REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 87
(a) What does Rebbi Elazar comment on the fact that Avraham promised his
guests bread, and then ran to Shecht bulls?
(b) And how does he learn from Efron that Resha'im talk much but do nothing?
(c) What are 'Kantarin'?
(a) And what does Rebbi Yitzchak learn from the fact that the Pasuk refers
to both Kemach and So'les?
(b) Efrayim Maksha'ah quoting Rebbi Meir explains that Sarah did not serve
bread, as Avraham originally instructed her, because, in anticipation of the
baby that she would soon bear, her youth returned to her and she became a
Why is that a reason not to serve bread?
(c) Seeing as the Angels knew exactly where Sarah was, why did they ask
Avraham where she was?
(d) What reason does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina give for this?
(a) What reason does Rebbi Yossi give for the dots on the letters 'Alef,
'Yud' and 'Vav' of "Va'yomru *Eilav* Ayei Sarah Ishtecha"?
(b) How do we reconcile this with Shmuel, who forbids greeting a woman at
all, even through a third person?
(c) How does Rav Chisda interpret Sarah's surprise when she heard that she
would bear a child?
(d) Sarah said "va'Adoni Zaken". What did Hashem quote her as saying?
does Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael explain the discrepancy?
(a) "Mi Milel le'Avraham, Heinikah Banim Sarah".
How does Rebbi Levi
explain the use of the plural ("Banim"), seeing as Sarah only gave birth to
(b) How did Hashem counter their skepticism over the possibility that
Avraham at the age of a hundred, should have fathered a son?
(c) The first person to age was Araham, to become weak (and bedridden)
before dying was Yitzchak (previously, someone who was destined to die would
sneeze and drop dead).
Who was the first person to recover from an
(d) Why did ...
- ... Avraham Daven for old age?
- ... Ya'akov Daven for illness to precede death?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Melachim "ve'Elisha Chalah es Cholyo
*Asher Yamus Bah*"?
(b) Elisha's third illness is the one that led to his death.
What did he
do that caused his two other illnesses?
(c) What did Rav Chisda reply when Rav Acha B'rei de'Rav Yosef asked him
whether our Mishnah (citing the words of Rebbi Yochanan ben Masya) reads
'Pas Kitnis' or 'Pas ve'Kitnis'?
(d) What Rav Chisda actually said was that 'Kitnis requires a 'Vav' like
What is 'Murdaya de'Livros'? What is the significance
of the Mashal?
(a) Raban Shimon ben Gamliel in our Mishnah concludes 'ha'Kol Ke'Minhag
ha'Medinah'. This concurs with the opinion of the Chachamim of Rebbi
Yehoshua in a Beraisa.
What does Rebbi Yehoshua conclude in the case
'ha'Socher es ha'Po'el, ve'Amar Lo ke'Echad u'Shenayim mi'B'nei ha'Ir ... '?
(b) What do the Chachamim say?
(a) Our Mishnah now discusses the Dinim of a laborer eating from the food
with which he is working.
Answers to questions
When is a laborer permitted to eat, presuming
that he works with ...
(b) What is the definition of 'Nigmerah Melachto' by Talush?
- ... Mechubar (that is attached to the ground)?
- ... Talush (which is detached)?
(c) When is he never allowed to eat?
(d) What is an example of ...
- ... Mechubar that is not Nigmerah Melachto?
- ... Talush that *is*?
(a) We learn that a laborer may eat from the grapes that he is picking from
the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "Ki Savo be'Kerem Re'acha Ve'achalta Anavim".
where do we initially learn that this concession extends to other fruit?
(b) How do we learn from the Pasuk "ve'El Kelyecha Lo Siten" that this Din
is referring specifically to a laborer who is picking the grapes (the G'mar
Melachah of fruit)?
(c) On what grounds do we reject this 'Binyan Av'? What does one give from
grapes that one does give from any other species of fruit?
(d) If we cannot incorporate other fruit from grapes, then we need a second
source to form a 'Binyan Av from two Pesukim'.
What is that second source?
(a) What important condition do we learn from the Pasuk (in connection with
Kamah) "ve'Chermesh Lo Sanif"?
(b) What do we learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Ki Savo *be'Kamas* Re'echa"
from "me'Hachel Chermesh *ba'Kamah*" (written by the Omer, which is brought
(c) Seeing as the concession pertains to crops that are subject to Chalah,
from where do we now know that it extends to fruit that is not?
(a) What problem do we have with the 'Mah Matzinu' (or 'Mah ha'Tzad') of
corn and grapes? What is the only fruit that it would incorporate?
(b) Why would we need a 'Mah Matzinu' to incorporate olives anyway? Are
olives not automatically included in "Kerem"?
(a) So we try to include fruits that do not go on the Mizbe'ach from
"Chermesh" ('Le'rabos Kol Ba'alei Chermesh').
How do we repudiate the
Kashya that Chermesh is needed to confine the concession to eat to the time
of 'Chermesh' (G'mar Melachah)? What other source do we have for this?
(b) On what grounds do we nevertheless reject "Chermesh" as a source for all
other species of fruit. ?
(c) What is an example of ...
- ... 'fruit' that is a bar Chermesh?
- ... fruit that is not a bar Chermesh?
(a) So Rebbi Yitzchak finally learns other fruit from "Kamah", 'Le'rabos Kol
But did we not use "Kamah" for a 'Gezeirah-Shavah', to
confine the concession to crops that are subject to Chalah?
(b) What problem do we now have with the Pasuk "Ki Savo be'Kerem Re'echa,
(c) To answer this, Rava cites a Beraisa, which explains the entire Pasuk.
What does the Tana learn from ...
(d) What will those who hold that Gezel Kuti is permitted learn from the
latter Pasuk (seeing as no special Pasuk is needed to permit a laborer to
eat from a Nochri's crops)?
- ... the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Ki Savo be'Kerem Re'echa" "be'Yomo Titen S'charo, ve'Lo Savo Alav ha'Shemesh"? What does the latter Pasuk teach us?
- ... the Pasuk "be'Kerem *Re'echa*"?
(a) The Tana Darshens from "Ve'achalta", 've'Lo Motzetz' (sucking the juice
and spitting out the pits).
Answers to questions
What does he learn from ...
(b) Why is the owner Patur from Ma'asering?
- ... "Anavim"?
- ... "ke'Nafshecha"?
(c) Why might we have otherwise thought that the laborer is Chayav to
Ma'aser what he eats, even though the owner is Patur?
(d) We have already learned from "ve'El Kelyecha Lo Siten", that the Pasuk
is speaking at the time of G'mar Melachah.
What does the Tana Darshen from