POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Gitin 57
GITIN 56 & 57 - Anonymously dedicated by an ardent supporter who wants the
Zechus of spreading Torah throughout the world.
1) THE DESTRUCTION OF TUR MALKA
(a) Tur Malka was destroyed on account of a rooster and a hen
- the custom was to bring a rooster and a hen in front of
a groom and bride, so they should be fruitful as
2) STORIES OF THE VILLAGE OF SICHNIYA, OF MITZRAYIM
1. Once a Roman troop took the rooster and hen; the
Jews hit them. The troop told the Kaiser that the
Jews were rebelling; he brought an army against
(b) The southerner went to the bathroom; a snake dislocated
his anus, and he died.
2. There was a Yisrael from the south that could leap a
Mil (kilometer) and kill soldiers. The Kaiser put
his crown on the ground.
3. Kaiser: Master of the whole world - please do not
hand over my kingdom and me to one man.
4. The southerner spoke improperly - he said "Hash-m,
have You not abandoned us, You do not go in our
i. Objection: David also said that!
ii. Answer: David said it in wonderment.
(c) Kaiser: Since Hash-m did a miracle for me, I will leave
(d) The Jews ate, drank and made a great bonfire - 1 Mil
away, one could see the image on a coin from its light.
(e) Kaiser: They are mocking me!
1. He returned to attack them.
(f) (Rav Asi): 300,000 sword bearing soldiers came upon Tur
Malka; they killed for 3 days and 3 nights. On the other
side of Tur Malka, they were singing and dancing, unaware
of what was happening.
(g) (Ravin): "Hash-m swallowed, He did not have compassion,
all the beautiful places of Yakov" - These are 600,000
cities than Yanai the king had in Har ha'Melech;
(h) Each city had 600,000 inhabitants; the following 3 had
1. The village of Bish (shame) - they would not give
lodging to a guest.
(i) (Ula): I saw Har ha'Melech - it cannot hold even 600,000
2. The village of Shichlayim (cress) - their income
came from cress.
3. The village of Dichriya (male).
i. (R. Yochanan): A woman would first have males,
then a daughter, and would not conceive again.
1. A heretic: You (Chachamim) lie!
2. R. Chanina: Eretz Yisrael is called "The land of the
i. Just as a deer's skin cannot cover the flesh
once it has been flayed, Eretz Yisrael is
expansive when Yisrael dwells on it, and
shrivels when we are not on it.
(a) A man and woman were engaged; they were captured by a
Nochri, who married them to each other.
3) THE DESTRUCTION OF BEITAR
1. The wife: Please don't touch me - I don't have a
Kesuvah from you.
(b) She told the eulogizers: he overcame a harder test than
i. He didn't touch her his entire life.
1. Yosef was only tested once - my husband was tested
(c) The price (of grain) used to be 1 Dinar for 40 measures;
it went up to 1 Dinar for 39 measures.
2. Yosef was not in the same bed as Potifar's wife - my
husband was in the same bed as me!
3. Yosef was tempted by someone he was not married to -
my husband had to refrain from touching his wife!
1. They investigated the cause; it was found that a
father and son had raped a betrothed Na'arah. They
were stoned in Beis Din, and the price returned to
the normal level.
(d) A man once decided to divorce his wife, but her Kesuvah
was great, and he did not want to pay it.
1. He gave his wife and a close friend to eat and
drink, until they were drunk; he lied them down on a
bed, and put egg white on the sheet between them. He
took them to Beis Din.
(e) Question (Abaye): If they were such Tzadikim - why was
the city destroyed?
2. Bava Ben Buta, a Talmid of Shamai: Shamai taught -
if one puts a fire near egg white, it forms a crust;
a fire near semen will make it get more absorbed in
i. They tested the sheet, and realized what
happened; they whipped the (ex-)husband, and
forced him to pay the Kesuvah.
(f) Answer (Rav Yosef): They did not mourn over Yerushalayim
- "Make Yerushalayim glad, rejoice in it; all who love
it, all that mourned over it will rejoice with it".
(a) Beitar was destroyed on account of a carriage wheel.
1. The custom was to plant a cedar tree when a boy was
born, and a & for a girl; when they got married,
they would cut the trees to make the canopy.
(b) (R. Zeira): "In (Hash-m's) anger, he cut down the horn
(greatness) of Yisrael" - 80,000 horn-blowing troop
leaders that entered Beitar when they conquered it.
2. One day, Kaiser's daughter was riding; the wheel of
the carriage broke. They cut down a cedar to fix it;
the Jews struck them. The told the Kaiser that the
Jews were rebelling.
1. They killed men, women and children, until the blood
flowed into the Meditaranian Sea.
(c) (Beraisa - R. Eliezer ha'Gadol): There are 2 rivers in
the valley called Yadayim; they flow in different
directions. They measured - 2/3 of the flow was water;
1/3 was blood of those killed in Beitar.
i. This was 1 Mil (kilometer) away!
(d) (Beraisa): The blood sufficed to fertilize the vineyards
of the Nochrim for 7 years.
4) ATROCITIES IN YERUSHALAYIM
(a) (R. Chiya Bar Avin): In 1 valley, Nevuzaradan, the chief
butcher, killed 2,110,000 people.
5) CAPTIVES THAT GAVE THEIR LIVES TO AVOID SINNING
(b) In Yerushalayim, he killed 940,000 on 1 rock, until their
blood touched the blood of Zecharyah - "Bloods touched
1. Nevuzaradan had seen Zecharyah's blood boiling; he
asked what it was.
(c) Nevuzaradan tested this; he found that it did not
resemble the seething blood.
2. Jews: It is blood of sacrifices that was spilled.
1. Nevuzaradan: If you do not tell me, I will tear your
skin with iron combs!
(d) He slaughtered the great and smaller Sanhedrins by the
blood; it did not rest. He slaughtered male and female
youths; the blood did not rest. He slaughtered children
that learn from a Rebbi; it did not rest.
2. Jews: There was a prophet that rebuked us on
spiritual matters. We killed him; his blood has been
boiling all these years.
3. Nevuzaradan: I will appease the blood.
1. Nevuzaradan: Zecharyah - I have slaughtered the best
among them - would you like me to slaughter them
(e) Nevuzaradan repented. He reasoned: if this was the
punishment for killing 1 person - how much greater will
be my punishment, after I killed so many!
2. The blood rested.
1. He sent a message to his home, what to do with his
estate, and he converted.
(f) "I will put the blood on the smooth rock, that it will
not be covered" - this is the blood of Zecharyah.
2. (Beraisa): Na'aman was a Ger Toshav (a Nochri that
keeps his 7 Mitzvos and may live in Eretz Yisrael);
Nevuzaradan was a convert; Haman's grandchildren
taught Torah in Benei Berak; Sisera's grandchildren
taught children in Yerushalayim; Sancheriv's
grandchildren taught Torah in public.
3. Question: Who were these descendants of Sancheriv?
4. Answer: Shemayah and Avtalyon.
(g) "The voice is the voice of Yakov, the hands are the hands
of Esav" - "The voice" refers to (the victims of)
Adrayainus Kaiser, who killed 1,200,000 in Aleksandriya
1. "The voice of Yakov" is Aspasyainus Kaiser, who
killed 4,000,000 in Beitar; some say, 40,000,000;
(h) Alternatively: "The voice is the voice of Yakov" - prayer
only works for those that descend from Yakov;
2. "The hands are the hands of Esav" - this is the evil
kingdom that destroyed our house, burned our
Heichal, and exiled us from our land.
1. "The hands are the hands of Esav" - Conquest in war
only comes to descendants of Esav.
(i) From the story of Kamtza and Bar Kamtza, we learn as R.
1. (R. Elazar): "By evil speech, you should hide" - by
quarrelsome speech, hide.
(j) (Rav Yehudah): "By the rivers of Bavel we sat and cried
when we remembered Tziyon" - this teaches that Hash-m
showed David (who wrote the Psalms) the destruction of
1. "By the rivers of Bavel we sat and cried" - this
teaches that David saw the destruction of the first
2. "Hash-m, remember the sons of Edom, the day of (the
destruction of) Yerushalayim, when they said "Raze,
raze it to the foundations".
(a) (Rav Yehudah citing Shmuel): There was a boat with 400
boys and girls that were being taken for sexual
exploitation; they realized this.
1. The girls: If we drown ourselves in the sea (to
avoid this), will we come to the world to come?
(b) Opinion #2 (Rav Yehudah himself): This verse refers to a
woman and her 7 children.
2. The oldest boy: Yes - "(Hash-m) will return from the
depths of the sea".
i. Upon hearing the answer, the girls jumped into
3. The boys made a Kal va'Chomer: it was proper for the
girls to take their own lives, to avoid heterosexual
exploitation, which is a 'natural' abomination;
i. We are being taken for homosexual exploitation,
an unnatural abomination - all the more so, we
should take our own lives to avoid this!
4. The boys jumped into the sea, fulfilling "For you we
are killed all the day, we are as sheep to be
1. The first child was brought before the Kaiser; he
was told to serve an idol.
(c) Opinion #3 (R. Yehoshua ben Levi): ("We are killed for
you all the day") refers to circumcision, which we do on
the eighth day (and sometimes die from it).
2. The child: I will not serve - the Torah says, "I am
Hash-m your G-d" - he was killed.
3. The second child was brought; he was told to serve
4. The child: I will not serve - the Torah says, "You
will not have other gods in front of me" - he was
5. The third child was brought. He refused, citing "One
who sacrifices to (the other, false) gods will be
killed" - he was killed.
6. The fourth child was brought. He refused, citing
"You will not bow to another god" - he was killed.
7. The fifth child was brought. He refused, citing
"Shma Yisrael, Hash-m is our G-d, Hash-m is One" -
he was killed.
8. The sixth child was brought. He refused, citing
"Hash-m is One in Heaven above and on the land
below" - he was killed.
9. The seventh child was brought. He refused, citing
"You have designated Hash-m...Hash-m has designated
you" - we swore to Hash-m that we will not serve
another god in place of Him, and He swore to us that
He will not exchange us (to have his closest
connection) to another people.
10. The Kaiser: I will throw my ring with my image
engraved in it - bow down and pick it up, so it will
appear as if you accept my authority.
11. The child: Woe to you! You are so concerned for your
honor - how much more I must be concerned for the
honor of Hash-m!
i. As they took him to be killed, his mother asked
to kiss him first. She told him to give a
message to Avraham (in the next world): You
tied a son on 1 altar to sacrifice him - I tied
sons on 7 altars.
ii. She went up to the roof and fell to her death.
A voice from Heaven proclaimed "Happy is the
mother of children".
(d) Opinion #4 (Reish Lakish): It refers to Chachamim that
demonstrate slaughter on themselves (for this can prompt
1. (Rava): A person may demonstrate anything on
himself, except for slaughter and Tzara'as.
(e) Opinion #5 (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): The verse refers
to Chachamim that give their lives for learning.
1. (Reish Lakish): "This is the Torah - a man that will
die in a tent" - words of Torah only last in someone
that kills himself for them.