POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Kesuvos 75
KESUVOS 75-81 - dedicated by Mrs. Rita Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving
memory of her husband, Reb Yitzchok Yakov ben Eliyahu Grunberger. Mr Irving
Grunberger helped many people quietly in an unassuming manner and is sorely
missed by all who knew him. His Yahrzeit is 10 Sivan.
14) IF THE VOW WAS UNDONE
15) BLEMISHES THAT INVALIDATE A MARRIAGE
1. Answer: "Bnei Yisrael did not kill them, because the
princes of the congregation had sworn to them."
(b) Answer #2 (To 3:d, 74B - Rava): The latter Beraisa (which
says that she is not engaged if she annuls her vows) is
the case of a woman from an important family.
i. What is considered (in front of) many?
2. (Beraisa above - R. Meir) If the vow can only be
annulled by a Chacham, he may not remarry her; if
the husband can annul it, he may remarry her;
ii. Answer #1 (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): 3 - as we
learned, "(A woman that will see blood) many
days" - "days" teaches 2, "many" - 3.
iii. Answer #2 (R. Yitzchak): 10 - It says
"congregation" (which is known to mean 10 from
the congregation of spies).
3. R. Elazar says, we only prohibited him from
remarrying her in the case when a Chacham is needed
on account of the case when a Chacham is not needed.
4. Question: What is the source of their dispute?
5. Answer: R. Meir says, a man does not mind if his
wife is shamed by having to go to Beis Din; R.
Elazar says, a man does not want his wife to be
shamed by going to Beis Din.
1. The husband does not want the engagement to take
effect, lest he be forced to give her a Get and
become forbidden on her relatives.
(c) Question: But the end of the Beraisa says, if he went to
a Chacham and annulled his vow, or to a doctor and he
removed the blemish, she is engaged!
1. Similarly, the Beraisa should speak of a man from an
important family, and the law should be, they are
(d) Answer: A woman wants to be engaged to any man.
1. (Reish Lakish): A woman says, 'It is better to live
as 2 (i.e. married) than to live as a widow.'
2. (Abaye): A woman married to an ant (i.e. even a
midget) puts her chair among the important women.
3. (Rav Papa): Even if her husband cleans wool (a
scorned profession), she goes out on the porch to
greet him (and is not ashamed).
4. (Rav Ashi): Even if he is from a bad family, she
will not even request lentils (it suffices to her
that she is married).
5. (Beraisa): All women married to such men have
extramarital relations, and attribute the child to
(a) (Mishnah): All blemishes that disqualify (a Kohen) ...
16) WHEN IN DOUBT WHEN THE BLEMISHES AROSE
(b) (Beraisa): They added: sweat, a wart, and bad breath.
(c) Question: Do these not disqualify a Kohen?!
1. (Mishnah): An old, sick or Mezuham sweaty (animal).
(d) Answer #1 (R. Yosi Bar Chanina): Sweat which can be
washed away does not disqualify a Kohen; if it cannot be
washed away, it disqualifies him.
2. (Mishnah): These disqualify a Kohen, whether they
are fixed or passing.
(e) Answer #2 (Rav Ashi): Sweat and Mezuham (odorous) are
1. (Any) sweat can be washed away, with wine vinegar,
and does not disqualify a Kohen.
(f) Question: What is the case of the wart?
2. Bad breath also - he can put a pepper in his mouth,
i. These remedies do not suffice for a wife.
1. Suggestion #1: If it has hair - it also disqualifies
(g) Answer #1 (R. Yosi Bar Chanina): The wart is (small and
without hair, but it is) on her forehead.
2. Suggestion #2: If it does not have hair - if it is
big, it also disqualifies a Kohen!
3. Suggestion #3: If it does not have hair and is not
big, it does not disqualify a Kohen nor a wife!
i. (Beraisa): A wart which has hair is a blemish;
if it has no hair - if it is big, it is a
blemish; if it is small, it is not a blemish.
4. Question: What is considered big?
5. Answer (R. Shimon Ben Gamliel): The size of an
Italian Isar (a coin).
1. Objection: If so, he saw it and accepted it!
(h) Answer #2 (Rav Papa): It is under her kerchief; sometimes
it is seen, sometimes not.
(i) (Rav Chisda): If a dog bit her and a scar remains, this
is a blemish.
(j) (Rav Chisda): A deep voice is a blemish - "Your voice is
pleasant, and your form, beautiful".
(k) (Beraisa - R. Noson Birah): A handbreadth between the
1. (Rav Acha Brei d'Rava): This is the proper amount.
(l) (Beraisa - R. Noson): If her breasts are bigger than
other women's, this is a blemish.
2. (Rav Ashi): No, the Beraisa lists this as a blemish.
3. Question: What is the proper amount?
4. Answer (Abaye): 3 fingers.
(m) Question: How much bigger?
(n) Answer (R. Maisha Bar Brei d'R. Yehoshua Ben Levi): A
1. Question: Is this ever the case?
(o) (R. Maisha): "Of Tziyon, it will be said, this man was
born there, and He will make it supreme" - this applies
equally to one born there, and one who anticipates seeing
2. Answer: Yes!
i. Rabah Bar Bar Chanah: I saw an Arab woman that
hung her breasts in back of her and nursed her
1. Abaye: 1 person born there is as 2 of us.
2. Rava: 1 of us that goes there is as 2 of them.
i. R. Yirmiyah did not understand the Rabanan when
he was here - when he got to Eretz Yisrael, he
called us 'foolish Babylonians'.
(a) (Mishnah - R. Meir): If she had blemishes in her father's
house - the father must prove (to collect a Kesuvah) that
they came after engagement, and the husband's field
(wife) got spoiled;
(b) If she entered the husband's domain, and blemishes were
found - the husband must prove (to be exempt from paying
a Kesuvah) that they came before engagement, and the
engagement was invalid;
(c) Chachamim say, this only applies to blemishes in covered
places; but blemishes in exposed places, the husband has
(d) If there is a bathhouse in the city, he has no claim even
by blemishes in hidden places, since he checks her
through his female relatives.
(e) (Gemara): (In the 1st case) - if the father does not
bring proof, the husband is believed - this is as R.
Yehoshua, who says that she is not believed.
(f) Question: But in the 2nd case, if the husband does not
bring proof, the father is believed - this is as R.
Gamliel, who says that she is believed!
(g) Answer #1 (R. Elazar): We are forced to say that
different Tana'im said these 2 clauses.
1. (Rava): Don't say, R. Yehoshua doesn't go after
Chazakah of the body at all - this is only when
Chazakah of money opposes it; if not, he goes after
(h) Answer #2 (Rava): In the 1st case, the blemishes were
found by the father, we assume they were there from the
beginning; in the 2nd case, the blemishes were found by
the husband, we assume they developed when she was
already engaged to him.
2. (Beraisa): If the bright patch (a plague) appeared
before a white hair - he is (absolutely) Tamei; if
the hair came first - he is not (absolutely) Tamei;
if we are in doubt, which came first - he is Tamei;
R. Yehoshua Kehah.
3. Question: What does it mean - Kahah?
4. Answer (Rabah): Not Tamei.
1. Question (Abaye - Mishnah): If she entered the
husband's domain, he must prove that the blemishes
arose before engagement, invalidating the
i. It does not suffice to prove that the blemishes
were there after engagement (in her father's
house) - by Rava's reason, this should be
enough - we say, they were found by the father,
they were by the father from the beginning!
2. Answer (Rava): If he proves that the blemishes were
there during engagement - we have a Chazakah, a man
does not drink a cup (marry a woman) before he
i. Certainly, he saw the blemish and accepted it!
3. Question: If so, even if the blemish preceded the
4. Answer: We have a Chazakah, a man does not accept
5. Question: If so, also when the blemish was seen
after engagement, say that a man does not accept
6. Answer: Rather, when the blemish was seen after
engagement, 2 Chazakos oppose the husband - the
Chazakah of her body (she was born without
blemishes), and a man does not drink a cup before he
checks it, and he accepted the blemish;
i. Suggestion: Let us say, a man does not accept