REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Chulin 45
CHULIN 45 (Purim d'Mukafim) - sponsored by Dr. and Mrs. Shalom Kelman of
Baltimore, Maryland, USA. May Hashem bless them with long years filled with
Torah, Chidushei Torah, and Nachas!
(a) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav say about many tiny holes on the
circumference of the Gargeres resembling a sieve?
(b) Rav Yirmiyah queries Rav Yehudah from a Beraisa which discusses the
Shiur of holes of a skull.
What is the Shiur of a hole in a skull that
renders the skull unable to be Metamei be'Ohel ha'Meis?
(c) What Shi'ur does the Tana now give if ...
(d) How is this a Kashya on Rav Yehudah?
- ... the hole is elongated instead of round?
- ... there are many small holes?
(a) Rav Yirmiyah it seems, forgot what Rebbi Chelbo ... Amar Rav said.
What did Rebbi Chelbo say to distinguish between holes with a Chesaron
(flesh missing) and holes without a Chesaron?
(b) So why is his Kashya on Rav Yehudah not really a Kashya at all?
(c) What does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi say about a thin strip of flesh that
has been removed from the length of the Gargeres?
(d) Rebbi Yitzchal bar Nachmeni asked Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi what the Din
will be if the Gargeres was punctured like a sieve round the circumference.
What did the latter reply?
(a) What Shi'ur did Rebbi Yitzchak bar Nachmeni give with regard to the
equivalent case (Nikvah ke'Nafah) by a bird?
(b) What Si'man did Rav Papa give by which to remember that this is the
Shi'ur (and not that of an Isar or of Rov)?
(a) And what Shi'ur does Rav ...
(b) Why is the Halachah more lenient when the split is lengthwise than when
it is widthwise?
- ... Nachman give in a case where the Kaneh is cut on three sides in the form of a door? Why is the Din here more lenient than a case of a hole with a Chesaron?
- ... give in a case where the Kaneh is split lengthwise? What does 'Chulya' mean?
(c) What objection did Rebbi Yochanan raise to Rav's ruling? How does he
(d) What was his reaction when they told him that Rebbi Yonasan said what he
(a) Rebbi Chiya bar Yosef quoting a Beraisa in front of Rebbi Yochanan, gave
the location of Shechitah as from the Taba'as ha'Gedolah right down to the
lower lobe of the lung.
Why is this ruling not Halachah?
(b) How does Rava explain 'lower' in this case?
(c) Does this constitute the end of the Kaneh?
(a) Why does Rava explain 'lower' in this way (and not when one is holding
the Kaneh in one's hand)?
(b) What does he warn the Shochet not to do?
(c) What does he say about the part of the Kaneh that is exposed when the
animal stretches in order to graze where it could not otherwise reach?
(d) What conclusion do Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish between them arrive at
- ... a case where the Shochet stretches the Kaneh before Shechitah?
- ... the Shi'ur Tereifus regarding a hole in the area of the Kaneh beyondthe chest?
(a) A Beraisa defining the Chazah (the chest), gives as the lowest part, the
section that 'sees the ground'. One extremity is the neck; what is the
(b) What are the ramifications of this definition?
(c) What must one do before giving it to the Kohen?
(a) Rav and Shmuel both confine Nikav K'rum shel Mo'ach (which our Mishnah
lists as Tereifah), to the upper membrane (that is attached to the inside of
the skull), even though the soft, lower membrane is still whole.
(b) What Si'man does Rav Shmuel bar Nachmeni give to remind us that the
lower membrane exists, even though it is extremely thin?
(c) Bearing this in mind, what example did Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi
Yehoshua ben Levi present as a means of comparison?
(d) What is the major distinction between the two membranes of the brain and
the two membranes of the testicles?
(a) What is the difference between the Shi'ur?
Answers to questions
(b) How does Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi ... in the name of bar Kaparah, define
the border between the two?
(c) Why does Rebbi Yitzchak bar Nachmeni quoting Rebbi Yehoshua ban Levi,
then cite the two glands that divides between the brain and the spinal cord?
(d) He is not at first sure to which of the two the actual glands pertain.
What does he conclude? On what does he base his onclusion?
(e) What did Rebbi Yirmiyah discover when (presumably for the first time) he
examined a bird?
(a) Our Mishnah includes a hole in the heart that reaches the cavity. Abaye
tries to resolve Rebbi Zeira's She'eilah whether this refers to the large
cavity or to one of the smaller cavities, from a statement by Rabah bar
Tachlifa ... Amar Rav.
What did Rabah bar Tachlifa say regarding Rebbi
Shimon's ruling in our Mishnah 'ad she'Tinakev (ha'Rei'ah) le'Beis
(b) Based on the different Leshonos employed by the Mishnah, on what grounds
does Rebbi Zeira refute Abaye's proof?
(c) Rav renders an animal with the smallest hole in the 'Kaneh ha'Leiv' a
What does Shmuel say?
(d) Rabah bar Yitzchak Amar Rav interprets Kaneh ha'Leiv as the Cheilev on
Why can this not refer to the sides of the animal?
(e) Then what does it refer to?
(a) Ameimar citing Rav Nachman lists three such Kanim that branch off from
the Kaneh after it enters the chest area. One of them runs into the heart,
another into the lungs.
Where does the third one run into?
(b) We just learned that Rav and Shmuel argue over the Shi'ur Tereifus of a
hole in the Kaneh ha'Leiv.
What is the difference between the Shi'ur
Tereifus of a hole in the Kaneh ha'Rei'ah and that of a hole in the Kaneh
ha'Kaved, according to...
(c) What proof do we have that the Halachah is like the first Lashon?
- ... the first Lashon?
- ... the second Lashon?
(a) What was Shmuel's reaction when they first told him of Rav's ruling
regarding a hole in the Kaneh ha'Leiv? How come that Shmuel had been
previously unaware of Rav's opinion?
(b) According to some texts, Shmuel referred to Rav as 'Aba Chaveri' (in
which case, Aba was Rav's name).
Why did Shmuel refer to him by that name,
according to the version that reads just 'Aba'?
(a) Rebbi in a Beraisa, gives the Shi'ur Tereifus of the Chut ha'Shedrah as
What does Rebbi Ya'akov say?
(b) What did Rebbi rule when an animal was brought before him with a spinal
cord that had a hole in it?
(c) How does Rav Huna rule?
(a) Rav Huna interprets 'Rubo' as Rov Oro (the majority of the circumference
of the skin).
What do others say?
(b) What does ...
(c) What did Rav Nasan bar Avin comment when he saw Rav check first for Rov
Oro and then, when he found the skin intact, for Rov Mocho?
- ... the second opinion say about Rov Oro?
- ... the first opinion say about Rov Mocho?
(a) Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi declares an animal
whose spinal cord is either Nismarech or Nismasmes, Tereifah.
What is ...
(b) Why does Rabah bar bar Chanah not just present the case of Nismasmes,
and allow us to extrapolate Mismarech from a 'Kal va'Chomer'?
- ... 'Nismarech'?
- ... 'Nismasmes'?
(c) Rebbi Yirmiyah asks about an animal with a heavy spinal cord, and
remains with a 'Teiku'.
What is his She'eilah?
(d) To which category of Tereifus do the current cases belong (assuming that
they are Tereifah)?
(a) Bei Rav say 'Nismasmes Pasul, Nismazmez Kasher'.
What does 'Nismazmez'
(b) Why do Bei Rav need to repeat 'Nismasmes Pasul'?
(c) How do Bei Rav amend the Beraisa ''Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar Omer
Nismazmez Mochah Tereifah'?
(a) What did Levi comment when he saw someone bang his head violently in the
(b) If according to Bei Rav, he did not mean that the man was Tereifah, what
did he mean?
(c) How for does the spinal cord extend?
(d) Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel explains that the Din Tereifus applies up to the
What are the 'Bein ha'Parshos'?
(e) Where do the first 'Pitzulin' branch off to?
(a) When Rav Dimi bar Yitzchak brought Rav Yehudah a fat goat (Shechted and
cut open) to demonstrate where Bein ha'Parshos was, he was unable to do so.
Why was that? Why would he have had no problem had the goat been a little
(b) Why did Rav Yehudah not simply cut the animal open and show Rav Dimi
what he needed to know on the inside?
(c) What did Rav Dimi bar Yitzchak then do?
(d) What problem did Rav Yehudah still have in showing him the Beis
(a) So he taught him the principle 'ad Achas, Tereifah, Shelishis, Tereifah
... '. What did he mean?
Answers to questions
(b) What did he finally say about 'Sheniyah'?