REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Chulin 134
(a) How do we reconcile the ruling in our Mishnah 've'Im Amar Chutz min
ha'Matanos, Patur min ha'Matanos' with the Beraisa 'al-M'nas she'ha'Matanos
she'Li, Nosen le'Chol Kohen she'Yirtzeh'? What is the difference between
'Chutz' and 'al-M'nas'?
(b) And how will we reconcile this Beraisa with another Beraisa 'al-M'nas
she'ha'Matanos she'Li, ha'Matanos she'Lo'?
(c) We learned in the Seifa of our Mishnah 'Lakchan Heimenu be'Mishkal,
Nosnan le'Kohen u'Menakeh Lo min ha'Damim'.
How does Rav qualify this
ruling? Why do we not apply here the Halchah that we learned earlier 'ha'Din
(d) In which case would he go straight to the Tabach?
(a) Rav Asi disagrees with Rav.
What does he say?
(b) We suggest that Rav and Rav Asi argue over a ruling of Rav Chisda.
What does Rav Chisda say about a case where Shimon eats something that
Reuven stole, before the owner has been Meya'esh (despaired of retrieving
(c) How would each opinion then hold?
(d) We reject this suggestion however, on the assumption that both opinions
hold like Rav Chisda.
In that case, what is the basis of their Machlokes?
(e) How does the second Lashon present their Machlokes?
(a) What does our Mishnah rule with regard to a Ger who converted, and who
owned a cow that he Shechted ...
(b) What does the Tana rule in a case where the Ger is not sure when he
- ... before he converted?
- ... after he converted?
(a) When Rav Dimi arrived from Eretz Yisrael, he cited Resh Lakish's Kashya
on our Mishnah from a Mishnah in Pe'ah. Firstly, he rules that any grains
of corn that one finds in the ant-holes that are situated in the middle of
the standing corn belong to the owner. Why is that?
(b) What does the Tana say about grain in the ant-hills that are behind the
(c) The discrepancy with our Mishnah however, lies in the Seifa, where Rebbi
Meir rules 'ha'Kol la'Aniyim'.
Why does he say that?
(d) Why does Resh Lakish ask from Rebbi Meir (seeing as the Rabbanan
disagree with him)?
(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan reply? What did he mean when he said 'Al
(b) And he supported his answer with a Beraisa.
What did Rebbi Yehudah ben
Agra quoting Rebbi Meir say about Safek Leket, Shikchah and Pe'ah?
(c) On what grounds did Resh Lakish not accept Rebbi Yochanan's answer? What
did he mean when he said 'Al Teshaneh Osah Ela be'Lashon ben Tadel'?
(a) And Resh Lakish himself based this on a Pasuk in Tehilim "Ani va'Rash
Why can this not mean that one must always give the poor man
right in a Din-Torah?
(b) Then what does the Pasuk mean?
(a) How does Rava distinguish between the case of Matanos and that of Pe'ah,
to resolve the discrepancy?
(b) Abaye queries Rava however, from a Mishnah in Chalah.
What does the
Mishnah in Chalah rule regarding a case where a Ger is not sure whether the
dough that he made, he made before he converted or afterwards?
(c) How does Rava reconcile the Mishnah in Chalah with our Mishnah (seeing
as there too, just like in our Mishnah, he has a Chezkas P'tur)?
(d) Rav Chisda (who is supported by a Beraisa learned by Rebbi Chiya) cites
four cases of Safek Isur le'Chumra, and four cases of Safek Isur le'Kula.
First on the list of le'Chumra is 'Korban Ishto'.
What is the case?
(a) What do all eight cases have in common? Why did the Tana list these
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(b) Together with Chalah, we now have two of the cases le'Chumra.
the other two?
(c) What is the problem, and what is the procedure in the case of ...
(d) Two of the cases le'Kula are Matanos and Reishis ha'Gez. Which are the
- ... 'Korban Ishto' (which involves Safek Chulin la'Azarah)?
- ... 'Bechor Beheimah Tehorah'?
- ... 'Bechor Beheimah Temei'ah'?
(e) When Ravin arrived from Eretz Yisrael, he cited Resh Lakish's Kashya
(from Safek Kamah) to Rebbi Yochanan differently. According to him, there is
no room for any answer other than the one that Rebbi gave him.
What did he
(a) Which Pasuk did Rav Sheishes quote Levi, when the latter once sowed his
crops in Kishar, and there were no poor to take Leket, Shikchah and Pe'ah?
(b) What does the Beraisa say about ...
(c) How do we initially reconcile Rav Sheishes with this Beraisa? What
makes Terumah different?
- ... transporting Terumah from the barn or from the desert to the city?
- ... the same case, but where there is no Kohen in the area of the barn or the desert?
(a) Another Beraisa discusses Matanos.
What does the Tana say about
(b) And what does he say about the Matanos in a place where there are no
- ... the Zero'a before giving it to the Kohen? When is this forbidden?
- ... the Rosh and the Lechi?
(c) Matanos are not subject to Tevel, as we have already learned, yet the
owner is obligated to recompense the Kohen.
How do we now reconcile Rav
Sheishes with this Beraisa? What makes Matnos Aniyim different than Matanos?
(d) As a result, what do we now conclude with regard to the initial Kashya
on Rav Sheishes from Terumah?
(a) From the extra "Ta'azov" written by Matnos Aniyim, we learn the Halachah
taught by the Beraisa 'ha'Mafkir es Karmo ... '.
(b) What does the Tana say there about Ma'asros?
(c) What problem do we have with Rebbi Ami, who acquired a sack of gold
coins that was sent to the Beis-Hamedrash for the Talmidim?
(d) How do we initially solve the problem?
(a) Alternatively, Rebbi Ami took the coins for himself, yet there was no
(b) And we learn this from the Pasuk in Emor "ve'ha'Kohen ha'Gadol
What does this Pasuk teach us?
(c) What does Acherim extrapolate from the Pasuk, regarding a case where the
Kohen Gadol is not wealthy?
(d) How does he learn it from there?
(a) How does our Mishnah define ...
(b) What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
- ... "Zero'a"? How many bones does this incorporate?
- ... "Zero'a Besheilah" of Nazir?
- ... "Shok" of Shelamim?
(c) "Lechayayim" includes both the upper and lower jaws.
What else does it
incorporate, besides the tongue?
(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the 'Hey' in "ha'Zero'a"? How do we
(b) What do we then learn from the 'Hey' in ...
(c) What did Rebbi Yehoshua (or Rebbi Yehudah) say about the latter?
- ... "ha'Lechayayim?
- ... "ha'Keivah"?
(d) What do we prove from there?
(a) What do the Dorshei Chamuros (Darshanim) say with regard to the Zero'a,
the Lechayayim and the Keivah? To what does each of them hint?
(b) The Pasuk writes in Tzav "ve'es Shok ha'Yamin Titnu Terumah la'Kohen",
teaching us that it is the right Shok of Shelamim that goes to the Kohen.
What does the Beraisa learn from ...
- ... "Titnu"?
- ... "Terumah"?
(a) How do we reconcile the Beraisa, which includes the Beis-ha'Shechitah in
the Matanos, with our Mishnah, which lists only the Pikah?
***** Hadran Alach 'ha'Zero'a veha'Lechayayim *****
(b) Alternatively, we establish both the Mishnah and the Beraisa according
to the Rabbanan.
What do they then mean when they refer to
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