BACKGROUND ON THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Kidushin 65
KIDUSHIN 61-65 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1a) [line 13] GEDOLAH - the mother (lit. the elder)
b) [line 14] KETANAH - the daughter (lit. the younger)
2a) [line 17] D'GAVRA LO ICHPAS LEI - since a man does not care [whether or
not he has added more women to the circle of women who are forbidden to
b) [line 18] U'MIKRI AMAR - it happens that he may chance to say [such a
statement, lying that he was Mekadesh the woman in question. As such, she is
not prohibited to his relatives]
3) [line 22] KOFIN - we force him [to give her a Get]
4) [line 24] LECHAYEI - Very well!; Fine!
5) [line 28] TARTEI?! - [Has Rav issued] two [seemingly contradictory
6) [line 30] IN V'LO V'RAFYA B'YADEI - (lit. yes and no, and it was weak in
his hands) he had no definite answer; at times he permitted it and at times
he prohibited it.
7) [line 36] HA'MEGARESH ES ISHTO V'LANAH IMO B'FUNDAKI - a man who divorces
his wife and secludes himself with her at an inn
When a man writes a Get for his wife and secludes himself with her
afterwards, Beis Hillel rules that we suspect that he may have re-betrothed
her through an act of marital relations (see Mishnah Kidushin 2a and
Background to Kidushin 2:1:II:b), because "witnesses who saw them going into
seclusion are considered witnesses that a Kidushin was effected through
marital relations" ("Hen Hen Edei Yichud, Hen Hen Edei Bi'ah"). Therefore,
according to Beis Hillel he is considered to have remarried her, and must
give her another Get. Beis Shamai rules that he does not need to give her
another Get (i.e. we do not say, "Hen Hen...") (Mishnah Gitin 81a).
8) [line 37] PUNDAKI - an inn
9) [line 40] EIN LIBO GAS BAH - (O.F. privez) he is not intimately familiar
10) [line 1] HEN HEN EDEI YICHUD, HEN HEN EDEI VI'AH
See above, entry #7.
11) [line 15] CHAVILAH - a package [of movable goods]
12a) [line 23] ED ECHAD B'HAKCHASHAH - one witness who is contradicted [by
another single witness]
b) [line 23] MI MEHEIMAN? - is believed? [Certainly not!]
13) [line 26] METALTELEI MISHTA'ABDEI LI'CHESUVAH - a woman may collect the
value of her Kesuvah from chattels (KESUVAH - the Jewish marriage contract)
(a) When a man marries a woman who was a Besulah (virgin) at the time of her
Kidushin, he must write her a Kesuvah document in which he promises that she
will receive 200 Zuz (the value of 960 grams of silver) from him or his
estate if he divorces her or dies. The Tana'im argue whether this obligation
is mid'Oraisa or mid'Rabanan (Kesuvos 10a). (See Insights to Kesuvos 10:1.)
(b) When a man marries a widow or a divorcee who had once been married in
the past (i.e. she was a Nesu'ah and was not just an Arusah) he must write
her a Kesuvah document in which he promises that she will receive 100 Zuz
from him or his estate if he divorces her or dies. Even if the woman is
still a virgin, the woman is classified as a "Be'ulah" with regard to the
amount of her Kesuvah because she was once married and she is not given the
Kesuvah of a Besulah (Kesuvos 11a). The obligation to write a Kesuvah for a
widow or divorcee is only mid'Rabanan (Kesuvos 10b -- The Gemara there
explains that the term for "widow," "Almanah," alludes to her Kesuvah of a
"Manah," or 100 Zuz).
(c) When a man marries a woman who was less than three years old at the time
that he was Mekadesh (betrothed) her, he must write her the Kesuvah of a
Besulah and promise her 200 Zuz from him or his estate if he divorces her or
dies. A girl less than three years of age is considered a Besulah whether or
not she was married or had relations in the past, since her Besulim return
to their original state (Kesuvos 11b).
(d) The Tana'im argue as to whether a woman collects the value of her
Kesuvah only from real estate that the husband or his estate owns or also
from chattels (Yevamos 99a, Kesuvos 81b).
14) [line 30] "DAVAR" "DAVAR" MI'MAMON - it is learned through a Gezeirah
Shavah of Davar-Davar from monetary matters (which can be found on the
bottom of Sotah Daf 3b)
15) [line 31] HODA'AS BA'AL DIN, K'ME'AH EDIM DAMI - the admission of a
concerned party is equivalent to one hundred witnesses [testifying]
16) [line 33] LO KA CHAYAV L'ACHARINEI - he does not cause others a loss
[through his admission; he only causes himself a loss]
17) [line 40] LO IVRU SAHADEI, ELA L'SHAKAREI - (lit. witnesses were only
created for liers) witnesses are needed only to prevent people from lying
18) [line 41] ACHALTA CHELEV
(a) Chelev refers to the fat of an animal that is offered on the Mizbe'ach.
It consists of the layer of fat covering the stomachs, all the other fat
attached to the stomachs, and the fat on the kidneys along the flanks
(Vayikra 3:4). The verse states, "Chukas Olam l'Doroseichem b'Chol
Moshevoseichem, Kol Chelev v'Chol Dam Lo Socheilu." - "It shall be an
everlasting statute for your generations throughout all your settlements,
that you eat neither [forbidden] fat nor blood." (Vayikra 3:17).
(b) It is forbidden to eat the Chelev of a Kosher Behemah (farm animal), but
it may be used for any other purpose. The Chelev of a Chayah (a Kosher
non-farm animal), however, may even be eaten. "Shuman" refers to all the
other fat of an animal that is permitted.
(c) If a person eats a k'Zayis of Chelev b'Mezid (intentionally) after
Hasra'ah (being forewarned), he is punished with Malkos. If he was not given
Hasra'ah, he is Chayav Kares. If he sinned b'Shogeg (unintentionally) he
must bring a Korban Chatas (as with all sins for which one is liable to
Kares b'Mezid). If a person is in doubt whether the fat he ate was Chelev or
Shuman, he must bring a Korban Asham Taluy (see Background to Nazir 23:2b).
19) [line 41] HALAH - him (the accused)
20) [line 42] NE'EMAN - he (the witness) is believed
21) [line 42] TANA TUNA - the Tana of our Mishnayos also taught (in Kerisus
3:1, Daf 11b)