the 'Nemushos' are old men who walk
What does Resh Lakish say?
(b) What is the Tana's reason for this ruling (according to both Rebbi
Yochanan and Resh Lakish)?
(c) Seeing as the poor people who live in other towns do not know when the
Nemushos have been, why is this not a Kashya on Abaye? Why is it not a
question of Yi'ush she'Lo mi'Da'as?
(a) What are 'Ketzi'os'?
(b) What does the Mishnah in Ma'asros say about Ketzi'os that one finds in
the street or beside a field, with regard to ...
(c) And what does the Tana there say about ...
- ... Gezel?
- ... Ma'asros?
- ... figs that one finds underneath a fig-tree?
- ... olives and carobs that one finds underneath their respective trees?
(a) What might we ask on Abaye from the Reisha of the Beraisa?
(b) So how will Abaye explain the Tana's concession of ...
(c) And how will Rava explain the Seifa, where the Tana forbids the olives
and the carabs that have fallen off the tree.
- ... Ketzi'os?
- ... figs under a fig-tree?
Is that not because it is
Yi'ush she'Lo mi'Da'as?
(d) Then why can the finder take the figs that he finds under the fig-tree?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about a Ganav, a Gazlan and the River Yarden
that took away objects from one person and deposited them by another?
(b) Why does the Tana mention specifically the River Yarden? Might the Din
differ in the case of another river?
(a) There is nothing to ask on Abaye from the cases of Gazlan and the River
Answers to questions
(b) The case of Ganav however, whom the owner does not see, and which is
therefore a question of Yi'ush she'Lo mi'Da'as, indicates that the Tana
holds 'Havi Yi'ush'.
How does Rav Papa establish the Beraisa, in order to
reconcile the Beraisa with Abaye?
(c) But surely an armed robber is also a Gazlan?