POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Megilah 16
MEGILAH 16, 17, 18, and 19 (1st day of Sukos) sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) THE DOWNFALL OF HAMAN
(a) (R. Asi): If mortal writing for the merit of Yisrael is
not erased, all the more so writing of Heaven!
2) WHEN YOSEF REVEALED HIMSELF TO HIS BROTHERS
(b) "Nothing was done for him" (Rava): They responded thusly
out of hate for Haman, not out of love for Mordechai.
(c) (Beraisa): "He prepared (a gallows) for him" - for
(d) Achashverosh: "Do so to Mordechai".
1. Haman: Which Mordechai?
(e) Haman found Mordechai teaching laws of Kemitzah. When
Mordechai saw Haman coming, he thought he had come to
kill him. He told his students to leave, and davened.
Haman sat by the students until Mordechai finished
2. Achashverosh: "The Jew"!
3. Haman: Many Jews are named Mordechai.
4. Achashverosh: "That sits in the gate of the king".
5. Haman: It is enough to give him (tax collection
rights) over a village or river.
6. Achashverosh: Give him that also - "Don't omit
anything you said".
1. Haman: What were you learning?
(f) Haman: Put on these garments and ride the horse; this is
the king's desire.
2. Students: When we have the Temple, one who brings a
Minchah offering takes a handful of flour and gets
3. Haman: A handful of your flour overcame my 10,000
4. Mordechai: Evil one! A slave that acquired things,
he and his possessions belong to his master!
(g) Mordechai: It is not proper to use the royal garments
before I go to the bathhouse and cut my hair.
1. Esther closed all the bathhouses and barbers, so
Haman had to bathe him and cut his hair; he sighed.
(h) After he cut his hair, he dressed him in the garments.
Haman: Get up and ride.
2. Mordechai: What's wrong?
3. Haman: Someone who was more important to the king
than all the nobles, must serve as a bathhouse
attendant and barber!
4. Mordechai: Evil one! You used to be a village
1. Mordechai: I can't, I'm weak from fasting.
(i) As Haman was leading Mordechai, he passed by his own
house. His daughter saw from the roof; she assumed that
Haman was riding, and that Mordechai was in front. She
threw a urinal on her father. When she saw that it was
her father, she fell to the ground and died.
2. Haman bent down, so Mordechai could step on him to
mount the horse. As he did so, he kicked him.
3. Haman: Doesn't it say, "In the fall of your enemy,
4. Mordechai: That applies to us; by you, it says, "And
you will step on their high places".
1. (Rav Shashes): "Haman hastened to his house,
mourning" - over his daughter.
(j) Question: "Haman told his wife Zeresh and all his
friends" - then it calls them "his wise men"!
(k) Answer (R. Yochanan): Even one from other nations who
says a wise thing is called a Chacham.
(l) "If Mordechai is from the seed of ha'Yehudim" - if he is
from other tribes, you can overcome him; if he is from
Yehuda, Binyamin, Efrayim or Menashe, you cannot.
1. Yehuda - as it says "Your hand is on the neck of
(m) Question: "Fall, you will fall in front of him" (R.
Yehuda Bar Ilai): Why the doubled language?
2. The other 3 - "In front of Efrayim, Binyamin and
Menashe, stir up your might".
(n) Answer: They told him, Jews are compared to dirt and
stars. When they descend, they are as dirt. When they
rise, they rise to the stars (and their enemies fall in
front of them).
(o) Esther told Achashverosh: "The oppressor is not concerned
for damage to the king. He envied Vashti and killed her;
he envies me, and wants to kill me!
(p) "The king said ... he said" - (R. Avahu): first he
addressed her through a translator; when she told him
that she descends from Shaul, he addressed her himself.
(q) "An oppressor and enemy, this evil Haman" (R. Elazar):
She was pointing towards Achashverosh; an angel came and
directed her hand towards Haman.
(r) "The king rose in his anger ... he returned from the
garden" - we equate the rising and coming, the coming was
also in anger.
1. He found angels that appeared as people, cutting
down trees of the garden; they told him, they were
instructed to do so by Haman.
(s) In the house, "Haman *is falling* on the bed" - (R.
Elazar): An angel was pushing him on Esther.
(t) (R. Elazar): Charbano the evil was initially part of the
plot. Now that he saw that it was failing, he abandoned
(u) "The anger of the king *Shachachah* (eased)" - the extra
Chaf suggests 2 angers, of Hashem and Achashverosh; some
say, over Vashti and over Esther.
(a) Question: "To all, (Yosef) gave clothing; to Binyamin he
gave 5 changes of clothing" - how could Yosef stumble in
something which he suffered from?
(Rava Bar Machsiya): The extra garment which Yakov gave Yosef
caused our fathers to descend to Egypt.
(b) Answer (R. Binyamin Bar Yafet): Yosef hinted to Binyamin
he will have a descendant that will go in front of the
king in 5 royal garments.
3) THE VICTORY OF THE JEWS
(c) "And (Yosef) fell on (Binyamin's) *necks*)" - (R.
Elazar): he cried over the 2 Temples in Binyamin's
portion which would be destroyed. Binyamin cried over the
Mishkan in Shilo (in Yosef's portion) which would be
(d) "Your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Binyamin" (R.
Elazar): Just as I bear no grudge against Binyamin, who
was not party to selling me, I bear no grudge against
(e) "For my mouth speaks to you" - my mouth is as my heart.
(f) "He sent to his father ... from the best of Egypt" (R.
Binyamin Bar Yafet): old wine, which old people enjoy.
(g) "Also his brothers fell in front of him" - (R. Binyamin
Bar Yafet): As people say, a fox in his time, bow to him.
(h) Question: Why is Yosef any less than his brothers (that
he is likened to a fox)?
(i) Retraction: R. Binyamin learned from "And Yisrael bowed".
(j) "And he spoke to their heart" - (R. Binyamin Bar Yafet):
He said things which are accepted on the heart - 10 lamps
could not extinguish 1, how could 1 lamp extinguish 10?!
(a) "To the Jews was light, Simcha, rejoicing and honor".
(Rav Yehuda): Light is Torah; Simcha is Yom Tov;
rejoicing is circumcision; honor is Tefilin.
1. "All nations of the land will see that Hashem's name
is called upon you - (R. Eliezer ha'Gadol): - These
are Tefilin on the head.
(b) (Rav Ada of Yafo): The 10 sons of Haman and the word
"v'Aseres" should be read in 1 breath, because they died
at the same moment.
(c) (R. Yochanan): The "Vav" of "Vaizasa" should be elongated
like a rod used to distance ships from rocks, because
they were all hung on one gallows.
(d) (R. Chanina Bar Papa): All Shirim (songs, parts of Tanach
in which part of each line is left blank) are written
half-brick (the writing) on top of brick (the blank
part), and brick on top of half-brick, except for the
sons of Haman and the kings of Eretz Yisrael, which are
brick over brick and half-brick over half-brick.
1. This is so they should not rise after their fall.
(e) "The king told Esther, in Shushan the Jews killed ..."
(R. Avahu): an angel slapped him on his mouth (and
reverted from his anger, and asked what else she would
(f) Question: "And when she came before the king, he said
with the Sefer" - it should say, she said!
(g) Answer (R. Yochanan): Jews should say (when they read the
Megilah) that she came before the king.
(h) "Words of Shalom and Emes" (R. Tanchum): The Megilah
requires Sirtut (lines scratched in the parchment to
ensure that the writing will be straight) like the (Emes
(i) Question: "And the utterance of Esther he fulfilled" -
but not the fasts?
(j) Answer (R. Yochanan): He fulfilled the fasts and the
(k) "Mordechai ... pleasing to most of his brothers" - but
not all - a minority of the Sanhedrin separated from him
(because he was second to the king, which detracted from
(l) (Rav Yosef): Learning Torah is greater than saving lives
- at first, Mordechai was listed 5th among the returning
exiles, and after the events of the Megilah, he is listed
(m) (Rav): Learning Torah is greater than building the Temple
- Ezra did not come to build the Temple while Baruch Ben
Neriya (his Rebbe) was alive.
(n) (Rabah): Learning Torah is greater than honoring parents.
(o) Yakov was punished for 22 years that he was away, but not
for the 14 years he learned by Ever.