POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
prepared by Rabbi Yisrael Shaw
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Chagigah 26
CHAGIGAH 26 - Dedicated in honor of Mrs. Gisela Turkel by her family, may she
be blessed, in the Zechus of Talmud Torah d'Rabim, with good health and long
years. Herself a devotee of Torah study, may she continue to learn and ask
questions until 120!
(b) (Abaye) Our Mishnah also teaches this.
1) THE TYPE OF VESSEL THE AM HA'ARETZ POTTER IS TRUSTED ON INSIDE OF
1. In one statement, the Mishnah implies that only inside of
Modi'im is the potter trusted.
2. In another statement, the Mishnah implies that even in
Modi'im itself he is trusted.
3. It must be that one case is when the potter is leaving and
the Chaver is coming in, and the other case is when both
are leaving or both are coming in.
(a) (Beraisa) They are trusted on small earthenware vessels.
2) MISHNAH: BELIEVING TAX-COLLECTORS AND THIEVES WHO SAY THAT THEY DID
NOT TOUCH ONE'S VESSELS
1. (Reish Lakish) The vessels must be small enough to hold with
2. (R. Yochanan) The vessels may be even be so large that they
cannot be held with one hand.
3. (Reish Lakish) The vessels must be empty.
4. (R. Yochanan) The vessels may even be full.
(i) We assume the vessels to be Tahor, even if they are
filled with the Am ha'Aretz's own liquid or shirt.
(ii) The liquid or shirt itself, though, is of course Tamei
(iii) Indeed, we find (Ohalos 5:4) that it is possible for
either the container or the contents to be Tamei,
while the other is Tahor.
(a) Tax-collectors who entered one's home are believed to say that
they did not touch any utensils (and thus they are Tahor).
3) TAX-COLLECTORS ARE BELIEVED
(b) Likewise, thieves who repented and returned stolen items are
believed to say that they did not touch any utensils.
(c) In Yerushalayim, [Amei ha'Aretz] are trusted with regard to
(d) And during the festival, they are trusted even with regard to
(a) Question: But another Mishnah says that they are not believed!
4) IN YERUSHALAYIM, THEY ARE TRUSTED ON THEIR POTS
1. (Mishnah, Taharos 7:6) If tax-collectors entered one's home,
everything is Tamei.
(b) Answer: The Mishnah there refers to when they are accompanied by
a Nochri (in which case everything is Tamei)
(c) Question: What difference does it make if they are accompanied
by a Nochri?
(d) Answer #1: The dread of the Nochri is upon them (lest the Nochri
beat them up if they do not do their job thoroughly).
(e) Answer #2: The dread of the government is upon them (lest the
Nochri inform the authorities about them).
(f) Question: What is the difference between these two explanations?
(g) Answer: A weak Nochri.
(a) (Beraisa) They are trusted on large earthenware vessels for
Kodesh (and certainly on small ones).
5) DURING THE FESTIVAL, [AMEI HA'ARETZ] ARE TRUSTED EVEN FOR TERUMAH
(b) Question: What is the reason for all of this?
(c) Answer: Because kilns (for making vessels) are not constructed
(a) Question: From where do we learn this?
6) MISHNAH: WINE AND FLOUR TOUCHED BY AMEI HA'ARETZ DURING THE FESTIVAL
(b) Answer (R. Yehoshua b. Levi): The verse states, "All of the
people of Yisrael gathered together at the city, as one man,
as compatriots (Chaverim)" (Shoftim 20:11) -- the verse makes
everyone Chaverim [during the festival].
(a) One who opens his barrel [to sell wine] or who begins selling
his flour during the festival:
7) LEAVING THE WINE AND FLOUR UNTIL THE NEXT FESTIVAL
1. (R. Yehudah) He may finish selling it even after the
festival has passed.
2. (Chachamim) He may not finish selling it after the festival.
(a) Question: May he leave it until the next festival (according to
8) MISHNAH: MAKING THE AZARAH TAHOR AFTER THE FESTIVAL
(b) Answer: The hand of all [Amei ha'Aretz] touch it [and make it
Tamei], and you suggest leaving it until the next festival!?
(c) Question: But until now, during the festival, the hand of all
touched it, and yet it was considered Tahor!
(d) Answer: That is different:
1. Until now, during the festival, the Torah made the Tum'ah
of an Am ha'Aretz to be Tahor.
(d) Question: Say that it is a Machlokes Tana'im.
2. Now, however, it becomes Tamei [retroactively] due to the
touch of the Am ha'Aretz.
1. One Beraisa says he may leave it until the next festival.
(e) Answer: No, it is not a Machlokes Tana'im.
2. Another Beraisa says that he does not leave it until the
1. The first Beraisa is the Chachamim.
2. The second Beraisa is R. Yehudah, who holds that he may
finish selling it after the festival and does not need to
leave it until the next festival.
(a) When the festival has passed, we remove the vessels of the
Azarah in order to make them Tahor.
9) WHEN THE FESTIVAL ENDS ON THURSDAY, THE KOHANIM ARE NOT AVAILABLE
(b) If the festival ends on a Friday, we wait until after Shabbos
to remove the vessels, due to the honor of Shabbos (the Kohanim
need time to prepare for Shabbos).
(c) (R. Yehudah) Even if the festival ends on Thursday, we wait
until after Shabbos, because the Kohanim are not available to
immerse the vessels.
(a) (Beraisa) The Kohanim are not available to immerse the vessels,
because they are busy clearing out all of the ashes (that
collected on the Mizbe'ach during the festival).
10) MISHNAH: HOW ARE THE VESSELS OF THE AZARAH MADE TAHOR
(a) How are the vessels of the Azarah made Tahor?
(b) We immerse the vessels of the Mikdash.
(c) Before the festival, we tell the Kohanim Amei ha'Aretz to be
careful not to touch the Shulchan (which cannot be moved from
its place in order to be immersed after the festival).
(d) All of the vessels of the Mikdash have substitutes, in case
the first ones became Tamei, they would bring the substitutes in
11) WARNING THE KOHANIM AMEI HA'ARETZ NOT TO TOUCH THE SHULCHAN
(e) All of the vessels of the Mikdash require Tevilah --
1. except the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav and the Mizbe'ach ha'Nechoshes.
2. (R. Eliezer) They do not require Tevilah, because they are
3. (Chachamim) -Because they are coated.
(a) (Beraisa) [Warn them,] "Be careful not to touch the Shulchan and
(b) Question: Why does our Mishnah not mention the Menorah?
(c) Answer: The verse says "Tamid" ("always") with regard to the
presence of Shulchan in the Mikdash (Shemos 25:30), but not with
regard to the Menorah.
1. The Beraisa, though, holds that since the verse says, "[You
shall place] the Menorah across from the Shulchan" (Shemos
26:35), it is as if it says "Tamid" with regard to the
(d) Question: Why must we warn them not to touch the Shulchan -- it
is a wooden vessel that is not mobile!?
2. Our Mishnah holds that that verse is teaching only where to
place the Menorah (but not when it must be there).
1. A wooden vessel that is not mobile does not become Tamei.
(e) Answer: The Shulchan indeed is mobile, even when it is full.
2. In order for a vessel to be able to become Tamei, it must be
similar to a sack (Vayikra 11:32), which can be moved both
while full and while empty.
1. This is as Reish Lakish taught: The Torah refers to the
Shulchan as the "Shulchan ha'Tahor" (Vayikra 24:6), implying
that it can be Tamei.
(d) Question: Say that it can become Tamei, even if it is not mobile,
because it is plated in metal!?
2. How can it be Tamei, though, if it is an immobile wooden
3. The Torah is teaching that the Shulchan is lifted up in order
to show the showbreads to all of the Olei Regalim, so that
they should see the miracle that happened with the bread and
know how beloved they are to Hashem.
(i) It was a great miracle -- the showbreads were as warm
and fresh when they were removed as they were when they
were placed upon the Shulchan a week earlier (as
derived from Shmuel I 21:7).
1. A Mishnah (Kelim 22:1) teaches that we follow the coating of
an object with regard to Tum'ah (and thus the metal coating
over the Shulchan should make it Tamei).
(e) Answer: The Shulchan is different (and is not subordinate to its
metal coating), because the Torah itself calls it a "wooden"
vessel (Yechezkel 41:22).
2. We cannot answer that the Shitim wood of which the Shulchan
was made is precious wood and is not subordinate to the metal
(i) R. Yochanan said that the material of the item --
regardless of how high quality it is -- is always
subordinate to the coating!
3. We cannot answer that we follow the coating only when it is
permanent (i.e. nailed down to the item), but when it is not
permanent (such as the metal coating on the Shulchan, which
was not nailed down), we do not follow the coating.
(i) R. Yochanan said that we always follow the coating,
whether or not it is permanent!