REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Chulin 101
CHULIN 101-102 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
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(a) We just quoted the Beraisa which discusses someone who ate the Gid
ha'Nasheh of a Beheimah Teme'ah.
What problem do we have with Rebbi
Shimon, who exempts him from Malkos, assuming that he holds ...
(b) We answer that he holds 'Ein be'Gidin be'Nosen Ta'am'.
- ... 'Yesh be'Gidin be'Nosen Ta'am'?
- ... 'Ein be'Gidin be'Nosen Ta'am'?
Then how will
he explain the P'tur from Malkos for having eaten Gid ha'Nasheh (based on
the Pasuk "al-Kein Lo Yochlu B'nei Yisrael es Gid ha'Nasheh")?
(a) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav cites a Machlokes between Rebbi Meir and the
According to Rebbi Meir, someone who eats a Gid ha'Nasheh of a
Neveilah receives two sets of Malkos.
What do the Chachamim say?
(b) For which Isur does he receive Malkos, according to them?
(c) Why, according to Rebbi Meir, does he receive Malkos for Neveilah as
well, even assuming that he holds 'Ein Isur Chal al Isur?
(a) Even the Chachamim will agree, Rav Yehudah adds, that someone who eats
the Gid ha'Nasheh of an Olah or of a Shor ha'Niskal (e.g. that gored a
person to death) receives two sets of Malkos. Why is that?
(b) In what way are Olah and Shor ha'Niskal more stringent?
(c) How does Rava know that the Chachamim will concede that 'Isur Chal al
Isur' by Isur Kollel if it also Chamur?
(d) Who must the Chachamim then be?
(a) In the Mishnah in Zevachim, the Tana Kama declares Chayav Malkos, a
Tamei person who eats Kodesh, irrespective of whether the Kodesh is Tahor or
Tamei. What is a Tahor person Chayav if he eats Tamei Kodshim be'Meizid?
(b) What does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili say?
(c) How do the Rabbanan query Rebbi Yossi Hagelili?
(d) What do we comment on their query?
(a) Rava explains that in fact, Rebbi Yossi Hagelili will agree that in the
case cited by the Rabbanan, the Tamei person is Chayav.
Why is that?
(b) Then in which case does he render him Patur?
(c) Seeing as we hold 'Ein Isur Chal al Isur', why do the Rabbanan render
him Chayav, even though the Tum'as Basar came first?
(d) And what does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili hold?
(a) Based on what we just learned, what is the problem with Rebbi Yossi
Hageleili's current ruling? Why should the sinner be Chayav anyway?
Answers to questions
(b) On what grounds do we refute this Kashya? What Chumra does Tum'as Basar
possess over Tum'as ha'Guf?
(a) According to Rebbi Shimon in a Beraisa (quoted in Shevu'os), someone who
eats Neveilah on Yom Kipur be'Shogeg is Patur from a Chatas. How does that
explain why Rav Yehudah Amar Rav cannot be speaking according to him?
(b) The Beraisa discusses someone who performed be'Shogeg, a Melachah on Yom
Kipur that falls on Shabbos. According to Rebbi Akiva, he is Chayav one
Korban (see Tosfos DH 'Rebbi Akiva').
What does Rebbi Yossi Hagelili say,
based on the Pesukim in Emor "Shabbos Hi" and "Yom ha'Kipurim Hu"?
(c) What makes ...
(d) Why is it important to know this, according to Rebbi Yossi Hagelili? Why
would one not be Chayav two Chata'os anyway, since they both take effect
be'Vas Achas (Isur Bas Achas)?
- ... Shabbos an Isur Mosif compared to Yom Kipur?
- ... Yom Kipur an Isur Kolel compared to Shabbos?
(a) What Kashya does this Beraisa now pose on our previous interpretation of
Rebbi Yossi Hagelili?
(b) Ravin quoting Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina inverts the opinions (so that
Rebbi Yossi Hagelili is only Mechayav one Korban).
How else might he have
solved the problem?
(c) On what grounds might we alternatively have explained that the Isur of
Shabbos precedes that of Yom Kipur, and Rebbi Yossi Hagelili is Mechayav two
Chata'os because Yom Kipur is an Isur Kolel?
(d) And on what grounds do we reject this explanation?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan is quoted as saying that according to Ravin's amendment
in the Beraisa, if someone performed a Melachah with Shigegas Shabbos and
Zadon Yom ha'Kipurim, according to Rebbi Yossi Hagelili, he will be Chayav a
What does he say in the reverse case?
(b) How does Abaye explain this? On what grounds does he hold that when
Rebbi Yossi Hagelili ruled 'Eino Chayav Ela Achas', he meant because of
(c) Why is he then Patur if he was Shogeg on Yom Kipur and Meizid on
(d) Why does Rava disagree with Abaye's explanation?
(a) Why did they do that? What happened that year?
(b) What does this have to do with Rebbi Yossi Hagelili?
(c) How does this explain Rebbi Yochanan?
(d) What did Ravin say when he arrived from Eretz Yisrael?
(a) What do the Chachamim in a Beraisa prove from the fact that the Torah
writes in Vayishlach "al-Kein Lo Yochlu B'nei Yisrael es Gid ha'Nasheh",
rather than "B'nei Ya'akov"?
(b) How will we reconcile the Rabbanan with the Pasuk in Vayigash (in
connection with Ya'akov and his family going down to Egypt) cited by Rava
"Vayis'u *B'nei Yisrael* es Ya'akov Avihem"?
(c) Rav Acha b'rei de'Rava asked Rav Ashi why the Gid ha'Nasheh did not then
become prohibited from that time on.
So what if it had been? What is his
(d) What did Rav Ashi reply?
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Elazar in a Beraisa, Eiver min
ha'Chai applies to Beheimah, Chayah and Of, both Teme'in and Tehorin. What
do the Chachamim say?
Answers to questions
(b) Rebbi Yochanan explains that both opinions derive their rulings from the
same Pasuk in Re'ei, "Rak Chazak Levilti Achol ha'Dam, ki ha'Dam Hu
ha'Nefesh, ve'Lo Sochal ha'Nefesh im ha'Basar".
Which part of this Pasuk
pertains to Eiver min ha'Chai?
(c) What do ...
- ... Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Elazar learn from "Rak Chazak Levilti Achol ha'Dam ... ve'Lo Sochal ha'Nefesh im ha'Basar"?
- ... the Rabbanan learn from "ve'Lo Sochal ha'Nefesh im ha'Basar"?