POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Megilah 22
MEGILAH 21-24 (3rd-6th days of Sukos 5760) - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann
of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for Torah and those who study it.
1) THE READING OF ROSH CHODESH
(a) If he will read the Parsha of 2, and 3 from the Parsha of
5 - only 2 will remain for the last person!
2) HOW MANY READ ON A FAST DAY
(b) Answer (Rava): I did not hear this, but I heard the
answer to a similar question.
(c) (Mishnah): On Sunday, Ma'amados read the Parshas
b'Reishis and Yehi Rakia.
1. (Beraisa): b'Reishis is split among 2 people; one
person reads Yehi Rakia.
(d) Question (Beraisa): A Parsha of 6 verses is read by 2
people; one of 5 verses is read by one.
2. Question: b'Reishis has 5 verses - how do we divide
i. (Beraisa): One does not read less than 3
3. Answer#1 (Rav): The 2nd person repeats a verse read
by the 1st.
4. Answer#2 (Shmuel): Each reads 2 1/2 verses.
i. Rav didn't say as Shmuel - he holds, we do not
split verses of the Torah.
ii. R. Chanina ha'Gadol only permitted splitting a
verse to help children learn, because there is
no other solution!
iii. Shmuel says that here, too, there is no other
iv. Shmuel didn't say as Rav, because we are
concerned that people that enter or leave in
the middle will not know that a verse was
repeated, and will think that the other person
read only 2 verses.
1. If one read 3 verses of the 5, the next person reads
the remaining 2 and 1 of the next Parsha; some say,
he reads 3 of the next Parsha, since we do not start
less than 3 verses of a Parsha.
(e) Answer: It is not possible by b'Reishis, since we do not
want to read Parshas which are far removed from the
events of the day.
2. Why don't we do similarly in reading b'Reishis?
(f) (R. Tanchum): The law is as the second opinion in the
(g) (R. Tanchum): Just as we don't begin less than 3 verses
in a Parsha, we do not leave less than 3 verses in a
(h) Question: This is obvious! The first Tana is lenient to
start less than 3 verses in a Parsha, and the 2nd Tana is
stringent; leaving less than 3 verses in a Parsha, where
the 1st Tana is stringent, all the more so the 2nd Tana
(i) Answer: We might have thought, we are not concerned to
leave less than 3 verses in a Parsha, since it is not
common for people to leave the Torah reading, so there is
no concern (that they will think that the last person
only read 2).
(j) Question: The first Tana says we may not leave less than
3 verses - he is concerned for people leaving; he should
also say that we do not start less than 3 verses in a
Parsha, out of concern for people entering!
(k) Answer: One who enters, asks what happened before.
(l) (Rav Yosef): The law is, the middle person repeats a
(a) Question: How many read on a fast day?
1. The Mishnah said, 4 read on days with Musaf. Fast
days do not have a Musaf sacrifice, but there is an
(b) Answer: The Mishnah said, 4 read on Rosh Chodesh and Chol
ha'Moed - it did not say, on fast days!
(c) Objection: The Mishnah said, 3 read on Monday, Thursday
and Shabbos afternoon - it did not say, on fast days!
1. We cannot bring a proof from the Mishnah.
(d) Rav came to Bavel on a fast day. He blessed before
reading in the Torah, but not after reading. Everyone
fell on their faces (when saying Tachanun), Rav did not.
1. Suggestion: Rav is a Yisrael, he reads 3rd. It must
be, he did not bless afterwards, because someone
else would read after him!
2. Rejection: No Rav read 1st, as Rav Huna used to.
3. Question: Rav Huna read first, because even the
greatest Kohanim of Eretz Yisrael were submissive to
him; but Rav honored Shmuel, who was a Kohen, and
would not read first!
4. Answer: Shmuel was also submissive to Rav; Rav only
honored Shmuel when Shmuel was around.
5. Support: Presumably, he did read first, for it says
that he blessed before reading.
6. Rejection: We can say, he blessed first because the
enactment was made that everyone should bless.
7. Question: If so, he should have blessed after as
8. Answer: In Rav's area, people did not leave during
the reading, there was no need for everyone to bless
(e) (Beraisa): A general rule: any day on which people may
work, such as fasts and Tisha b'Av, 3 people read; days
when people do not work, such as Rosh Chodesh and Chol
ha'Moed, 4 read.
3) FALLING ON ONE'S FACE
(f) Question (Rav Ashi): But the Mishnah said, *every* day
which has Musaf, and is not Yom Tov, 4 read - this rule
must be coming to include fasts and Tisha b'Av!
1. Counter-question: If so, the Mishnah is unlike both
of the following Tana'im!
(g) Seemingly, Rav Ashi is refuted - but how do we answer his
2. (Beraisa): If Tisha b'Av falls on Monday or
Thursday, 3 read and 1 is Maftir; otherwise, 1 reads
and 1 is Maftir;
3. R. Yosi says, in either case, 3 read and 1 is
(h) Answer: The rule comes to teach about Rosh Chodesh and
(i) Question: But these were already taught explicitly!
(j) Answer: The Tana merely gives a way to remember the law,
that we should not come to equate Chol ha'Moed with Yom
(k) Rather, any day which has an attribute over another day,
has an additional reader.
1. Therefore, on Rosh Chodesh and Chol ha'Moed, which
have Musaf, 4 read;
2. On Yom Tov, which has a prohibition against work, 5
3. On Yom Kipur, which has a penalty of excision, 6
4. On Shabbos, which has a penalty of stoning, 7 read.
(a) Question: When Rav came to Bavel, all fell on their
faces, but Rav did not - why not?
(b) Answer: There was a stone floor.
1. (Beraisa): We may bow on the floor of the Temple,
but not on other stone floors.
(c) Question: If so, why did the others fall on their faces?
(d) Answer#1: Only the floor in front of Rav was made of
1. Question: Why didn't Rav move to their place, so he
could fall on his face?
(e) Answer#2: Rav used to spread his hands and feet when he
fell on his face.
2. Answer: He did not want to impose on them to stand
up for him.
1. (Ula): The Torah only prohibited spreading hands and
(f) Answer#3: An important person is different.
2. Question: He should have fell on his face without
spreading his hands and feet!
3. Answer: He did not want to change his custom.
1. (R. Elazar): An important person may not fall on his
face unless he will be answered, as Yehoshua Bin
(g) (Beraisa): "Kidah" is on one's face, as it says,
"va'Tikad (bowed) Bas-Sheva on her face";
1. "Kriah" is on the knees.
(h) Levi showed Rebbe how Hishtachavah is done, and became
2. "Hishtachavah" is spreading hands and feet -
"l'Hishtachavos to you on the ground".
(i) Question: There was a different cause!
1. (R. Elazar): One should never speak harshly towards
Hashem - a great person did so, and became limp -
(j) Answer: Both caused him to become limp.
(k) (R. Chiya Bar Avin): I saw Abaye and Rava lean on their
sides (since important people may not fall on their faces
unless they know they will be answered).