REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous dafEruvin 53
ERUVIN 53 - dedicated by Benjie Gerstman and family in honor of the Lomdei
(a) What are the two possible descriptions of the Me'oras ha'Machpeilah, and
what are the corresponding interpretations of the word Machpeilah?
(b) Chevron is otherwise known as Kiryas Arba..
Why is it called by that
(c) Nimrod and Amrafel were one and the same person. If his real name was
(d) Some say that "va'Yakam Melech Chadash al Mitzra'im" (in Shmos) must
not be taken literally. What then, does it mean, and what prompts them to
learn like that?
- ... Nimrod, then why was he called 'Amrafel'?
- ... Amrafel, then why was he called 'Nimrod'?
(a) What is the one Chidush (regarding 'Keitzad Me'abrin' in our Mishnah)
that Rebbi Yochanan learnt from Rebbi Oshaya in the eighteen days that he
learnt by him?
(b) Why did he not learn more from him?
Was it because he was not such an
outstanding Talmid-Chacham? In which respect did he compare him to Rebbi
(c) He did however, learn something from his disciples.
What was it?
(d) If we take Rebbi Yochanan's word literally, he might even have learnt
quite a lot from Rebbi Oshaya.
How is this possible?
(a) What did Rebbi Yochanan mean to say, when he related how they would sit
in front of him 'four to an Amah'?
(b) About whom did Rebbi give similar testimony?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan maintained that the heart of the early Rebbe Tana'im was
as wide as the entrance of the Ulam (twenty Amos), and that of the later
Tana'im, like that of the Heichal (six Amos). By earlier and later he may
have been referring to Rebbi Elazar ben Shamua and Rebbi Oshaya,
What is the alternative explanation?
(b) To what did he then compare his own heart?
(c) How did Abaye continue the sequence with regard to his own ability to
(d) Rava and Rav Ashi concluded the sequence regarding Sevara, and Rav Ashi
with regard to forgetting what he had learnt.
To what did they compare
(a) The Gemara attributes the B'nei Yehudah's success in retaining their
Torah-learning (as opposed to the B'nei Galil, who did not succeed), to the
fact that they would be careful to revise whatever they learnt from their
Rebbes with the exact same wording as they had been taught, and to the fact
that they would always make signs by which to remember it.
Answers to questions
To which other
two points can their success be ascribed?
(b) Who else had a similar edge over his predecessor (and father-in-law)?
(a) We learnt earlier that the B'nei Yehudah were precise in their speech.
How is that reflected in that Ben Yehudah, who described the cloak he wanted
to sell as the color of 'Teradin Alei Adamah'?
(b) And why did they call that Galilean, who announced 'Imar le'Ma'an', a
fool? Which four things might he have been referring to?
(c) What was Rebbi's maidservant hin ting when she said to the Talmidim ...
- ... that there was no more wine left in the barrel?
- ... that they could open a fresh barrel in which the wine was floating like a ship in the ocean?
(a) What did Rebbi Yossi ben Asi'an mean when he asked ...
(b) What did Rebbi Avahu mean when he said 'Asrigu li'Pechamin, Arki'u
li'Zehavin, va'Asu Li Sh'nei Magidei ba'Alatah'?
- ... for 'an ox in judgement on a poor mountain'?
- ... 'Gevar Pum Dein Chai Mah Zu Tovah Yesh'?
(c) Rebbi Avahu told the Talmidim who were looking for Rebbi Ila'i 'Alatz
be'Na'arah Aharonis, Achoranis, Iranis, ve'Hin'iraso'.
What did he mean
(according to the Gemara's first and second interpretations respectively)?
(d) And what did Rebbi Ila'i mean when he told the Talmidim who were looking
for Rebbi Avahu 'Nisya'etz ba'Machtir, ve'Higniv li'Mefivoshes'?
(a) Rebbi Yehoshua was a public figure, yet only three people in his whole
lifetime outsmarted him (verbally): a woman, a young girl and a young boy.
What were the three incidents?
(b) What was Rebbi Yehoshua's reaction to the young boy's sharpness?
(a) What did Rebbi Yossi ha'Gelili ask Beruri'ah when he met her on the
road, and what did she respond?
Answers to questions
(b) What did Beruri'ah do to that Talmid who was learning silently?
(c) What happened to the disciple of Rebbi Eliezer who used to learn
(d) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "Ki Chayim Hem
le'Motz'eihem*, u'le'Chol Besaro Marpei"?