POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Chulin 94
CHULIN 92-95 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and
prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) GIVING A LEG TO A NOCHRI
(a) (Mishnah): One may send a leg to a Nochri with the Gid
ha'Nasheh inside, because it is evident that it was not
(b) (Gemara) Inference: One may send only a whole leg, not a
piece with the Gid inside.
(c) Question: What is the case?
1. Suggestion: (In this place) they do not announce in
the meat market when an animal is found to be
(d) Answer: We can explain the Mishnah in either place:
2. Rejection: If so, one may send even a piece, for a
Yisrael can never buy from a Nochri (lest it is a
3. Suggestion: (In this place) they announce in the
meat market that an animal was found to be Tereifah.
4. Rejection: If so, one should not send even a whole
leg, lest the Nochri cut it and a Yisrael will buy a
1. In a place where they announce, we are not concerned
lest the Nochri cut it and a Yisrael will buy a
piece, for one can recognize the way Yisraelim cut
meat to remove the Gid.
(e) Shmuel did not say this explicitly, it was inferred from
something he said.
2. In a place where they do not announce, Chachamim
forbid Reuven to send a piece to a Nochri (without
removing the Gid), lest another Yisrael will see and
buy it from the Nochri (assuming it is permitted.)
i. Alternatively, it is forbidden because this
deceives the Nochri (he will think that Reuven
gave him something Reuven himself would eat.)
ii. (Shmuel): It is forbidden to deceive people,
1. Shmuel was on a ferry; he asked his servant to pay
the ferryman. He was disturbed by the way his
servant did this.
(f) Question: What difference does it make whether or not
Shmuel explicitly said that it is forbidden to deceive?
2. Question: Why was he upset?
3. Answer #1 (Abaye): His servant gave the ferryman a
Tereifah chicken under the pretense that it was
4. Answer #2 (Rava): Shmuel told him to give the
ferryman Anafka (undiluted wine), and he gave him
(g) Answer: It is possible that he was upset for a different
1. According to Abaye, perhaps Shmuel was upset that
his servant was keeping around a Tereifah chicken,
perhaps someone would come to eat it!
2. According to Rava, perhaps he was upset that his
servant did not give Anafka, like he was told.
(a) (Beraisa - R. Meir): One should not insist that his
friend Reuven eat by him, if he knows that Reuven will
3) WHAT MAY BE GIVEN TO A NOCHRI
1. He should not insist that he wants to give him a
gift, if he knows that Reuven will not accept;
(b) If one opens barrels of wine in honor of a guest, and he
already agreed to sell them to a grocer, he must inform
the guest. (Usually, opening a barrel of wine causes a
loss, for the wine will not last long; in this case,
there is no loss, the grocer will sell it quickly.)
(c) One should not give an empty flask to a guest and offer
him to anoint;
1. If these are done to honor the guest in front of
others, it is permitted.
(d) Question: But Ula visited Rav Yehudah, and Rav Yehudah
opened barrels that he had sold to a grocer!
(e) Answer #1: Rav Yehudah informed Ula.
(f) Answer #2: Rav Yehudah loved Ula so much that he would
have opened them even if they were not sold.
(g) (Beraisa): A person should not go to a mourner's house
with a half-empty flask, nor should he fill it with
water, for he deceives him (he thinks that it is full of
1. One may do this to honor the mourner in front of
(h) (Beraisa): One may not sell a sandal made from the hide
of a Neveilah under the pretense that it is from a
slaughtered animal, for two reasons:
1. This is deception;
(i) One should not send a barrel of wine with oil floating on
2. It is dangerous (perhaps the Neveilah was bitten by
a snake, the venom might damage the wearer.)
(j) Version #1: A man once received such a barrel; he invited
guests (thinking he had oil);
1. When he saw that he had no oil to serve them, he
(k) Version #2 (according to Avos d'R. Noson): A man once
received such a barrel (he was told that it is wine); he
invited guests to drink.
1. When he saw the oil at the top, he thought there was
a mistake, and that he had no wine to serve them; he
(l) A guest may not give his portion to the host's children
(m) Ploni once invited three guests at a time of famine. Each
gave his meager portion to Ploni's son. Ploni saw his son
eating one of them and holding the other two; he hit him,
and the son died. His mother then took her own life, and
Ploni did the same.
(a) (Beraisa): If one sends a thigh to a Yisrael he need not
remove the Gid; if he sends a piece, he must remove it;
1. If he sends to a Nochri, in either case he need not
remove the Gid.
(b) We do not sell Neveilos or Tereifos to Nochrim for two
1. This is deception;
(c) One should not give money to a Nochri to buy meat for two
2. Perhaps they will resell it to a Yisrael.
1. Perhaps he will take the meat and not pay the money;
(d) Question: The Beraisa permits sending a thigh or a piece
to a Nochri without removing the Gid - what is the case?
2. Perhaps the butcher will give him a Tereifah or
1. Suggestion: It is a place where they announce (when
there is a Tereifah in the market.)
2. Rejection: Since they did not announce today,
Yisraelim might buy meat from Nochrim, one should
have to remove it!
(e) Answer: Rather, it is a place where they do not announce.
(f) Question: The next clause forbids selling Neveilos or
Tereifos to Nochrim for two reasons - deception, and lest
they will resell it to a Yisrael.
1. What is the case?
2. It cannot be a place where they do not announce, for
there Yisraelim never buy meat from Nochrim!
(g) Answer: Rather, it is a place where they announce.
(h) Question (Seifa): One should not give money to a Nochri
to buy meat for two reasons - perhaps he will take the
meat without paying, and lest the butcher will give him a
Tereifah or Neveilah.
1. What is the case?
(i) Answer: Rather, it is a place where they do not announce.
2. Suggestion: It is a place where they announce.
3. Rejection: If so, we need not worry that he will be
given a Tereifah, since there was no announcement
(j) Question: The Reisha and Seifa are in places where they
don't announce, and the middle clause is in a place where
(k) Answer #1 (Abaye): Correct!
(l) Answer #2 (Rava): The entire Beraisa is in a place where
1. In the Reisha and Seifa, there was an announcement
that day; in the middle case, there was not.
(m) Answer #3 (Rav Ashi): The entire Beraisa is in a place
where they do not announce;
1. The middle case is a decree, lest a Yisrael (Reuven)
see a Nochri buy meat from a Yisrael - Reuven will
assume that it is Kosher, and might buy the meat
from the Nochri.
(n) Question: What do they announce when there is a Tereifah?
(o) Answer (Rav Yitzchak bar Yosef): They say, there is meat
for the Nochrim.
(p) Question: Why not say 'There is a Tereifah for the
(q) Answer: If so, they would not buy it (since they know it
is unfit for us.)
(r) Question: The text we announce deceives them!
(s) Answer: No, they deceive themselves.
1. Mar Zutra bar Rav Nachman was travelling; he
encountered Rav Safra and Rava.
2. Mar Zutra: You did not need to come so far to greet
3. Rav Safra: Really, we didn't know you were coming -
had we known, we would have come further to greet
4. Rava (to Rav Safra): Why did you say that - it will
make him feel bad.
5. Rav Safra: If not, we would have tricked him!
6. Rava: No - he tricked himself.