POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Megilah 6
MEGILAH 6-10 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) IDENTIFICATION OF CERTAIN CITIES
(a) R. Yochanan identified 3 cities:
2) YISRAEL AND EDOM
1. Chamas is Teverya; it is called Chamas because of
its Chamim (hot springs).
(b) Question (Rava): Does anyone really say that Rekes is not
2. Rekes is Tzipori; it is called Rekes because it is
above, as Riksa (the bank) of a river is above the
3. Kineres is Ginosar; it is called Kineres because its
fruit is as sweet as the voice of Kinari (lyres).
1. When someone dies here (in Bavel), they eulogize
there (in Teverya): "He was great in Shishak
(Bavel),and famous in Rekes"
(c) Rava argues on R. Yochanan on 2 points:
2. When the coffin is sent for burial in Teverya, they
eulogize: "Lovers of Yisrael, dwellers of Rekes, go
out and receive those killed in the valley".
3. When R. Zeira died, he was eulogized (in Teverya),
"The land of Shinar (Bavel) conceived and gave
birth; the land like a deer (Eretz Yisrael) raised
her (Bavel's) delight; 'woe to her' says Rekes, for
she has lost her precious vessel"!
1. Chamas is Chami (the hot springs of) Grar.
(d) R. Yirmiyah argues: The real name of the city is Rekes;
it is called Teverya because it sits B'tibura (in the
middle) of Eretz Yisrael.
2. Rekes is Teverya; it is called Rekes, since the
emptiest people in it are full of mitzvas as a Rimon
(e) (Rabah): Its name is Rekes; it is called Teverya because
"Tova re'iyasah", its view is good.
(f) (Ze'ira): Kitron is Tzipori; it is called Tzipori because
it sits at the top of the mountain as a bird.
(g) Question: Is Kitron really Tzipori? Kitron is part of
1. (verse): "Zevulun did not expel the inhabitants of
Kitron and Nahalol".
(h) Another question: If Kitron is Tzipori, why was Zevulun
complaining, Tzipori is excellent!
2. (verse): "Zevulun is a blasphemous nation" - they
complained to Hashem, "Naftoli is on the high
fields" - the other tribes received fields and
vineyards, and I received mountains and hills; they
received land, I received seas and rivers.
3. Hashem answers: They will all need you for the
Chalazon (a fish from which Tcheles, needed for
Tzitzis, is obtained).
i. (verse): "The nations call to the mountain, and
the treasure hidden in the sand".
ii. (Rav Yosef): "Treasure" is Chalazon, "hidden"
is Tiryas (a fish, perhaps what we call tuna),
"sand" is Zekukis Levana (a precious crystal)
4. (verse): "Zevulun: Hashem, who will tell me (people
will steal the Chalazon)!
5. Hashem: "There they will sacrifice righteously" -
anyone who steals it will not succeed in his
1. Suggestion: Perhaps It is not flowing with milk and
(i) Answer: In any case, Zevulun preferred fields and
2. Rejection: But Reish Lakish saw 16 Mil by 16 Mil
flowing with milk and honey in Tzipori!
3. Suggestion: Perhaps the other tribes received more.
4. Rejection (Rabah Bar Bar Chanah): All of Eretz
Yisrael contains 22 Parsa by 6 Parsa of 'milk and
honey' land (which is less than 10 times as much as
1. Support (verse): "Naftoli is on the high fields".
(j) (R. Avahu - verse): "Akron will be uprooted" - this is
Kisari of Edom which sits among the sands; this was a
dagger to harm Yisrael in the days of the Yevanim.
(k) When the Chashmonaim overpowered the Yevanim, they called
it "Achidas Migdal Shir".
(l) (R. Yosi Bar Chanina - verse): "I will take away his
bloods from his mouth, and his abominations from between
his teeth, and he will also remain to our Lord" - Hashem
will remove their idolatries, and the shuls and Bais
Medrashes of Edom will remain to Hashem.
(m) "And it will be like a teacher in Yehuda, and Ekron like
Yerushalayim" - these are the meeting places, in which
leaders of Yehuda will publcily teach Torah.
(n) (R. Yitzchak): "Lesehem" is Pamyas (the source of the
Jordan River); "Akron will be uprooted" is Kisari of
Edom, which was a city of kings.
1. Some say that it was a place where they raise kings.
2. Others say that it is where kings are appointed.
(a) It cannot happen that both Yerushalayim and Kisari are
both desolate, nor that both are settled.
(b) If one is settled, the other is desolate.
1. (Support from the verse): "I will fill the
destroyed" - if this is full, the other is
(c) (R. Yitzchak - verse): "The Rasha will be graced, he will
not advocate" - Yitzchak asked Hashem to be gracious to
2. (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): We learn this from this
verse - "one nation will overpower the other
1. Hashem answers: He is evil!
(d) (R. Yitzchak - verse): "Hashem, do not give the desires
of a Rasha (evil one), he should not carry out his plot"
- Yaakov asked Hashem, do not let Esav the desire of his
2. Yitzchak: One cannot speak well of him?
3. Hashem: He will destroy Eretz Yisrael in the future.
4. Yitzchak: If so, he should not see the greatness of
3) WHICH LAWS APPLY IN EACH ADAR
1. Let him not carry out his plot - this is Germamya of
Edom - if they would be released, they would destroy
the entire world.
(e) R. Yitzchak : Do not believe one who says that he toiled
in Torah and did not find, nor one who says that he found
2. (R. Chama Bar Chanina): Germamya has 300 crowned
princes, and 365 provinces in Edom; every day, they
confront one another, and kill one of them, and they
are busy appointing a new king.
1. If he says that he toiled and found, believe him.
(f) (R. Yitzchak): If you see a Rasha on whom the hour is
smiling, do not confront him (from the verse "Do not
compete with evildoers).
2. In business, all is possible, through help from
3. Even in Torah, this was only said to learn sharply;
remembering the teachings depends on help from
1. Further, "his ways succeed at all times".
(g) Question: This cannot be!
2. Further, he will win in his case - "Your judgments
are removed from him".
3. Further, he sees (the downfall of) his enemies -
"All his tormentors, he will blow on them".
1. (R. Yochanan - verse) "Those that abandon the Torah
praise a Rasha; those that guard the Torah will
confront him" - we may confront Reshaim in this
(h) Strengthening the question (Beraisa - R. Dostoy): we may
confront Reshaim in this world.
1. The verse "Do not compete with evildoers, do not be
jealous of those that do unjustly" - one who fears
because he has sinned, says that the verse says not
to confront them.
(i) Answer: One should confront a Rasha in spiritual matters,
not in his personal affairs.
2. Really, the verse says not to go in their ways.
3. (Support - verse): "Don't let your heart envy
(j) Answer#2: Only a total Tzadik may confront a Rasha in his
1. Support (Rav Huna - verse): "Why do you look at
traitors, you are silent when a Rasha swallows one
more righteous than himself" - a Rasha may swallow
one more righteous than himself, but not a total
(k) Answer#3: Normally, one may confront a Rasha; when the
hour is smiling on him is an exception.
(l) (Ula): Italia of Yavan is a great city of Rome; it is 300
Parsa by 300 Parsa.
1. It has 365 markets, as the number of days in the
year; the smallest is of fowl vendors, which is 16
Mil by 16 Mil.
2. Each day, the king eats in a market; whoever lives
in it (even if not born there), or was born there
(even if he does not live there) receives food from
the kings house.
3. It hass 3000 bathhouses, and 500 windows spew smoke
outside the wall.
4. One side is the sea, one side is hills and
mountains, one side is an iron barrier, and one side
is fine rocks.
(a) Mishnah: If the Megilah was read in the 1st Adar, and the
year was declared a leap year, we read it again in the
(b) The only differences between the 2 Adars are the reading
of the Megilah and gifts to the poor.
(c) Gemara: We infer, both Adars are the same regarding the 4
special (Maftir) portions.
(d) Question: The Mishnah is not like any of the 3 tannaim of
the coming Beraisa!
(e) (Beraisa): If the Megilah was read in the 1st Adar, and
the year was declared a leap year, we read it again in
the 2nd Adar; All mitvas which appply in the second Adar
apply in the 1st, except for the reading of the Megilah;
1. R. Eliezer Bar R. Yosi says, we do not read it in
the 2nd Adar, because all mitzvas which apply in the
second apply in the 1st;
(f) Elucidation of question (d): The Mishnah is unlike the
1st tanna, who says that even gifts to the poor do not
apply in Adar 1.
2. R. Shimon Ben Gamliel says, we even read in the 2nd
Adar, since all mitzvas which apply in the 2nd don't
apply in the 1st.
3. Eulogies and fasting are forbidden on the 14th and
15th of both months.
4. Question: What is the difference between the first
tanna and R. Shimon Ben Gamliel?
5. Answer (Rav Papa): They argue regarding the 4
Parshas; the first tanna says that if they were read
in the 1st Adar, one need not repeat them.
i. R. Shimon Ben Gamliel says that the Parshas
must be repeated.
1. It is not like R. Eliezer Bar R. Yosi, who says that
the Megilah may be read in Adar
(g) Answer: Really, the Mishnah is like the 1st tanna; when
he said "except for reading the Megilah, gifts to the
poor were included, since these depend on the reading.
2. It is not like R. Shimon Ben Gamliel, who says that
even the Parshas must be repeated.
(h) Answer#2: The Mishnah is like R. Shimon Ben Gamliel; it
really says as follows.
1. The only difference between the 14th of the 2 Adars
is the Megilah reading and gifts; they are the same
regarding eulogies and fasting; the Mishnah does not
deal with the Parshas.
(i) (R. Chiya Bar Avin): The halacha is like R. Shimon Ben
(j) (R. Yochanan): R. Eliezer and R. Shimon both learned from
the same verse, "In every year and year".
1. R. Eliezer says that every year, we celebrate in the
month next to Shevat.
2. R. Shimon says that every year we celebrate in the
month adjacent to Nisan.
3. We understand the reason of R. Eliezer - we do not
pass over mitzvas.
4. Question: What is the reason for R. Shimon?
5. Answer (R. Tavi): It is better to put redemptions
close to each other.
6. Answer#2 (R. Elazar): He learns from the verse, "To
fulfill this 2nd letter of Purim".