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41b1) HALACHAH: A FAST THAT OCCURS ON FRIDAY
OPINIONS: The Gemara discusses whether a fast that occurs on Friday is observed in its entirety, until nightfall when Shabbos enters, or whether a person should eat before the end of the fast in order not to enter Shabbos while very hungry. The Gemara concludes that one completes the entire fast. What is the Halachah?2) HALACHAH: GOING TO THE BATHROOM IN PUBLIC(a) TOSFOS RABEINU PERETZ and other Rishonim explain that the Gemara does not mean that one is *obligated* to fast the entire day on Friday. Rather, it means that it is *permitted* to fast the entire day. However, l'Chatchilah, it is better to eat before Shabbos enters. Tosfos Rabeinu Peretz relates that the RI actually did eat on Asarah b'Teves when it occurred on Friday (Asarah b'Teves is the only fast that can occur on Friday according to our fixed calendar). The TUR (OC 249) cites this opinion.HALACHAH: The REMA (OC 249) rules like the opinion of the Maharil, opinion (c).
OPINIONS: Rabah rules that one who left his Techum of 2000 Amos and was thus restricted to an area of four Amos, may leave his four Amos if he has to relieve himself. The reason is because Kavod ha'Beriyos, human honor, overrides the commandment not to disobey the Rabanan. The Gemara adds that if he is clever, he will take advantage of being permitted to go beyond four Amos and walk all the way back to his Techum. In what situation does this allowance to leave four Amos to go to the bathroom apply?Next daf(a) The ROSH cites RABEINU YEHUDAH BARCELONI who says that the Gemara's permit to leave one's four Amos does *not* apply to one who needs to urinate. It only applies to one who needs to defecate. His reason is because the Gemara in Bechoros (47b) says that "people urinate in public," and thus it is not considered embarrassing to do so and there is no concern for Kavod ha'Beriyos. (Even though his four Amos will be dirtied with his urine, that is not reason enough to permit him to move since the urine will soon be absorbed into the ground and dry.) The ROSH concurs with Rabeinu Yehudah Barceloni and concludes that the permit to leave one's four Amos does *not* apply to one who needs to urinate.HALACHAH: Regarding leaving one's four Amos to urinate, the SHULCHAN ARUCH (OC 406) brings both opinions, and the MISHNAH BERURAH (406:9) writes that one should follow the more stringent opinion (and not leave his four Amos in order to urinate).
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