POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Megilah 8
MEGILAH 6-10 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
(a) Mishnah: One who vowed not to benefit from his friend,
has only 2 stringencies above one who vowed not to eat
from him: he may not walk on his property, and he may not
borrow vessels not used for food.
2) LAWS OF A ZAV
(b) Gemara: We infer that neither may borrow vessels used for
(c) Question: Why can he not walk on his property - people do
(d) Answer: Our Mishnah is like R. Eliezer, who says that
Vitur (benefits which people give freely) is prohibited
to someone that vowed not to get benefit.
(e) Mishnah: The only stringency of a Neder (acceptance to
bring a Korban) over a Nedavah (declaring that a certain
animal is a Korban) is that one must bring a substitute
for a Neder if it cannot be offered.
(f) (Gemara): We infer, they are the same regarding the
mitzva not to delay bringing one's Korban.
(g) (Mishnah): A Neder is when a person says, "it is upon me
to bring an Olah"; a Nedavah is when a person says, "this
is an Olah". The difference is, if a Neder dies, is
stolen or lost, the person must bring a different animal,
but by a Nedavah, he is exempt.
(h) (Beraisa): R. Shimon learns this from the verse "It will
be acceptable to him to atone *upon him*"; what is *upon*
a person, he must make restitution for; not for what is
not upon a person.
1. Question: How is this learned from the verse?
2. Answer (R. Yitzchak Bar Avdimi): Once he says "upon
me", it is as if he bore it on his shoulders.
(a) Mishnah: The only stringency of a Zav (a man that had
seminal emissions) who saw 3 emissions over one who saw 2
is the need to bring a Korban.
(b) (Gemara): We infer, they have the same law for making
impure Mishkav and Moshav (vessels special for sitting or
lying on), and must both count 7 days without emissions
to become pure.
1. Question: From where do we know this?
(c) The teaching of R. Simai and the verse "Mizovo" are both
2. Answer (Beraisa - R. Simai): The Torah called a Zav
impure after 2 sightings, and again after 3
sightings. We deduce, after 2 sightings he is
impure, after 3, he brings a Korban.
3. Question: Let us say, 2 sightings make him impure,
without a need for a Korban; 3 sightings require a
Korban, but he is pure!
4. Answer: This is illogical - before he sees 3, he
sees 2, and is already impure!
5. Question: Let us say, after 2 sightings he brings a
Korban, but is pure; the 3rd sighting adds impurity.
6. Answer: This cannot be - (Beraisa - verse): "The
Kohen will atone for him in front of Hashem
*Mizovo*" (*from* his emission) - some Zavs bring a
Korban (those that saw 3 times), others (who saw
only twice) do not.
7. Question: Perhaps, one who saw twice brings, but not
one who saw 3 times!
8. Answer: One who saw 3 times, already saw twice!
1. If we did not have "Mizovo", I would think as
(d) Question: If "Mizovo" teaches as we said, what will we
learn from the verse "When the Zav will become pure
2. If we did not have R. Simai, we would not know how
many sightings obligate one to bring a Korban.
(e) Answer (Beraisa): "When the Zav will become pure" - when
his emissions will cease;
1. "Mizovo" - and not from his emissions and plague (he
need not become pure of his plague before counting
the days to become pure from his emissions);
2. "Mizovo v'Siper" - (the adjacency of these words)
teaches that a Zav who saw 2 emissions needs to
count 7 clean days.
3. Question: We do not need a verse to know this!
i. Since he makes impure Mishkav and Moshav, he
certainly must count 7 clean days!
3) CLOSED AND ABSOLUTE LEPERS
(f) Question (Rav Papa): Why does "Mizovo" come here ((e)2.)
to include one who saw twice, but above ((b)6.) it
excludes one who saw twice!
ii. Answer: We could not learn from that - A
Shomeres Yom k'Neged Yom makes impure Mishkav
and Moshav, but doesn't need 7 clean days!
Therefore, we must learn from the verse.
(g) Answer (Abaye): Here, if it was coming to exclude, there
would be no need to write it - we would have no source
that 7 clean days are required!
1. We can't learn from the fact that he makes impure
Mishkav and Moshav, as we said (3.ii.).
(h) Question: We already learned from this "Mizovo", that he
need not purify from his plague first!
(i) Answer: If only that was to be learned, the Torah would
have said "when the Zav will become pure"; the word
"Mizovo" is extra, to teach that after 2 sightings, 7
clean days are required.
(a) Mishnah: The only stringency of a Metzora Muchlat
(absolute leper) above a Musgar (closed) is tearing
clothing and letting his hair grow:
4) LANGUAGES IN WHICH SEFORIM, TEFILIN AND MEZUZAS MAY BE WRITTEN
(b) The only additional steps of purification of an absolute
leper over a closed leper are birds and shaving.
(c) Gemara: We infer that they are the same regarding being
sent from the city and impurity.
(d) Question: What is the source that a Musgar is exempt from
tearing clothing and letting his hair grow?
1. (Rav Shmuel Bar Yitzchak): We learn this from the
verse, "The Kohen will purify him ... and he will be
pure", he was always pure (exempt) from tearing
clothing and letting his hair grow.
(e) Answer#2 (Rava): We learn from the verse "The leper that
the plague is in" - tearing clothing and letting hair
grow only apply to one whose leprosy depends on his body
(a Muchlat; a Musgar is impure for 7 days, even if the
plague goes away).
2. Question (Rava): It also says by a Zav, "and he will
be pure" - and we cannot explain there, he was
always pure from something!
i. Rather, there it must mean, he is now pure from
contaminating earthenware vessels which he
moves; even if he sees another emission, and is
retroactively impure, the vessels which he
moved in the meantime are pure.
ii. Also by the leper, the verse teaches that even
if the plague will return, vessels in a house
he entered in the meantime are pure.
1. Question (Abaye - verse): "All the days that the
plague is in him" - by the above reasoning, this
should say that a Musgar need not be sent outside
(f) Question: What is the source that a Musgar does not need
birds and shaving to become pure?
2. One cannot say that this is so - the Mishnah did not
list this as a stringency of a Muchlat!
3. Answer (Rava - verse): "All the days" teaches that
also a Musgar is sent from the city.
(g) Answer (Abaye - verse): "... the plague is healed from
the leper", birds and shaving are only needed for one
whose purification depends on healing of the plague (and
not a Musgar, whose purification depends on days).
(a) Mishnah: The only difference between Seforim and Tefilin
and Mezuzas is that Seforim may be written in any
language; Tefilin and Mezuzas may only be written
(b) R. Shimon Ben Gamliel says that the only other language
for Seforim is Yevanis.
(c) Gemara: We infer, they have the same law of being sewn
with sinews and making hands impure.
(d) Question: The Mishnah contradicts this Beraisa: The
following 3 do not make hands impure:
1. *Mikra* (words of the Bible in Hebrew) which were
written Targum (Aramaic translation).
2. Targum (words of the Bible in Aramaic) which were
written in Hebrew.
3. Hebrew letters written *Ivri*.
4. Only letters written *Ashuris*, in a Sefer with ink
make hands impure.