REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Kesuvos 91
(a) Rav Yosef just established the Machlokes between the Tana Kama of the
Beraisa and Rebbi Shimon like he established that of ben Nannes and Rebbi
Akiva (whether the K'suvas B'nin Dichrin of the heirs of the wife who died
after her husband is considered Mosar Dinar or not. We suggest that perhaps
they are arguing over whether the Mosar Dinar needs to be Karka or not.
What will each one then hold?
In any event, we do accept the suggestion to switch the opinions (seeing as
it is evident from Rebbi Shimon's Lashon that he comes to be stringent).
In which two possible ways do we finally establish the Machlokes (not like
(b) On what grounds do we reject ...
1. ... this suggestion?
(c) We suggest that perhaps, we ought to switch the opinions, in which case,
Rebbi Shimon will require a Dinar and it is the Tana Kama who does not.
How will we then interpret the words of the Tana Kama 'Ba'in Banehah shel Zu
le'Achar Misah ve'Notlin K'suvas Iman'? To which set of heirs does this
2. ... the suggestion that Rebbi Shimon comes to permit even Meshubadim
(fields of their father that are Meshubad to creditors), whereas the Tana
3. ... the suggestion that Rebbi Shimon comes to permit even less than a
Dinar, whereas the Tana Kama requires a Mosar Dinar (besides on the grounds
of the previous Kashya)?
(d) On what grounds do we reject the suggestion to switch the opinions in
(a) Mar Zutra Amar Rav Papa finally rules 'Achas be'Chayav ve'Achas be'Moso,
Yesh Lahen K'suvas B'nin Dichrin' and 'K'suvah Na'asis Mosar la'Chavertah'.
Having ruled ...
1. ... 'Achas ba'Chayav ve'Achas be'Moso, Yesh Lahen K'suvas B'nin Dichrin',
why did he find it necessary to rule 'K'suvah Na'asis Mosar la'Chavertah'?
What might we otherwise have thought?
(b) Why can we not apply the principle 'K'suvah Na'asis Mosar la'Chavertah',
when both wives died in their husband's lifetime?
2. ... 'K'suvah Na'asis Mosar la'Chavertah', why did he find it necessary to
rule 'Achas ba'Chayav ve'Achas be'Moso Yesh Lahen K'suvas B'nin Dichrin'?
(c) Why might there be a difference between there where the woman who died
after her husband left daughters, and where she left sons? Why might we
worry about coming to a quarrel in the latter case? ...
(d) ... but not in the former one?
(a) We have already learned that K'suvas B'nin Dichrin only applies if a
Dinar remains for the heirs to inherit.
What will be the Din if the sons
of the wife with the larger K'suvah agree to assess their portion at a
higher rate, so that an extra Dinar remains?
(b) Can a debt of their father's that is waiting to be claimed count as the
(c) What does Rebbi Shimon say about a Mosar Dinar that consists of
(a) What will be the Din if, when the husband died, there was a Mosar Dinar,
but the value of the property decreased, with the result that by the time
Beis-Din assessed it, there was no longer a Mosar Dinar?
Answers to questions
(b) What did Rav Amram order the heirs of the smaller Kesuvah to do, in a
case where the value of the property increased, so that by the time the
Beis-Din came to assess it, it was worth a Dinar?
(c) What did he threaten to do, when they refused to comply?
(d) What did Rav Nachman finally rule?
(a) A man who owed his friend a thousand Zuz, sold his two mansions to the
same purchaser for five hundred Zuz each.
What ultimatum did the
purchaser offer the creditor, who had already claimed one of the mansions,
when he came to claim the second one?
(b) Rami bar Chama tried to compare this case to our Mishnah, which forbids
the heirs to inflate the price of their father's property, in order to gain
their mother's Kesuvah.
On what grounds did Rava reject his comparison?
(c) In a very similar incident, Rav Yosef, like Rami bar Chama, thought to
learn from our Mishnah that one cannot inflate the value of a field to one's
What did Abaye say to him?
(a) When the purchaser asked the Beis-Din to write him out a document for
the debtor to compensate him for his loss, Ravina held that they should
write him a document for a thousand Zuz (which is how much the mansion was
worth to both him and the creditor).
What did Rav Avira say?
(b) What is the Halachah?
(a) What did the orphans do when their father's creditor (whom he had owed a
hundred Zuz) claimed a small plot of land worth fifty Zuz as half his debt?
(b) Were they obligated to pay their father's debt?
(c) What did Abaye rule when the creditor then claimed the land anyway?
(d) How could the orphans have prevented him from doing so?
(a) A certain man sold his mother's Kesuvah for Tovas Hana'ah.
Answers to questions
his mother's status at the time?
(b) What does Tovas Hana'ah mean in this case?
(c) What did he stipulate when he sold it?
(d) His mother died and he came to claim the Kesuvah from the purchaser as
his mother's heir. What did ...
- ... Rami bar Chama contend?
- ... Rava counter?