POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Megilah 4
MEGILAH 2-5 (Elul 27-Rosh Hashanah 5760) - have been dedicated by Dr.
Jack and Sarah Dimenstein of Zurich Switzerland. May they be blessed
with a year of health and prosperity, physical and spiritual!
1) WALLED CITIES FROM THE DAYS OF YEHOSHUA BIN NUN
(a) R. Yehoshua Ben Levi: Lud, Ono, and Guy Hacharashim were
surrounded by a wall from the days of Yehoshua Bin Nun
2) THE OBLIGATION OF READING THE MEGILAH
(b) Question: (Two of) these were built later, by Alpa'el!
(c) (verse) Alpa'el's sons were Eiver and Mesha'am and
Shemar; he built Ono and Lud and its villages.
(d) Counter Question: Another verse says that Asa built them!
(e) Answer to both questions (R. Eliezer): These were built
in the days of Yehoshua Bin Nun, destroyed in the war
against Binyamin, and rebuilt by Alpa'el. They fell
again, and Asa fixed them.
(f) Support (verse): "Let us build these cities" -
apparently, they already were cities.
(a) R. Yehoshua Ben Levi: Women must read the Megilah,
because they were also party to the miracle.
3) VILLAGERS READ EARLY ON THE DAY OF GATHERING
(b) R. Yehoshua Ben Levi: When Purim falls on Shabbos, we
publicly expound the Megilah.
1. Question: This is obvious, the same is true of any
(c) R. Yehoshua Ben Levi: One must read the Megilah at night
and *Lishnosah* by day.
2. (Beraisa ): Moshe enacted that we should expound
laws of Pesach, Shavuous and Sukos, each on its day!
3. Answer: We must hear the law regarding Purim, since
we might have thought to prohibit it, lest one carry
(a Megilah) in a public domain; Rabah says that this
is why we do not read the Megilah itself on Shabbos.
1. We learn this from the verse "I call to you by day
... and night".
2. We are thinking that *Lishnosah* means to learn the
Mishnayos of Megilah.
3. (R. Yirmiyah): No, it means to repeat (the reading).
4. (support - R. Chelbo): One must read the Megilah at
night and in the day, as hinted in the verse, "to
sing to you and not be silent".
(a) (R. Chanina): We were lenient on villagers, in order that
they should (be free to) supply food and water to the
cities (on Purim).
(b) Question: Was the enactment really to help the cities?
4) THE DAYS ON WHICH THE MEGILAH IS READ
1. (Mishnah) When the 14th falls on Monday, villagers
and city-dwellers read on that day.
2. If the enactment is to help city-dwellers, let the
villagers read the previous Thursday!
3. Answer: We did not institute to read on the 10th.
4. (Mishnah) When the 14th falls on Thursday, villagers
read on that day.
5. Question: If the enactment is to help city-dwellers,
let the villagers read the previous Monday (the
6. Answer: We do not push aside a day of assembly to
read on a different day of assembly.
7. (Mishnah) R. Yehudah: The enactment only applies in
places where villagers enter on days of assembly.
8. If the enactment is to help city-dwellers,it should
9. Retraction: The enactment is *because* villagers
supply food and water to the cities.
(a) Question: Why does the Mishnah begin by listing the days
of the month in order, and then switches to list the days
of the week?
(b) Answer: If we listed on order, how the Megilah may be
read on the 11th, then the 12th, etc. the order would be
haphazard, and people would err.
(c) Our Mishnah is like Rebbi or R. Yosi, as we explain.
(d) (Beraisa ) When the 14th falls on Friday, villagers and
city dwellers read on Thursday, walled-city dwellers read
on Friday; Rebbi says that city dwellers also read on
1. (verse) "Every year"
(e) (Beraisa ) When the 14th falls on Friday, villagers and
walled cities read on Thursday; open cities read on
Friday; R. Yosi says that walled cities also read on
2. The first Tana learns that every year, city dwellers
read before walled city dwellers.
3. Question: Why not say that every year, city dwellers
read on the 14th?
4. Answer: This is impossible (since we are more
concerned that they read before the walled cities).
5. Rebbi learns that "every year", cities are not
pushed off from the 14th.
6. Question: Why not say that every year, city dwellers
read before walled city dwellers?
7. Answer: This is impossible (since we are more
concerned that they read on the 14th).
1. The first Tana learns that "Every year", open cities
read on the 14th, and on a different day than walled
(f) Question: Does Rebbi really hold that open cities do not
read early on the day of assembly?
2. Question: Let us say, every year walled cities do
not read before the open cities!
3. Answer: This is not possible (since he is more
concerned that they read on different days).
4. R. Yosi learns that "every year", walled cities do
not read before the open cities.
5. Question: Let us say, every year they read on
6. Answer: This is not possible (since he is more
concerned that walled cities not read before the
1. (Beraisa ) When the 14th falls on Shabbos, villagers
read on Thursday, open cities on Friday, and walled
cities on Sunday; Rebbi says that since open cities
are pushed off, they are pushed back to Thursday.
(g) Answer: There, once they are being pushed off, they are
pushed back to Thursday. When the 14th falls on Friday,
there is no need to push them off.
(h) Question: Like whom is the following teaching:
(i) (R. Chelbo): When the 14th falls on Shabbos, all are
pushed off to Thursday.
1. Question: This cannot be - certainly, walled cities
read on Sunday!
(j) Answer: The teaching is as Rebbi.
2. Correction: He means, all that are pushed off are
pushed off to Thursday.
(k) Question: All agree that the Megilah is not read on
Shabbos - why?
(l) Answer (Rabah): All must hear the Megilah, but some are
not skilled to read it, perhaps such a person will carry
it in a public domain to learn from one who knows.
1. This is the same reason why we do not blow the
Shofar or take the Lulav on Shabbos.
(m) Answer#2 (Rav Yosef): Because the poor look forward to
gifts which are distributed on the day we read (and these
may not be given on Shabbos).
1. (support - Beraisa ) Even though villagers read
early, we collect and give gifts to the poor on the
day they read.
2. Question: Just the opposite - because they read
early, we collect and give the gifts on that day!
3. Correction of Beraisa : Because villagers read
early, we collect and give the gifts on that day,
since the poor look forward to them.