POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Kesuvos 111
KESUVOS 111 - dedicated anonymously in honor of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, and in
honor of those who study the Dafyomi around the world.
1) THE ATTRIBUTES OF ERETZ YISRAEL (cont.)
(a) (Rav Yehudah): Anyone that goes from Bavel to Eretz
Yisrael transgresses a Chayavei Aseh - "They were taken
to Bavel, and there they will be until I redeem them".
2) REVIVAL OF THE DEAD OUTSIDE OF YISRAEL
1. R. Zeira explains, that verse refers to the vessels
of the Temple.
(b) (R. Elazar): "With deer or rams" - if we do not keep the
oaths, Hash-m will make our flesh prey for others, as
flesh of deer or rams.
2. Rav Yehudah: Another verse forbids people to return
- "I put an oath upon you, daughters of
Yerushalayim, with deer or wild goats".
3. R. Zeira: That oath says that we should not return
together, by force.
4. Rav Yehudah: Another verse recounts another oath -
that even an individual should not return.
5. R. Zeira learns that verse as R. Yosi b'Rebbi
i. (R. Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina): The verses recount 3
oaths Hash-m imposed: Yisrael should not return
together, by force; Yisrael should not rebel
against the other nations; the nations should
not subjugate us too harshly.
6. Rav Yehudah: "If you will awaken, if you will
arouse" - this shows, there were more oaths!
7. R. Zeira learns the additional oaths as R. Levi.
i. (R. Levi): The 3 additional oaths forbid us to
reveal the time to redemption, to push off the
redemption (another version - to demand
redemption too strongly), and to reveal the
secret (of the calculation of leap years and
months, or of the reasons for Mitzvos) to the
(c) (R. Elazar): Anyone who lives in Eretz Yisrael dwells
without sin - "The neighbors should not say, I struck the
inhabitants, they bear sin".
1. (Rava): We learned that the verse refers to those
that suffer intestinal sicknesses.
(d) (Rav Anan): Anyone buried in Eretz Yisrael is as if he is
buried under the Altar.
1. 1 verse says, "An altar of earth"; another says,
"Its earth atones for its people".
(e) Ula frequently came to Eretz Yisrael. He died in Chutz
1. (R. Elazar - lamenting): "On Tamei ground you will
(f) A Yavam asked if he should go to Chutz la'Aretz to do
2. Bearers of the news: His coffin is coming for burial
3. (R. Elazar): This does not compare to dying here.
1. R. Chanina: His brother died for marrying a Nochris
(i.e. a resident of Chutz la'Aretz) - blessed be
Hash-m, who killed him for that - will the Yavam do
(g) (Rav Yehudah citing Shmuel): Just as it is forbidden to
go from Eretz Yisrael to Bavel, it is forbidden to go
from Bavel to other lands.
1. (Rabah and Rav Yosef): One may not even go from
Pumbedisa to Bei Kuvi.
(h) (Rabah and Rav Yosef): The best of Bavel are absorbed by
Eretz Yisrael; the best of other lands are absorbed by
2. A man went from Pumbedisa to Bei Kuvi - Rav Yosef
3. A man went from Pumbedisa to Astonya - he died.
i. (Abaye): Had this Chacham wanted to live, he
could have lived (by staying in Pumbadisa).
(i) Question: To what does this refer?
1. Suggestion: If to lineage - but it was taught,
people of other lands are considered to be of
doubtful lineage, relative to Eretz Yisrael; Eretz
Yisrael has doubtful lineage compared to Bavel!
(j) Answer: Rather, it refers to burial.
(k) (Rav Yehudah): One who dwells in Bavel is as if he dwells
in Eretz Yisrael - "Take refuge in Tziyon, dwellers of
(l) (Abaye): We have a tradition that Bavel will not see the
birthpangs of Mashiach - this refers to Hutzal of
1. At that time, it will be called "The horn of
(a) (R. Elazar): The dead in Chutz la'Aretz will not live -
"I will put Tzvi (glory) in the land of the living" -
only in the land in which is Tzivyoni (my desire), the
dead will live.
(b) Question (R. Aba Bar Mamal): "Your dead will live, the
corpses of my nation will rise" - "Your dead" are those
that die in Eretz Yisrael, "The corpses of my nation" are
those that die in Chutz la'Aretz!
1. "I will put Tzvi in the land of the living" - this
refers to Nebuchadnetzar, a king as fast as a deer,
who was sent to ravage Eretz Yisrael!
(c) Answer (R. Elazar): Another verse supports me - "He gives
a soul to the nation on it (Eretz Yisrael) and spirit to
those that walk in it".
1. "The corpses of my nation" refers to stillborn
babies (of Eretz Yisrael).
(d) R. Aba explains "He gives a soul to the nation on it" as
1. (R. Avahu): Even a Canaanite slave in Eretz Yisrael
is guaranteed a share in the world to come.
(e) (R. Yirmiyah Bar Aba): "And spirit to those that walk in
it" - anyone that walks 4 Amos in Eretz Yisrael is
guaranteed a share in the world to come.
2. It says, "He gives a soul l'Am (to the nation) on
it"; it also says, "Wait here Im (with) the donkey"
- a nation that resembles a donkey.
(f) Question: Does R. Elazar really hold that the dead
outside of Eretz Yisrael will not live?
(g) Answer (R. Ila): Their bones roll to Eretz Yisrael, and
come to life in Eretz Yisrael.
(h) Question (R. Aba Sala Rava): Must Tzadikim really endure
(i) Answer (Abaye): Underground tunnels are made for
(j) Question (Karna): Yakov Avinu knew that he was a total
Tzadik - if the dead of Chutz la'Aretz live, why did he
trouble his children to bury him in Eretz Yisrael?
(k) Answer: He was concerned, perhaps he will not merit
1. Question (R. Chanina): Yosef knew that he was a
total Tzadik - if the dead of Chutz la'Aretz live,
why did he trouble his brothers to carry him 400
Parsa to bury him in Eretz Yisrael?
(l) Rabah's brothers sent Karna's teaching to Rabah, to try
to persuade him to come to Eretz Yisrael.
1. Ilfa added: There was a case of a man that was
pained by his great desire for a woman that lived in
Chutz la'Aretz. He was about to go; when he heard
Karna's teaching, he held himself back, and stayed
in Eretz Yisrael the rest of his life.
(m) It is better to stand than to sit unsupported.
2. Even though you (Rabah) are great, one who learns
from a Rav is incomparably better.
i. Don't say, you do not have a Rav here - you
have, R. Yochanan!
3. If you will not come, beware of 3 things:
i. Do not sit to much, since this causes
4. Rather, one should sit 1/3, stand 1/3, and walk 1/3.
ii. Do not stand too much, since this is bad for
iii. Do not walk too much, since this is bad for the
(n) Question: But he said, standing is bad for the heart!
(o) Answer: Rather, it is better to stand with support than
to sit unsupported.
(p) (Yitzchak, Shimon and Oshiya): The law is as R. Yehudah
3) REVIVAL OF THE UNLEARNED
1. (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): A mule that desires to mate
- we may not mate it with a horse or donkey, only
with a mule as itself.
(q) (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): Yitzchak (above) is R.
Yitzchak Nafcha; Shimon is R. Shimon Ben Pazi; (others
say, R. Shimon Ben Lakish); Oshiya is R. Oshiya b'Rebbi.
(a) (R. Elazar): Ignoramuses will not be revived - "The dead
will not live".
1. Support (Beraisa): "The dead will not live" - one
might think, this applies to all - "Refa'im will not
rise", the verse only speaks of those that Rifu
(slackened) from Torah.
(b) (R. Yochanan): No - the verse refers to those that served
(c) (R. Elazar): But it says, "The dew of lights is your
(Hash-m's) dew, and you will cause Refa'im to fall to the
ground" - the light of Torah only revives those that use
the light of Torah.
1. R. Elazar saw that R. Yochanan was pained; he
comforted him: "You that cling to Hash-m are all
(d) Rhetorical question: "You will love Hash-m and cling to
him" - is it really possible to cling to Hash-m?
2. Rhetorical question: Is it really possible to cling
to Hash-m - "Hash-m is a consuming fire"!
3. Answer: Rather, one who marries his daughter to a
Chacham, does business for and benefits Chachamim
from his property, the Torah considers him to cling
to the Divine presence.
(e) Answer: Rather, one who marries his daughter to a
Chacham, does business for and benefits Chachamim from
his property, the Torah considers him to cling to the
(f) (R. Chiya Bar Rav Yosef): In the future, Tzadikim will
rise from the ground in Yerushalayim - "They will sprout
from the city as herbs".
1. "The city" is Yerushalayim - "I will protect this
(g) (R. Chiya Bar Rav Yosef): A Kal v'Chomer teaches that
Tzadikim will return to life clothed.
1. Wheat is planted bare, and it rises with many covers
- Tzadikim, that are buried clothed, all the more so
they will rise clothed!
(h) (R. Chiya Bar Rav Yosef): In the future, cakes and silk
garments will grow in Eretz Yisrael - "There will be
Pisas (enlarged - the word also suggests hand-sized, or
(i) (Beraisa): "There will be Pisas grain in the land, on the
mountain tops" - in the future, wheat will grow as palm
trees on the mountain tops.
1. Suggestion: Perhaps it will be hard to harvest.
(j) "With choice Kelayos of wheat" - in the future, wheat
will be as big as the 2 kidneys of a large ox.
2. Rejection: "Its fruit will rustle as (trees of)
Levanon" - Hash-m will bring a wind from his
storehouse, causing the produce to fall; a person
will take a handful from the field to feed his
1. Do not be surprised at this - a fox nested in a
turnip; the remains of the turnip weighed 60 Liters.
(k) (Beraisa - R. Yosi): In Sichin, a man inherited 3
branches of mustard. One split open; it contained 9 Kabim
of mustard, and the wood covered a potter's shack.
(l) (R. Shimon Ben Tachlifa): My father left us a head of
cabbage; we used a ladder to climb onto it.
(m) "The blood of the grape, you will drink wine" - the world
to come will be unlike this world.
1. In this world, it is a toil to harvest and press
grapes; in the world to come, a man will bring a
grape in a wagon or boat, put it in a corner of his
house, and it will supply him as a fattened ox;
(n) (Rav Dimi): "He will tie his foal to the vine" - every
vine in Eretz Yisrael will require a foal to harvest it.
2. The vine branch will be used as fuel for cooking.
3. Each grape will contain 30 Sa'im of wine - "The
blood of the grape, you will drink Chemar" - the
word can be read Chomer (30 Sa'im).
(o) "And his donkey's children to the Serekah (vine branch)"
- every Serak (barren tree) will produce what 2 donkeys
1. Suggestion: Perhaps there will be no moisture in it?
(p) Question: What is the simple meaning of the verse?
2. Rejection: "He will wash his garment in wine".
3. Suggestion: Perhaps it will not be red?
4. Rejection: "The blood of the grape ..."
5. Suggestion: Perhaps it will not intoxicate?
6. Rejection: "Susah" (a language of enticing).
7. Suggestion: Perhaps it will have no taste?
8. Rejection: "Hachlili (red) eyed from wine" - any
palate that tastes it will say "Li Li (to me, to
9. Suggestion: Perhaps it is good for youths only?
10. Rejection: "u'Leven Shinayim" - this may be read
"u'Leven Shanim" (a man of years).
(q) Answer (Rav Dimi): The congregation of Yisrael asks
Hash-m, 'Hint with your eyes that are sweeter than wine,
and show me your teeth, that are better than milk'.
1. This supports R. Yochanan.
(r) R. Chiya Bar Ada was the teacher of Reish Lakish's
children; for 3 days, he did not come.
2. (R. Yochanan): One who whitens his teeth (smiles) at
his friend is better than one who gives him milk -
we read the verse, "Libun (whitening) teeth (is
better than) milk".
1. Reish Lakish: Why didn't you come?
(s) Rami Bar Yechezkel went to Bene Berak; he saw goats
eating under fig trees. Honey was dripping from the figs,
and milk from the goats, and they mixed - this is
"Flowing with milk and honey".
2. R. Chiya Bar Ada: My father left me a vineyard on
poles. The 1st day I harvested 300 clusters, each
produced a Se'ah; the 2nd day I harvested 300
clusters, each produced 1/2 Se'ah. The 3rd day I
harvested 300 clusters, each produced 1/3 Se'ah -
and I declared the majority of the vineyard
3. Reish Lakish: Had you not neglected your job, it
would have produced more.
(t) (R. Yakov Ben Dostoy): It is 3 Mil (1 Mil is about a
kilometer) from Lud to Ono; I once went before dawn, and
I was up to my ankles in date honey.
(u) (Reish Lakish): I saw the (region flowing with) milk and
honey of Tzipori - it was 16 Mil by 16 Mil.
(v) (Rabah Bar Bar Chanah): I saw the milk and honey of all
of Eretz Yisrael - it was 88 Mil by 24 Mil.