REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Chagigah 13
(a) What does Rav Acha bar Ya'akov learn from the Pasuk in Yechezkel
"u'D'mus al Roshei ha'Chayah Raki'a"?
(b) What does that heaven comprise?
(c) What does all this have to do with the Pasuk in Ben Sira "be'Mufla
Mimcha Al Tidrosh ... "?
(a) What is the connection between Nevuchadnetzar and Nimrod?
(b) Rebbi Yochanan ben Zakai says in a Beraisa that, when Nevuchadnetzar
ha'Rasha said "A'aleh al Bamasei Av, Adameh la'Elyon", Hashem replied with
the Pasuk in Tehilim "Yemei Shenoseinu Bahem Shiv'im Shanah ... ".
the significance of that Pasuk here?
(c) What is the distance between the earth to the first heaven, and between
one heaven and the next?
(d) Is that the same distance as from the feet of the Chayos till Hashem's
(a) Rebbi Zeira says that when Rebbi Chiya quoting a Beraisa, permitted
teaching the 'beginning of chapters' (of the Merkavah) to individuals, he
meant either to the Av Beis-Din or to someone who is constantly worried
What do others say?
(b) Rebbi Ami restricts teaching the secrets of Torah to anyone who does not
possess five qualities (the first two: an officer of fifty and favored by
all - these and the other three will be discussed later).
things comprise the secrets of Torah?
(c) What does Rebbi Ami learn from the Pasuk "Lo Asah Chein le'Chol Goy
u'Mishpatim Bal Yeda'um ... "?
(a) Rebbi Elazar declined to learn the Ma'aseh Merkavah from his Rebbe Rebbi
Yochanan, because he considered himself too young (less than fifty - Rabeinu
Chananel, though the age of forty is normally cited).
On what grounds did
he decline to learn it from Rebbi Asi after Rebbi Yochanan's death?
(b) What deal did Rav Yosef strike with the elders of Pumbedisa?
(c) In what connection did he later quote the Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim
"D'vash ve'Chalav Tachas Leshonech"?
(a) What did Rav Yosef reply when the elders of Pumbedisa told him that they
had already learned the last two Pesukim in the first chapter of Yechezkel:
"va'Eire Ke'ein Chashmal ... " and "ke'Mar'eh ha'Keshes"?
(b) How do we reconcile Rav Yosef's statement with the Beraisa, where Rebbi
defines Ma'aseh Merkavah as until (but excluding) "va'Eira" ... according to
(c) Why did fire go out from the Chashmal and consume that child who was
teaching the Chashmal?
- ... the first Lashon (which differentiates between teaching completely and teaching only the 'beginnings of chapters'?
- ... the second Lashon, which is more stringent?
(a) According to Rav Yehudah, Chazal wanted to hide the Book of Yechezkel
because of apparent discrepancies that clashed with the Torah.
Answers to questions
Chananyah ben Chizkiyah do in this connection, that earned him high praise
from the Chachamim?
(b) According to the Beraisa, they wanted to hide Yechezkel because of the
child that died on his account, as we just learned.
On what grounds did
Chananyah ben Chizkiyah argue (successfully) against this happening?
(a) According to Rav Yehudah, Chashmal is the acronym of 'Chayos Eish
What does the Beraisa say?
(b) The Pasuk in Yechezkel reads "ve'ha'Chayos Ratzo va'Shov ke'Mar'eh
How does ...
(c) Yechezkel saw a storm-wind accompanying the Chashmal, which was coming
in from the north.
- ... Rav Yehudah describe "ve'ha'Chayos Ratzo va'Shov"?
- ... Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina describe "ke'Mar'eh ha'Bazak"?
Where was it coming from? What had it just achieved and
(d) What cause of complaint did Hashem now have against Yisrael?
(a) The name of a particular Ofan that Yechezkel saw was Sandalfon, whose
function it was to tie crowns for his Creator.
Where was he standing, and
tall was he?
(b) According to the Beraisa, when he tied the crowns, he was standing
behind Hashem's Throne.
Why is this not possible?
(c) Then how were the crowns placed on Hashem's Head?
(d) If, as Rava maintains, Yeshayah saw everything that Yechezkel saw, why
was *Yechezkel* the one to describe Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah in awe, and not
(a) How does Resh Lakish explain the Pasuk in Beshalach "Shiru la'Hashem Ki
(b) There are four Chayos that support Hashem's Throne.
What are they?
(c) Why, in a later chapter, does Yechezkel replace the face of an ox with
that of a k'ruv (cherub)? Is that not the same as the Chayah with the face
of an Adam? What did he then say to Hashem?
(d) What is the real meaning of 'K'ruv' in this context?
(a) How do we reconcile the Pasuk in Yeshayah ascribing *six* wings to each
Chayah, with the Pasuk in Yechezkel, which mentions about *four*?
(b) According to Rav Chananel Amar Rav, it was the wings with which they
sang Shirah that were covered, and he learns it from the juxtaposition of
the two Pesukim "u'vi'Sh'tayim Ye'ofef ... ve'Kara Zeh el Zeh ve'Amar".
How does the Pasuk in Mishlei "Hasa'if Einecha Bo ve'Einenu" complete the
(c) The Rabbanan disagree with Rav Chananel Amar Rav.
What do they learn
from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'Ragleihem Regel Yesharah"?
(d) How do the Rabbanan know that Yechezkel did not simply see this when the
Chayos momentarily uncovered their legs as they sang Shirah (by rapidly
moving their wings), just like he saw their faces when they momentarily
(a) How do we initially reconcile the Pasuk in Daniel, which speaks of "the
million angels that serve Him and the hundred million that stand before Him,
with the Pasuk in Iyov "ha'Yesh Mispar li'G'dudav"?
(b) According to Rebbi in a Beraisa, both Pesukim refer to the same era.
How is that possible?
(c) In our first answer, it was all a matter of time; in the third answer
(given by Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba), it was all a matter of location.
does he explain the Pasuk in Daniel?
(d) What is the source of the 'Nahar di'Yenur', and where does it end?
(a) According to Rav Achah bar Ya'akov, explaining the Pasuk in Iyov "Asher
Komtu ve'Lo Eis, Nahar Yutzak Yesodam", the Nahar di'Yenur pours on to the
974 generations in Gehinom.
Answers to questions
When should they have been created? What is
the significance of the 974?
(b) Why did Hashem change His mind? Why were they not created then?
(c) When *were* they created (see last Agados Maharsha last DH on 13b. and
first DH on 14a.)?
(d) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak interprets "Asher Komtu ve'Lo Eis, Nahar Yutzak
Yesodam" in Iyov differently. According to him, the Pasuk speaks about
What will happen to Talmidei Chachamim who scrimp on
their material needs in this world for the sake of their Torah-studies?