REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Megilah 4
MEGILAH 2-5 (Elul 27-Rosh Hashanah 5760) - have been dedicated by Dr.
Jack and Sarah Dimenstein of Zurich Switzerland. May they be blessed
with a year of health and prosperity, physical and spiritual!
(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi also said that Lud, Ono and Gei ha'Charashim were
walled cities in the time of Yehoshua bin Nun.
To which tribe did they
(b) Why does he need to tell us this, considering that the first two are
already mentioned in the Mishnah in Erchin?
(c) Who rebuilt Lud and Ono, Yehoshua, Elpa'el or Asa? What do we prove from
the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim (regarding Asa) "va'Yomer li'Yehudah, Nivneh es
(d) Considering that the above cities belonged to *Binyamin*, how come that
Asa, King of *Yehudah*, rebuilt them?
(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi furthermore rules that women too, are obligated
to read the Megilah (in spite of the fact that it is a time-related Mitzvah).
Why is that?
(b) What did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi rule with regard to Purim that falls on
(c) What Takanah did Moshe Rabeinu institute with regard to Pesach, Shavu'os
(d) In view of Moshe's ruling (which obviously extends to all minor Yamim-
Tovim as well), why did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi find it necessary to issue
(a) What did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Elokai
Ekra Yomam ve'Lo Sa'aneh, ve'Laylah ve'Lo Dumi'ah Li"?
Answers to questions
(b) How did they initially interpret *'u'le'Shanosah* ba'Yom'?
(c) From which other Pasuk in Tehilim might we learn the same thing?
(a) According to Rebbi Chanina's initial statement, the Chachamim permitted
the villagers to read the Megilah early, so that they should be free on Purim
to provide the people in the cities with water and food (for the Purim
Our Mishnah began by listing the five possible dates on which the Megilah can
If this Takanah is for the benefit of the people of the city, why
does the Mishnah then say that when the fourteenth falls on ...
(b) Rebbi Chanina's initial statement is disproved however, by Rebbi Yehudah,
who says in a Mishnah later that, where it is not customary for the villagers
to go into the towns, they must read the Megilah on the fourteenth (implying
that the concession is for *their own* benefit).
- ... Monday, they read the Megilah then?
- ... Thursday, they read the Megilah then?
How do we therefore amend
Rebbi Chanina's statement to read?
Why, when going into detail, does the Tana switch to the days of
(a) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, when Purim (the fourteenth of
Adar) falls on Friday, the townspeople read the Megilah together with the
villagers on Thursday.
What does Rebbi say?
(b) Both Tana'im derive their respective opinions from the Pasuk "be'Chol
How does ...
(c) Why does the Tana Kama not want to say that, just like every year, the
towns should read on the fourteenth, and Rebbi, that just like every year,
the towns should precede the Mukafin?
- ... the Tana Kama derive his opinion from there?
- ... Rebbi derive *his*?
(a) In another Beraisa, the Tana Kama says that the Mukafin read on Thursday
together with the villagers.
How will we reconcile Rebbi (who just said that the townspeople do not
advance the reading of the Megilah from Friday to Thursday) with what he
himself writes in another Beraisa, that, when Purim falls on Shabbos, the
townspeople advance the reading to Thursday, and read together with the
villagers (and not on Friday)?
How does he then explain "be'Chol Shanah
(b) What does Rebbi Yossi say? How does he counter the Tana Kama's Derashah?
(c) According to this, who will now be the author of our Mishnah, which rules
that, when Purim falls on Friday, the towns read the Megilah together with
the Mukafin, on Friday?
(a) Rebbi Chelbo Amar Rav Huna says that, when Purim falls on Shabbos, 'all
advance the reading to Thursday'.
Why can this statement not be understood
(b) Then what does he really mean to say?
(c) Like which Tana does he hold?
(d) What does the Tana Kama of Rebbi's Beraisa say?
(a) Everyone agrees however, that one does not read the Megilah on Shabbos.
What reason does Rabah give for this decree?
(b) Why does Rabah mention carrying four Amos in the street, rather than
carrying from the house into the street, which is certainly more common?
(c) Rav Yosef adds another reason for the decree.
What is it?
(d) On what grounds are we forced to admit that Rav Yosef does not disagree
with Rabah's reason, but only comes to add an additional one (see Tosfos DH
(a) The Beraisa which the Gemara quotes to substantiate Rav Yosef's reason,
says '*Af-al-Pi* she'Amru Kefarim Makdimin le'Yom ha'Kenisah, Govin Bo be'Yom
u'Mechalkin Bo be'Yom'.
Answers to questions
How do we amend this text?
(b) What is the Tana saying?
(c) When will the villagers fulfill the Mitzvah of Mishlo'ach Manos and