REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Megilah 12
MEGILAH 11-13 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Daniel "Ani Daniel Binosi Bi'Sefarim"?
(b) How does Rava resolve the contradiction between the Pasuk in Yirmiyah,
which predicts that the Galus will last "ad Melos le'Bavel" (on which
Beltshatzar and Achashverosh based their reckoning), and the Pasuk in Daniel,
which says 'le'Chorvos Yerushalayim"?
(c) Which expression (used both in Yirmiyah and in Ezra) substantiates Rava's
(d) What were the ramifications of the Pasuk in Yirmiyah?
(a) Considering that Koresh was not anointed with the anointing oil, what
does the Pasuk in Yeshayah mean when it writes "Koh Amar Hashem li'Meshicho
le'Koresh ... "? What is Hashem's complaint?
(b) First the Pasuk in Esther writes "Cheil Paras u'Madai ha'Partemim", and
then, "le'Malchei Madai u'Faras".
Why does it change from the *satraps* of
Medes to the *kings* of Medes (and why does it change the order of Persia and
Medes - Agados Maharsha)?
(c) What does Rebbi Yossi bar Chanina learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Yekar
*Tif'eres* Gedulaso" (Esther) and "le'Chavod *u'le'Sif'ares*"?
(d) Rav and Shmuel argue over the fact that Achashverosh first made a feast
for his subjects who lived far away and only then, for those subjects who
lived in Shushan.
Why may this have been ...
- ... a wise, diplomatic move?
- ... a foolish, undiplomatic thing to do?
(a) Why did Rebbi Shimon reject his disciples' suggestion that the threat of
Haman was a punishment for participating in Achashverosh's feast?
(b) To what did *he* then ascribe it?
(c) In that case, on what grounds were they spared from death?
(a) Rav and Shmuel also argue over the seating arrangements at the feast:
according to one of them, the lower-class guests sat in the courtyard, the
middle-class, in the garden, and the higher-class, in the palace.
the other one explain the fact that the Megilah mentions all three?
(b) According to the Tana of the Beraisa, all the guests sat in the
In that case, why does the Pasuk mention the garden and the
(c) "Chur Karpas u'Secheiles" partly describes the decor.
"Chur" (to mean needle work with holes in it - because 'Chari' means holes).
How does Shmuel explain it?
(d) How does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina explain "Karpas"?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah explains "Mitos Zahav va'Chasef" to mean that the higher-
class guests reclined on golden couches, and the lower-class ones, on silver
On what grounds does Rebbi Nechemyah reject that explanation?
(b) How does *he* explain the Pasuk?
(c) What does "Bahat va'Sheish" teach us about the floor?
(d) According to Rav, "ve'Dar ve'Sochares" means that they (the guests or the
precious stones) were arranged in circular rows.
What does it mean,
according to ...
- ... Shmuel?
- ... Tana de'Bei Yishmael (according to whom "Dar" is from the same root as 'D'ror')?
(a) What does Rava comment on the Pasuk "ve'Keilim mi'Keilim Shonim" (and not
Answers to questions
(b) What do we learn from ...
(c) "La'asos ki'Retzon Ish va'Ish".
- ... "ve'Yein Malchus"?
- ... "ve'ha'Shesiyah cha'Das"?
- ... "Ein O'neis"?
Who is meant by "Ish va'Ish? What is
the significance of that?
(d) What is the significance of ...
1. ... the fact that Vashti arranged the feast for the women in the main
palace, rather than in the women's section? With which famous folk-saying
does this conform?
2. ... "ba'Yom *ha'Shevi'i*, ka'Tov Leiv ha'Melech ba'Yayin"?
(a) The guests were discussing the beauty of the women of their own
respective countries (Persia or Medes).
What was Achashverosh's reaction?
(b) Why was Vashti ordered to appear before the guests in the way that she
was on Shabbos? How was this measure for measure?
(c) What was strange about Vashti's refusal to comply?
(d) According to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina, she refused because she
What strange thing happened to her according to the
Tana of the Beraisa?
(a) What did Vashti say that so enraged Achashverosh?
(b) Achashverosh consulted the "Chachamim Yod'ei ha'Itim" what to do with
Who were the "Chachamim Yod'ei ha'Itim"?
(c) Why did they decline to issue any ruling?
(d) What reason did they give Achashverosh for declining?
(a) So he consulted his wise men, most of whom were probably from Amon and
Mo'av (see Agados Maharsha). The names of his wise men are all reminiscent
of the great merits of Yisrael. Four of these merits are the lambs for the
Korbanos, the two birds, the Mizbach Adamah and the Bigdei Kehunah.
are the other three?
(b) Who was it who evoked these merits?
(c) The last of the wise men was called Memuchan, alias Haman.
Haman called 'Memuchan'?
(d) What did Rav Kahana mean when he said that from here we can learn that an
ordinary person jumps to be the first?
(a) The King sent two lots of letters (Besides those that he sent permitting
the jews to defend themselves). What was contained in ...
(b) What was it in the first letters that caused Achashverosh's subjects to
lose their respect for him? In what way was that to our advantage?
- ... the first letters?
- ... the second letters?
(c) What does Rav comment on the fact that whereas David ha'Melech's advisors
advised him to seek a girl to keep him warm, Achashverosh's advisors advised
him to send for all the girls in the kingdom?
(a) Based on the fact that, presenting Mordechai's Yichus, the Pasuk stops
short of Binyamin, how does the Tana explain ...
(b) Rav Nachman says about Mordechai 'Muchtar be'Nimuso Hayah'.
- ... "ben Ya'ir"?
- ... "ben Shim'i"?
- ... "ben Kish"?
(a) How does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi reconcile the fact that one moment
Mordechai is called "Ish Yehudi", and the next, "Ish Yemini"?
According to Rebbi Yochanan, Mordechai descended from Binyamin.
(b) The Rabbanan answer this by explaining that the families of Binyamin and
Yehudah were vying with each other for the honor of being closely associated
with Mordechai. *Binyamin* of course, were his blood relations.
claim to fame did the families of *Yehudah* have?
(c) According to Rava, it was K'nesses Yisrael who bore Yehudah and Binyamin
a grudge for the role that they played in Haman's threat against their lives.
Why did K'nesses Yisrael bear a grudge against the family of ...
(d) On what basis did they implicate Mordechai?
- ... Yehudah?
- ... Binyamin?
does the Megilah write "Ish Yehudi"?
Answers to questions