POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Chulin 137
CHULIN 137-140 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dapim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) ONLY SHEEP'S WOOL IS GIVEN
(a) (Mishnah): Reishis ha'Gez applies only to sheep.
2) OTHER WAYS OF TAKING OF THE WOOL
(b) Question: What is the source of this?
(c) Answer (Rav Chisda): We learn "Gizah-Gizah" from Iyov;
1. Just like there it refers to sheep - "umi'Gez
Kevasai Yischamam" - also here.
(d) Question: Why don't we learn "Gizah-Gizah" from Bechor
(that it applies even to oxen)!
1. (Beraisa) Question: "Lo Sa'avod bi''Vechor Shorecha
v'Lo Sagoz Bechor Tzonecha" - what is the source to
forbid working with a Bechor Seh or shearing a
(e) Answer: "Titen Lo" - give something the Kohen can wear,
not ox hair, which is used to make sackcloth.
2. Answer: "Lo Sa'avod...v'Lo Sagoz" (we apply what is
said about each to the other).
(f) Question: Goats' wool (which one plucks off goats) is
fitting for garments - Reishis ha'Gez should apply to it!
(g) Answer #1: The Torah discusses only Gizah (shearing), not
(h) Rejection: R. Yosi is the Tana who distinguishes between
words that refer to detaching, and he says that the
normal method is included [in "Gizah"]!
(i) Answer #2: This is like R. Yehoshua ben Levi, who
expounds "la'Amod l'Shares" - it must be fitting for the
Techeles of the Kohanim's garments, i.e. sheep's wool.
(j) Question: What do we learn from "Gizah-Gizah"?
(k) Answer (Beraisa - Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): Reishis ha'Gez
does not apply to sheep whose wool is too hard to make
garments [that give warmth] - "umi'Gez Kevasai
(a) (Beraisa #1): If one shears goats or washes sheep
(causing wool to come off), Reishis ha'Gez does not
3) THE AMOUNT OF SHEEP THAT IS LIABLE
(b) Contradiction (Beraisa #2): If one shears goats he is
exempt from Reishis ha'Gez, if he washes sheep, he is
(c) Answer: Beraisa #1 is R. Yosi, Beraisa #2 is Chachamim.
1. (Beraisa): [One must leave for the poor] "Leket
Ketzircha" (what falls during harvesting), not Leket
of Kituf (plucking);
(d) (Rav Acha brei d'Rava): R. Yosi admits that "Katzir"
includes the normal method.
2. R. Yosi says, "Leket" refers only to what comes
3. Question: The first Tana also says this!
4. Answer: The entire Beraisa is R. Yosi, he says "This
is because 'Leket' only refers to what comes through
1. (Beraisa - R. Yosi) Question: The Torah says
"Katzir" - what is the source to include uprooting?
(e) Support (Ravina - Mishnah): If there are rows of onions
between patches of vegetables, [the vegetables are an
interruption, so] Pe'ah must be left for each row;
2. Answer: It says "Liktzor";
3. Question: What is the source to include plucking?
4. Answer: It says "b'Kutzrecha."
(f) (Even though onions are not harvested with a scythe,
Pe'ah must be left, for the normal way of detaching is
1. Chachamim say, one Pe'ah may be left for all the
(a) (Mishnah) Question: What is the quantity [from which Gez
must be given]?
(b) Question: We understand Beis Shamai - two sheep are
1. What is Beis Hillel's reason [to say five]?
(c) Answer #1 (Rav Kahana): "v'Chamesh Tzon *Asuyos*" - two
Mitzvos apply to a group of five sheep, i.e. Reishis
ha'Gez and Matanos.
1. Suggestion: Perhaps the Mitzvos are Bechor and
(d) Objection: Matanos apply to a single sheep (so we cannot
say that two Mitzvos apply only when there are five)!
2. Rejection: Even one Bechor Seh is Kodesh.
(e) Answer #2 (Rav Ashi): "Asuyos" means, they obligate their
owner in a Mitzvah that did not apply to less than five
(this must be Reishis ha'Gez).
(f) (Beraisa - Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael b'Rebbi Yosi): The
Mitzvah applies to four, for four are called "Tzon" -
"v'Arba Tzon Tachas ha'Seh."
(g) (Beraisa - Rebbi): Even if Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel
learned from Torah verses, and R. Yosi learned from
Nevi'im, we would follow R. Yosi;
1. Really, Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel learned from
Nevi'im, and R. Yosi learned from Torah - all the
more so, we should follow R. Yosi!
(h) Question: [Presumably, the preference for R. Yosi is
because he is Machri'a (a mediating opinion),] but a
third opinion (Rashi - it introduces an idea that the
first two opinions never mentioned; Aruch - of a Tana
smaller than the first two) is not a Hachra'ah!
(i) Answer (R. Yochanan): The reason to follow R. Yosi is
because he received it from Chagai, Zecharyah and
4) THE AMOUNT OF SHEARINGS THAT IS LIABLE
(a) (Mishnah): R. Dosa ben Hurkanus says... (Chachamim say,
he is liable for any amount.)
5) THE QUANTITIES OF VARIOUS "MATANOS"
(b) Question: What do Chachamim mean by "any amount"?
(c) Answer #1 (Rav): It must be a Maneh (25 Sela'im) and a
half (from all five sheep combined).
(d) Answer #2 (Shmuel): It must be 60 Sela'im; he gives one
Sela to the Kohen.
(e) Answer #3 (R. Yochanan): It must be six Sela'im; he gives
five to the Kohen, and keeps one.
(f) Answer #4 (Ula): It is any amount, no matter how small.
(g) (Mishnah): One must give to the Kohen five Sela'im of
Yehudah (this is ten of Galil).
(h) Question #1: This refutes Shmuel (who said he gives one
to the Kohen) and Ula (who says that any amount is
(i) Question #2: This is also difficult for Rav!
1. (Rav and Shmuel): One must give (or in the case of
Pe'ah, leave) one part in 60 of the following - Gez,
Terumah, and Pe'ah.
(j) Answer (to both questions - Rav and Shmuel): The Mishnah
teaches that if a Yisrael has much shearings and wants to
give them to more than one Kohen, he must give to each
Kohen five Sela'im.
2. (According to Rav, one must give from a Maneh and a
half - but a 60th part is less than a Sela!)
(a) (Rav and Shmuel): One must give (or leave) one part in 60
of Gez, Terumah, and Pe'ah.
(b) Question (Mishnah): A generous separation of Terumah is
one part in 40...
(c) (Rashi - why do they suggest giving like a stingy person?
Tosfos - the Mishnah teaches that one may give one in 60,
they did not need to teach this!)
(d) Answer #1: They teach that mid'Oraisa, one must give one
in 60; mid'Rabanan, one should give one in 40.
(e) Rejection: Shmuel himself taught that even one blade of
wheat exempts the entire stack (mid'Oraisa)!
(f) Answer #2: Mid'Oraisa, one blade exempts the entire
1. Regarding Terumah mid'Oraisa (grain, wine and oil),
Chachamim enacted that one should give one in 40;
(g) Question (Mishnah): There is no Shi'ur (fixed quantity)
for the following - Pe'ah, Bikurim, the [cost of] the
Olah and Shelamim one must bring on each festival.
2. Regarding [other] produce that is liable
mid'Rabanan, Chachamim require one to give one in
(h) Answer: Mid'Oraisa, there is no Shi'ur for Pe'ah;
mid'Rabanan, it is one in 60.
(i) Question: A Mishnah teaches this!
1. (Mishnah): Even though Pe'ah has no Shi'ur
mid'Oraisa, [mid'Rabanan] one must leave one in 60.
(j) Answer: The Mishnah teaches the law in Eretz Yisrael, Rav
and Shmuel teach the law in Chutz la'Aretz.
(k) Isi bar Hini was teaching his son "Five Rechelim
1. R. Yochanan: Why don't you teach "Rechelos"?
(l) Isi called Rav, "Aba (that was Rav's real name), the long
one"; R. Yochanan rebuked him for not prefixing a title
2. Isi: The Torah uses this form (when relating Yakov's
gift to Esav): "Rechelim Masayim."
1. R. Yochanan: Rav used to speak in learning with
Rebbi - I was 17 rows in back, I could not follow
(m) Question (Isi bar Hini): How much shearings obligate
giving Reishis ha'Gez?
(n) Answer (R. Yochanan): Sixty Sela'im are liable.
(o) Question (Isi): But the Mishnah says, any amount!
(p) Answer (R. Yochanan): I know the true meaning of the
Mishnah ("any amount" is in relation to R. Dosa, who said
a much larger quantity).