ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Gitin 68
GITIN 68 & 69 - Sponsored by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel and his wife, Jeri Turkel.
May Hashem bless them with many years of Simcha, health and fulfillment, and
may they see all of their children and grandchildren follow them in the ways
of Torah and Yir'as Shamayim!
(a) The servants of the Resh Galusa insinuated that Rav Sheishes might have
stolen a silver goblet that had gone 'missing' - because they saw him
wrapping up his portion of meat, and they wanted an excuse to discover it
and accuse him of coming to make trouble.
(b) When they found it and did just that he replied - that he had declined
to eat the meat because it came from a leprous animal.
(c) When Rav Sheishes told them to examine the animal (despite their
insistance that they had not Shechted a leprous animal that day), they
discovered - a leprous mark on its skin (either a pale mark on a dark
animal, or a dark mark on a pale one).
(d) The servants made one last effort to get rid of Rav Sheishes - by
digging a deep pit which they covered with a mat (for him to fall into), en
route to his bedroom.
(a) The significance of the Pasuk "Netei Lach al Yeminech O al Semolech"
is - that this is the Pasuk that the children quoted him when, suspecting
that they were up to their tricks again, he asked for their Pasuk (which
usually serves as a form of prophecy).
(b) It seems that he intended to ask the children for their Pasuk anyway, as
we just explained. Added to that, there was Rav Chisda's warning 'cough'.
(a) When Shlomoh ha'Melech said "Asisi Li ...
1. ... Sharim ve'Sharos" - he was referring to a variety of musical
instruments on which players used to play for him.
(b) In Bavel, they translated "Shidah ve'Shidos" as male and female demons.
In Eretz Yisrael, they explained "ve'Shidos" - as luxurious wagons in which
women and princes would ride.
2. ... ve'Ta'anugos B'nei Adam" - to pools and bath-houses.
(c) Rebbi Yochanan did not know what 'Shidah' was (or he knew that it
referred to the mother of the demons, but did not know what she looked
like). According to Rebbi Yochanan's testimony - there were three hundred
different kinds of demons in Shichin.
(a) Shlomoh gathered the demons - following the advice of the Chachamim's
who, after telling him that he would require the Shamir worm to cut the
stones of the Beis Hamikdash without tools, and that the demons might be
able to help him locate it.
(b) The demons personally were unable to tell him what he wanted to know.
The information he 'forced' out of them was - that Ahsmedai their king was
likely to know more than they did, as well as showing him where he lived.
(c) Ashmedai used to protect himself from being poisoned or taken captive -
by drinking water only from a pool in a cave which he kept locked and
sealed. During the day he would study in the Yeshivah shel Ma'alah. Upon his
return to earth each evening, he would first inspect the seal to his cave
before entering. Then he would enter and drink from the pool.
(d) Benayahu ben Yehoyadah outwitted him by drilling a hole underneath the
pool and draining the water. Then, after stopping up the hole with shearings
of wool that Shlomoh had supplied him with, he drilled a hole in the rock
above the pool, into which he poured wine from the flasks that the King had
provided. Ashmedai, although at first suspicious of the potent taste of the
'water' in the pool, eventually drank the wine and became drunk, upon which,
Benayahu entered the cave, placed the chain around his neck and attached the
ring with Name of Hashem on it (which prevented Ahsmedai from struggling to
(a) A widow implored Ashmedai to move away from her hut - after she saw how
he had just knocked down a tree and a house, merely by touching them.
(b) The significance of the Pasuk "ve'Lashon Rakah Teshaber Garem" is - that
the widow's soft words caused Ashmedai to comply, and, as he bent to try and
avoid touching her hut, he broke one of his bones.
(c) Ashmedai ...
1. ... helped first a blind man and then a drunken man, to find his way -
because in heaven, they announced that the first was a complete Tzadik, and
that whoever helped him would merit reward in the World to Come, and the
second one, was a complete Rasha, who had to receive all the reward for his
good deeds in this world, in order to deprive him of reward in the World to
2. ... cried when he saw the revelers at a wedding in progress - because he
knew that the Chasan was destined to die within thirty days, and the poor
widow would have to wait thirteen for her new-born brother-in-law to grow-up
before he would be able to perform Yibum.
3. ... laughed when he heard a man ask a cobbler for shoes that would last
for seven years - because it was absurd for a man who does not know whether
he will survive seven days, to order shoes that will last for seven years.
4. ... laughed when he saw a sorcerer
in action - because here was a man purportedly foretelling what would happen
far and wide, and he did not even know that he was sitting on top of a vast
(a) Ashmedai had to wait - three days before he was brought before Shlomoh
(b) Shlomoh did not see him on the first day - because he had drunk too much
(c) He was hinting, when ...
1. ... on the first day, he took one brick and placed it on top of another
one - that they should give the king more wine.
2. ... on the second day, he removed the top brick and placed it on the
floor - that, seeing as the king was unable to see him because he had had
too much to eat, they should withhold food from him.
3. ... on the third day, when he finally stood before the king, he placed a
cane four Amos long, in front of him - that, considering that ultimately, a
person only ends up with four Amos of earth in this world, why was Shlomoh
not satisfied with the fact that he had captured the entire world? Why did
he see fit to capture him, too?
(a) The Shamir was placed under the jurisdiction of the angel in charge of
the sea, who in turn placed it in the charge of the Tarnegol ha'Bar (the
hoopoe), who swore that he would return it to him intact.
(b) The hoopoe took the Shamir to - mountainous, uninhabited country.
(c) The ...
1. ... hoopoe settled the Shamir there - by holding it above a rock, and
leaving it in the split after it had split it (which also explains why the
Shamir became known as 'Nagar Tura' - [bores holes in mountains]).
2. ... Shamir was able to survive in such country - by virtue of the fact
that as soon as the split was made, the hoopoe brought seeds and planted
them there, turning it into a habitable area (presumably ensuring at the
same time, that the Shamir would not (could not) run away.
(a) Shlomoh's emissaries captured the Shamir worm - by placing a pane of
glass over the hoopoe's nest, thereby preventing the hoopoe from gaining
access to its young. Then, when it went to fetch the Shamir to split the
glass, they frightened it away by making a noise. They had no problem with
then taking it.
(b) The hoopoe commit suicide - because it had broken its oath to the angel
of the sea.
(a) Shlomoh retained Ashmedai - until he had finished building the Beis
(b) Describing Hashem's supremacy over all the super-beings, Bil'am said
"ke'So'afos Re'eim Lo". When he said ...
1. ... "ke'So'afos" - he was referring to the angels.
(c) Ashmedai tricked Shlomoh into removing the chain and handing him the
ring - by responding to Shlomoh's question 'In which way were the demons
superior?', by telling him that he would give him a demonstration once he
did that (since they limited his powers).
2. ... "Re'eim (Lo)" - he was referring to the demons.
(d) He then proceeded to keep his word, by first swallowing Shlomoh (some
say the ring), and then, after placing one of his wings in the heaven and
the other on earth, he spat him a distance of four hundred Parsah (sixteen
hundred Mil [= kilometers]).
(a) After losing his kingdom to Ashmedai, who now took over his throne,
Shlomoh quoted the Pasuk in Koheles "Mah Yisron la'Adam be'Chol Amalo ... ".
He quoted the Pasuk ...
1. ... "*ve'Zeh* Hayah Chelki mi'Kol Amali" - in connection with his stick
(others say to the clothes that he was wearing or to his earthenware
drinking-cup), which is all that he retained from all his vast wealth.
(b) The Sanhedrin tended to believe him - because someone who is demented
does not normally confine his madness to one area only (and Shlomoh appeared
perfectly normal in all other areas of human relations).
2. ... "Ani Koheles Hayisi Melech al Yisrael bi'Yerushalayim" - wherever he
went, in an effort to convince the people that he was really Shlomoh
Hamelech, and that the current incumbent of the Throne was an impostor.
(c) Benayahu could do nothing to ascertain who was sitting on the throne,
because the king was currently not calling him. The Sanhedrin initially
asked the queens to examine whether he was Shlomoh or Ashmedai - by
examining his feet whenever he was intimate with them [and demons have
chicken's feet]), but they were unable to do this, because Ashmedai always
made sure to keep them well-covered.
(d) The queens were however, able to report - that the king was demanding to
have relations with them even when they were Nidos, and that he had even
accosted Bas-Sheva (Shlomoh's mother)!
(a) What caused Ashmedai to fly away and leave the throne for Shlomoh to
retake - was the fact that the Sanhedrin returned him his chain and ring
(see Agados Maharsha DH 'Amru lei li'Benayahu') See also b.
(b) The Pasuk "Hinei Mitaso shel Shlomoh, Shishim Giborim Saviv Lah ... " -
demonstrates Shlomoh's fear of Ashmedai, in spite of the fact that Ashmedai,
himself terrified of the chain and the ring, flew away as soon as Shlomoh
entered the room.
(c) Rav and Shmuel argue whether Shlomoh was 'Melech ve'Hedyot' or 'Melech
ve'Hedyot u'Melech' - over the upper worlds. He definitely returned to the
throne to rule over this world.
(a) To cure a headache caused by blood, one needs 'Shurbina' (a kind of
cedar-wood), willow, wet myrtle, olive-wood and poplar, cloves and a herb
called Yavla. After boiling them, one places three hundred cupfuls of the
cupfuls on one side of the head, and three hundred cupfulls on the other
(b) The alternative is to take a white rose that grows in single stalks -
boils it, and places sixty cupfuls on one side of the head and sixty cupfuls
on the other side.
(a) For someone with half a headache, the cure begins with Shechting a
hoopoe - with a Dinar made of pure silver, holding it above the side of the
head that hurts, so that the blood drips on to it.
(b) During the Shechitah - one must take great care that the blood does not
drip into one's eyes, because it causes blindness.
(c) One subsequently hangs the Shechted hoopoe - at the entrance of his
house, so that he knocks it when he enters and knocks it when he leaves.