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Previous dafMegilah 21
MEGILAH 21-24 (3rd-6th days of Sukos 5760) - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann
of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for Torah and those who study it.
1) [line 10] SIDUR BAZICHIN
(a) The Lechem ha'Panim (Showbread) is an offering of 12 loaves (that are
Matzah) which are arranged in two stacks (Sedarim), six loaves to each
stack, on the Golden Table of the Mishkan or Beis ha'Mikdash. Fresh loaves
were arranged on the Table every Shabbos and are left there until the
following Shabbos. The Kohanim eat the loaves that are removed. (Vayikra
(b) A Kometz (the amount that will fit under the middle three fingers when
they are pressed upon the palm) of Levonah (frankincense) is placed
alongside each stack in a Bazach (bowl). Only the Levonah is offered on the
Mizbe'ach. The offering of the Levonah permits the loaves to be eaten.
*****PEREK #3 HA'KOREI OMED*****
2) [line 2] V'ECHAD METARGEM - and one translates (into Aramaic)
3) [line 7] YAHAVEI DA'ATAIHU V'SHAM'EI - they pay attention and (are able
4) [line 11] OVER L'ASIYASAN - before he performs them (see Insights)
5) [line 12] LISHNA D'AKDUMEI - A language of preceding
6) [line 13] "VA'YARATZ .." - "Then Achima'atz ran by the way of the plain,
and overtook the Kushi." (Shmuel II 18:23)
7) [line 18] U'VARICH MN"CH LA'ACHAREHA - And he blessed "Al Mikra Megilah"
('M'), "she'Asah Nisim la'Avoseinu" ('N') and "she'Hecheyanu" ('CH', since
the root is 'Chay')
19) [line 41] ASARAH BATLANIN - (a) ten people supported by the community to
stay in the Beis Keneses throughout the day and be available to make a
Minyan for prayer (RASHI here and to 5a); (b) ten people who work during the
day but arrive at the Beis Keneses early in the morning and stay late in the
evening to be available to make a Minyan for prayer (RAN 5a)
9) [line 39] TORMIN ES HA'LISHKAH
(a) Every year, one half a Shekel was collected from every Jew to fund the
Korbenos Tzibur that were offered in the Beis ha'Mikdash. Beis Din placed
the money that was collected in a room in the Mikdash reserved for that
purpose (see Background to Yoma 55:7, "Shekalim").
(b) At three times during the year (before each of the three festivals),
Beis Din filled three boxes, each of which held three Se'in (approximately
25 or 43.2 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions) with
Shekalim from that room. The portion that was set aside in the boxes was
called the "Terumas ha'Lishkah," while the remainder of the Shekalim were
called "Sheyarei ha'Lishkah" (Shekalim 7b, 8a). (See Insights to Shekalim
(c) There is a difference of opinion as to why the Terumas ha'Lishkah was
done three times a year rather than just once. One opinion states that the
reason was only to publicize the Terumas ha'Lishkah (Shekalim 2b, see
Insights there). According to others, Beis Din was concerned that the
Terumas ha'Lishkah should be collected from the Shekalim that arrived later
in the year (this opinion is also mentioned in the Yerushalmi, ibid.).
(d) The Shekalim from the Terumas ha'Lishkah were used to purchase the
animals needed for public sacrifices, while the Shekalim from the Sheyarei
ha'Lishkah were used to buy other goods necessary for the upkeep of the
Mikdash and the entire city of Yerushalayim (Shekalim 4a-b).
10) [line 42] MA'ALIN BA'KODESH V'LO MORIDIN
When a person or object receives a higher status of holiness, we do not
lower its status at a later time. We may only raise it to a higher level.