REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Kesuvos 71
KESUVOS 71 (Shavuos) - dedicated by Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld and his wife in
honor of the birth of their daughter, Leah Berachah, last week. May Hashem
grant that she grow up l'Torah l'Chupah ul'Ma'asim Tovim!
(a) Rebbi Yehudah said in our Mishnah 'be'Yisrael Chodesh Echad Yekayem ...
be'Kohen Sh'nayim Yekayem ... '. According to Abaye, Rebbi Yehudah is coming
to teach us that a Kohen waits two months.
In what way does he argue with
the Tana Kama according to Rava?
(b) According to Rav, it is only if he specified a time up to thirty days
that the husband is permitted to feed his wife through a trustee.
will be the Din if he did not?
(c) What does Shmuel say?
(a) Rav and Shmuel argue over the same point in 'Af-al-pi' (regarding the
Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel about a man who makes a Neder
forbidding his wife from having Tashmish with him), and for the same
reasons, apparently duplicating their views here.
Why might we have
thought that, had Rav said his Din in Af-al-Pi, he might nevertheless agree
with Shmuel in our case that even by S'tam he should wait thirty days?
(b) We learned in our Mishnah that if a man made a Neder forbidding his wife
to eat a certain type of fruit even for just one day, he is obligated to
divorce her immediately and pay her Kesuvah.
How does Rav resolve the
discrepancy between the Reisha and the Seifa?
(c) How will Shmuel (who does not differentiate between whether the husband
mentioned a time-period or not) resolve the apparent discrepancy?
(d) According to Shmuel then, the author of our Mishnah holds 'Hu Nosen
Etzba Bein Shinehah''.
Who will then be the author of our Mishnah?
(a) Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yehudah say in a Beraisa that if a woman who made
the Nazarite vow and her husband did not nullify it, he is entitled to
divorce her without a Kesuvah, should he so wish.
On which principle is
this ruling based?
(b) What do Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi Elazar say?
(c) How do we initially amend the opinions in the Beraisa, in order to
resolve the discrepancy in Rebbi Meir?
(d) Rebbi Yossi now holds Hi Nasnah Etzba ... '.
How do we amend the
Beraisa again to resolve the discrepancy in Rebbi Yossi, who says in our
Mishnah, that if a poor woman made a Neder not to adorn herself, he divorces
her immediately and *pays her Kesuvah* (because 'Hu Nasan Etzba ... ')?
(a) Why does Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, who says 'be'Yisrael, Yom Echad
Yekayem ... ' force us to amend the above Beraisa once more?
(b) How does the Beraisa now read?
(c) Alternatively, we prefer to learn the two opinions in the Beraisa as two
pairs, in which case it will read 'Rebbi Meir ve'Rebbi Elazar Omrim Hi
Nasnah; Rebbi Yehudah ve'Rebbi Yossi Omrim, Hu Nasan'.
How will we then
reconcile this with our S'tam Mishnah, which (as we established earlier)
holds 'Hu Nasan Etzba ... '?
(a) The Tana Kama of the Mishnah in Nedarim, listing Nidrei Inuy Nefesh
(Nedarim that the husband is permitted to nullify due to the anguish that
they cause his wife), includes Nedarim that concern the woman washing
herself and adorning herself.
Answers to questions
What does Rebbi Yossi say about these cases?
(b) How do we initially reconcile this with Rebbi Yossi in our Mishnah, who
penalizes a husband (by obligating him to pay her Kesuvah) who upheld his
poor wife's Neder not to adorn herself (indicating that he is authorized to
nullify Nedarim concerning a woman not wearing make-up)?
(c) According to Rebbi Yossi, what else does Nidrei Inuy Nefesh comprise
besides a Neder not to eat meat or not to drink wine?
(a) Rav Huna holds that a husband has the authority to nullify Nedarim
What does Rav Ada bar Ahavah say?
(b) How do we establish Rebbi Yossi in our Mishnah according to Rav Ada bar
Ahavah (in whose opinion a man cannot nullify Nedarim she'Beino le'Veinah)?
(c) How can a woman make such a Neder, seeing as she is Meshubad to her
husband for Tashmish?
(d) Why do we not then say ...
... Let her not adorn herself and she will not become forbidden to her husband (so how can her husband nullify it)?
... Let her adorn herself and become forbidden for one week, according to Beis Shamai, or two, according to Beis Hillel? Why is he obligated to divorce her immediately?
(a) According to Rebbi Yossi in our Mishnah, when the husband specifies a
time-limit (regarding the Neder of not putting on make-up of a poor woman)
we do not force him to divorce his wife and pay her Kesuvah for twelve
months, according to Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel.
Why does Rav Chisda Amar
Avimi give the time limit as until the following Yom-Tov?
(b) Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan gives the longest time period
What is it?
(c) Rebbi Yossi gives the time-limit by a rich woman as thirty days.
(a) If a husband makes a Neder forbidding his wife to visit her father, what
is the time-limit that he is permitted to remain with her and not pay her
Kesuvah, if her father lives ...
(b) What will be the Din if he forbids her to visit the Aveilim or to attend
- ... in the same city as they do?
- ... in another city?
(a) The Tana writes (with regard to a Neder forbidding his wife to visit her
father who lives in another city) 'Regel Echad, Yekayem; Sheloshah, Yotzi'.
What is the significance of 'Regel' in this case?
(b) *Two* Regalim appears to be a clash of inferences. Abaye answers that
the Seifa refers to a Kohenes, and that the author is Rebbi Yehudah.
does he mean by that?
(c) How does Rabah bar Ula solve the problem?
(a) How does Rebbi Yochanan interpret the Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim "Az Hayisi
be'Einav ke'Mutz'eis Shalom"?
Answers to questions
(b) How does Rebbi Yochanan or Rebbi Yonasan explain the Pasuk in Hoshei'a
"ve'Hayah ba'Yom ha'Hu Ne'um Hashem, Tikre'i Ishi ve'Lo Tikre'i Ba'ali"?