REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Kidushin 53
KIDUSHIN 51-55 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
Rebbi Yochanan maintains that they took a count there and then (in Rebbi
Yehudah's presence), and decided by a majority vote that 'ha'Mekadesh
be'Chelko ... , Einah Mekudeshes'.
What does Rav say?
(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Tzav "ve'Chol
Minchah Asher Te'aseh ba'Tanur ... le'Chol B'nei Aharon Tihyeh"?
(b) From a series of extra Pesukim in the Parshah we extend this Halachah
across the board (as we shall now see). What alternative did a Korban Olah
ve'Yored offer a poor man who could not afford to bring a Korban Beheimah?
(c) Why might we have thought that the Kohanim are permitted to swap ...
(d) What would we still have thought the Kohanim are permitted to swap (even
once we know that they cannot swap Ofos against Zevachim)?
- ... Menachos against Ofos (Why could we not learn this from the prohibition of swapping Menachos against Zevachim)?
- ... Ofos against Zevachim? (Why could we not learn this from the prohibition of swapping Menachos against Ofos)?
(a) Why is a Korban Beheimah called a 'Zevach', and a Korban Of not?
(b) What is the difference between a Minchah al ha'Machavas and a Minchas
(c) May a Kohen swap his portion in one Minchah al ha'Machavas for another
(or one Minchas Marcheshes for another)?
(d) From the Pasuk "Ish ke'Achiv" we extend the prohibition of swapping
one's portion in one Korban for another to all Kodshei Kodshim.
What do we
learn from ...
- ... the Semichus "Ish ke'Achiv ... Im al Todah"?
- ... the word "Ish"?
(a) The Beraisa currently under discussion is a Sifra.
Who is the author of
a S'tam Sifra?
(b) What does Abaye therefore prove from this Beraisa?
(a) In what way was the Lechem ha'Panim blessed as long as Shimon ha'Tzadik
(b) What does the Tana of the Beraisa say about the Lechem ha'Panim (after
Shimon ha'Tzadik's death)? What would the Tzenu'im and the Gargeranim do
when it came to the distribution?
(c) How did Rava try to counter from this Beraisa, Abaye's proof from the
previous Beraisa that Rebbi Yehudah conceded to Rebbi Meir (that ha'Mekadesh
be'Chelko, Einah Mekudeshes')? How did he interpret 've'ha'Gargeranim
(d) Who said that the author is Rebbi Yehudah?
(a) How do we refute Rava's interpretation? How do we prove the latter
interpretation from the Seifa?
(b) What nickname did they ascribe to that Kohen for the rest of his life?
(c) What did Rabah bar Rav Shiloh learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Elokai
Paltani mi'Yad Rasha mi'Kaf Me'avel *ve'Chometz*", and Rabah from the Pasuk
in Yeshayah "Limdu Heitev, Dirshu Mishpat, Ishru Chamotz"?
(a) What does Rav Acha Brei de'Rava in the name of the Gemara
(traditionally) learn from the Pasuk in Bechukosai "ve'Chol Ma'asar ha'Aretz
mi'Zera ha'Aretz ... la'Hashem Hu Kodesh la'Hashem"? Whose opinion is he out
Answers to questions
(b) If a Kohen (or a Yisrael who inherited from a Kohen) betroths a woman
with Terumas Ma'aser, with Chalah, with Shevi'is or with Terumah, she is
In light of what we just said, how do we explain this with re.
(c) On what grounds do we refute this answer?
- ... Terumas Ma'aser, considering that the Torah writes in Korach "Kein Tarimu Gam Atem Terumas *Hashem"*?
- ... Chalah, considering that the Torah writes in Sh'lach Lecha "Yitnu *la'Hashem*"?
- ... Shevi'is, where the Torah writes in Behar "Ki Yovel Hi *Kodesh* Tihyeh Lachem"?
- ... Terumah, where the Navi Yirmiyah writes ... "*Kodesh* Yisrael *la'Hashem*, Reishis Tevu'aso"? How do we answer this initially?
(d) On account of this Kashya, we change the words of Rebbi Meir's source.
From which words does he learn that Ma'aser Sheini belongs to Hashem?
(a) What problem do Shigegas Ma'aser according to Rebbi Yehudah and Shigegas
Hekdesh according to Rebbi Meir, have in common?
(b) Rebbi Ya'akov heard each one's reason from Rebbi Yochanan, but did not
know which was which.
What are the two reasons?
(c) What is the practical difference between them?
(a) Rebbi Yirmiyah worked out of his own volition which is which.
According to him, the woman would not have agreed to be betrothed with
Ma'aser, because of the trouble of taking it to Yerushalayim.
the man ...
(b) How did Rebbi Ya'akov react to Rebbi Yirmiyah's explanation?
- ... not have minded betrothing her with Ma'aser (had he known that it was Ma'aser)?
- ... as well as the woman, have minded betrothing her with Hekdesh (had he known that it was Hekdesh)?
(c) According to Rebbi Ya'akov, even the man would have objected to
betrothing her with Ma'aser Sheini because of 'Unsa de'Urcha'.
he mean by that, assuming that ...
(d) And on what grounds would he not have minded betrothing her with
- ... he gave her fruit to the value of one Perutah?
- ... he gave her a large amount of fruit?
(a) Rava asked Rav Chisda whether the Hekdesh money goes out to Chulin.
According to whom is he asking his?
(b) What are the ramifications of Rava's She'eilah?
(c) What was Rav Chisda's reply?
(d) Rav Chiya bar Avin asked Rav Chisda whether the same applies to a sale.
What was his reply?
(a) According to Rav Chisda's interpretation of Rebbi Meir, how is a person
Mo'el by money of Hekdesh?
(b) The Mishnah in Me'ilah discusses a case where the treasurer of Hekdesh
inadvertently gave money of Hekdesh to someone to look after.
What will be
the Din if he gave money that was wrapped to a storekeeper or to a private
individual, and either of them used it? Who would be Mo'el?
(c) And what will be the Din if he gave loose money ...
- ... to a storekeeper?
- ... to a private individual?
(a) Rebbi Meir says 'Chenvani ke'Ba'al ha'Bayis'.
Answers to questions
What does Rebbi Yehudah
(b) What is a 'Shulchani'?
(c) We can extrapolate from Rebbi Meir that Me'ilah does pertain to spending
money of Hekdesh.
How do we reconcile this with Rav Chisda, who says that
it does not?