POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
prepared by Rabbi Yisrael Shaw
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Chagigah 27
CHAGIGAH 27 (Grand Siyum of Moed!) - dedicated by Rabbi Ari and Esther
Maryles of Chicago in memory of his grandfather, Rav Shimon Maryles zt'l. He
survived the destruction of European Jewry, living through immense suffering
with endless trust in Hashem, and he rebuilt a family committed to Torah and
1) THE ATONEMENT PROCURED BY ONE'S TABLE
(a) Question: The verse (Yechezkel 41:22) first calls it the
"Mizbe'ach," and then calls it the "Shulchan!?"
2) THE REASON THE TWO MIZBECHOS CANNOT BECOME TAMEI
(b) Answer (R. Yochanan and Reish Lakish): This teaches that when
the Beis ha'Mikdash is standing, the Mizbe'ach atoned for the
(c) Now, though, it is a man's table which atones for him (when he
invites poor people to eat there).
(a) The outer Mizbe'ach (Mizbe'ach ha'Nechoshes) does not become
Tamei, because the Torah calls it "a Mizbe'ach of earth"
(Shemos 20:21) (and earth cannot become Tamei).
3) THE CHACHAMIM SAY THAT THE TWO MIZBECHOS CANNOT BECOME TAMEI BECAUSE
THEY ARE COATED (WITH METAL)
(b) The inner Mizbe'ach (Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav) does not become Tamei,
because the Torah compares it to the inner Mizbe'ach (Bamidbar
(a) Question: On the contrary -- since they are coated, they *should*
4) THE FIRE OF HELL DOES NOT HARM TALMIDEI CHACHAMIM
(b) Answer #1: The Mishnah should be read, "And the Chachamim say
that they *do become Tamei* because they are coated."
(c) Answer #2: The Chachamim are addressing the statement of R.
1. R. Eliezer said that the Mizbechos do not become Tamei
because the Torah calls them "earth."
2. He needs that verse because without it, we would think that
the Mizbechos become Tamei because of their metal coating.
3. But even without that verse, they would not become Tamei,
even though they have a metal coating, because the Torah
already refers to them as "wooden" Mizbechos (and they are
not Mekabel Tum'ah for that reason, and not because they
are called "earth").
(a) (R. Avahu in the name of R. Elazar) The fire of Gehenom has no
rule over Talmidei Chachamim.
5) THE FIRE OF HELL DOES NOT HARM THE SINNERS OF ISRAEL
(b) This is learned through a Kal v'Chomer from the salamander.
(c) If one who spreads the oil of a salamander -- which is formed from
fire -- upon himself is not burned by fire, then certainly a
Talmid Chacham -- whose entire body is fire (Yirmeyahu 23:29) --
will not be burned by fire [in Gehenom]!
(a) (Reish Lakish) The fire of Gehenom has no rule over the sinners
On to Yevamos
(b) This is learned from a Kal v'Chomer from the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav.
(c) If the gold on the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav -- which was only a very
thin layer of gold -- was not harmed by the fire burning there
for so many years, then certainly the sinners of Israel -- who
are nonetheless full of Mitzvos like a pomegranate (as derived
from Shir ha'Shirim 4:3) -- how much more so they will not be
harmed by the fire of Gehenom.