REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Makos 11
MAKOS 11-15 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications
for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
(a) Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina asks why the Parshah of Rotzchim was said in
a strong Lashon.
What does he mean by that?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Miketz "Diber ha'Ish Adonei ha'Aretz
(c) The Beraisa, based on the Pasuk "Yadber Amim Tachteinu", describes "Az
Nidberu Yir'ei Hashem Ish el Re'eihu" as gentle.
What does "Yadber Amim
(d) How do we reconcile Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina with the Beraisa?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah and the Rabbanan argue over the previous point; one
explains Yehoshua's use of 'Dibur' like Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina.
does the other one say?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Nechemyah argue over the Pasuk "Vayichtov
Yehoshua es ha'Devarim ha'Eileh be'Sefer Toras Elokim". One of them ascribes
this to the Pesukim of the Arei Miklat (which we have just been discussing).
What does the other one say?
(c) How will the first opinion explain the words "be'Sefer Toras Elokim"?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Meir argue over a Sefer-Torah that one stitched
with linen threads.
What does one opinion learn from the Pasuk in Bo
"Lema'an Tiheyeh Toras Hashem be'Ficha"?
(b) On what grounds does the other opinion validate it in spite of the
Hekesh? What does he then learn from the Hekesh?
(c) What did Rav comment about the Tefilin (or the Sifrei-Torah) that he saw
in the house of his uncle Rebbi Chiya?
(d) What did he rule in that regard?
(a) A Kohen Merubeh Begadim who died, just like a Mashu'ach be'Shemen
ha'Mishchah, would release the murderers from the Ir Miklat.
Could the two
(b) A Kohen she'Avar mi'Meshichaso who died would release him too.
a 'Kohen she'Avar mi'Meshichaso'?
(c) Which fourth category of Kohen Gadol does Rebbi Yehudah add to the list?
(d) Why would the mothers of the Kohanim Gedolim distribute food and clothes
to the murderers?
(a) What does the Tana Kama of our Mishnah learn from the three Pesukim in
Masei "Veyashav Bah ad Mos ha'Kohen ha'Gadol", "Ki be'Ir Miklato Yeishev ad
Mos ha'Kohen ha'Gadol" and "ve'Acharei Mos ha'Kohen ha'Gadol"?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah includes a Mashu'ach Milchamah from the Pasuk "Lashuv
ba'Aretz ad Mos ha'Kohen".
On what grounds do the Rabbanan disagree with
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "ke'Tzipor Lanud ki'Deror
La'uf Kein Kilelas Chinam Lo Savo"?
(b) How did that old man quoting Rava reconcile our Mishnah with this Pasuk?
What were the mothers of the Kohanim afraid of, seeing as it was not their
sons who had murdered?
(c) What is the alternative version to 'K'dei she'Lo Yispalelu al B'neihen
(d) Before arriving at the same conclusion as we did in the first version,
what problem did we have with this?
(e) Why did Eliyahu ha'Navi not speak to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi for three
(a) What did Rav Yehudah Amar Rav say about the curse of a Chacham?
(b) When David was digging the foundations for the Beis-Hamikdash, and the
depths threatened to drown the world, David asked a She'eilah. How could he
dig the foundations of the Beis-Hamikdash, considering that he had not yet
purchased the land on which it was to be built, from Aravnah ha'Yevusi?
(a) What was David's She'eilah? How did he aim to confine the water of the
depths to its current location?
Answers to questions
(b) Eventually, Achitofel resolved David's She'eilah.
What 'Kal va'Chomer'
did he Darshen to permit it?
(c) How did Rav Yehudah Amar Rav learn his Din from that episode? What
subsequently happened to Achitofel and why?
(d) Why did Achitofel strangle himself?
How did Rebbi Avahu learn from Eli and Shmuel that the curse of a Chacham
materializes even if the condition that accompanies it is fulfilled?
(a) And what does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav learn from Yehudah, whose bones
'rolled in the coffin'?
(b) What were Yehudah's bones doing in the desert anyway"?
(c) What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan learn from the
juxtaposition of the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'Berachah "Y'chi Reuven ve'Al Yamos"
to that of "ve'Zos li'Yehudah ... "?
(d) What is the connection between Reuven and Yehudah in this context?
(e) When Moshe Davened 'Sh'ma Hashem Kol Yehudah", Yehudah's bones knitted
What happened when he said ...
- ... "ve'El Amo Tevi'enu"?
- ... "Yadav Rav Lo"?
- ... "ve'Eizer mi'Tzarav Tiheyeh"?
(a) We ask whether the death of one of the Kohanim Gedolim will suffice to
release the murderers from the Arei Miklat or whether all of them (either a
Mashu'ach or a Merubeh Begadim plus the others) must die to release them.
What does the following Mishnah say about a case where the Din of a murderer
is concluded when there is no incumbent Kohen Gadol?
(b) How do we resolve our She'eilah from there?
(a) What does our Mishnah rule in a case where the Kohen Gadol died ...
(b) We already cited the Mishnah's ruling that if the murderer's Din was
concluded before a new Kohen Gadol had been appointed, then he would never
be permitted to go free.
- ... after the murderer's Din was concluded, before he had a chance to run to the Ir Miklat?
- ... and they appointed a new one, before his Din was concluded?
What does the Tana say in a case where someone
killed a Kohen Gadol or the Kohen Gadol killed him?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk "Asher Nas Shamah"? Which three stages
does this incorporate?
(d) What if K'lal Yisrael needed him, like for example, Yo'av the
commander-in-chief of the army, who were about to go to war?
(a) Was the Go'el ha'Dam permitted to kill the murderer if he caught up with
him outside the walls of the town, but within the T'chum (the Shabbos
boundaries) of the town?
(b) According to Rebbi Yossi Hagelili, if a Rotze'ach left the Ir Miklat, it
was a Mitzvah for the Go'el ha'Dam to kill him.
How about anybody else?
(c) What does Rebbi Akiva say?
(a) What reason does Abaye give for the Din in our Mishnah that a murderer
does not go into Galus if the Kohen Gadol dies after the G'mar Din?
(b) How do we answer the Pircha that perhaps a murderer who has been in
Galus has at least attained a Kaparah, whereas one who has not been in Galus
(c) What does Rav Kahana learn from the Pasuk "Veyashav Bah ad Mos ha'Kohen
ha'Gadol Asher Mashach Oso be'Shemen ha'Kodesh"? Since when was the murderer
the one to anoint the Kohen Gadol?
(d) Since the second Kohen Gadol was not yet anointed at the time when the
murderer killed, how is he to be blamed for not Davening for it not to
(a) What does Abaye say about a murderer whose Din is concluded, but who
dies before he manages to run to an Ir Miklat?
(b) How does he extrapolate this ruling from the Pasuk "Lashuv *Lasheves
ba'Aretz* ad Mos ha'Kohen ha'Gadol"?
(c) And what does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk "Yashuv ha'Rotze'ach el
(a) Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha argue over a case where the Kohen
Gadol is declared a ben Gerushah or a ben Chalutzah after the conclusion of
the murderer's Din. One them says 'Meisah Kehunah'.
Answers to questions
What does he mean by
(b) What does the other one say?
(c) Initially, we link the above Machlokes to a Machlokes Tana'im in
Terumos. Rebbi Eliezer holds there that if a Kohen who is serving on the
Mizbe'ach discovers that he is a ben Gerushah ... , all the Korbanos that he
brought until then are Pasul.
What does Rebbi Yehoshua say?
(d) We conclude however, that even if Rebbi Eliezer cannot hold 'Meisah
Kehunah', Rebbi Yehoshua might concede 'Batlah Kehunah'.
On what basis
then, would the Korbanos that he brought until that moment be valid?