REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Megilah 17
MEGILAH 16, 17, 18, and 19 (1st day of Sukos) sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
(a) What was the age difference between Yishmael and Yitzchak?
(b) How old was Yishmael ...
(c) Based on the fact that Eisav married Machalas bas Yishmael immediately
after Ya'akov was blessed, how do we prove that Yishmael died at that stage
(giving us Ya'akov's age as being sixty-three), from the Pasuk which informs
us that Eisav married Machalas bas Yishmael *Achos Nevayos*?
- ... when he died?
- ... when Ya'akov was born?
- ... when Ya'akov was blessed?
(a) How many years elapsed ...
(b) How old would we have expected Ya'akov to be at that time?
- ... from the time that Ya'akov arrived in Charan until Yosef was born?
- ... from the time that Yosef was born until Ya'akov came down to Egypt and stood before Par'oh?
(c) What do we now prove from the fact that he told Par'oh that he was a
hundred and thirty at the time?
(a) How long after Ya'akov arrived in Charan did Eiver (the Rosh Yeshivah)
***** Hadran Alach 'Megilah Nikreis' *****
(b) Why was Yosef separated from his father for twenty-two years?
(c) But Ya'akov only spent *twenty* years in Charan, not twenty-*two*?
(d) How long did Ya'akov spend ...
- ... in Sukos?
- ... In Beis-Eil?
***** Perek 'ha'Korei es ha'Megilah' *****
(a) Someone who reads (even the chapters of) the Megilah backwards is not
The Amora'im quote four sources for this being the case by Hallel: 1.
"mi'Mizrach Shemesh ad Mevo'o" (from the sun's cycle); 2. "Zeh ha'Yom Asah
Hashem" (from the hours of the day).
How does Rava try to prove this from the Pasuk "Liheyos Osim es
Sh'nei ha'Yamim ki'Ch'savam ve'chi'Z'manam"?
(b) Why can this Pasuk not be the sole source?
(c) So we cite, as an additional source, the Pasuk "ve'ha'Yamim ha'Eileh
What do we learn from there?
(d) In which three other areas of Halachah can one not be Yotze backwards?
What are the other two?
(a) What does Rebbi learn from the Pasuk "*ve'Hayu* ha'Devarim ha'Eileh"
(with regard to the Mitzvah of reciting the Shema)?
Answers to questions
(b) From where do the Rabbanan learn that the Shema may be recited in any
(c) What ...
(d) Rebbi learns the latter Din from the superfluous 'Hey' in "ha'Devarim".
What do the Rabbanan ...
- ... does Rebbi learn from "Shema"?
- ... do the Rabbanan learn from "ve'Hayu"?
- ... learn from there?
- ... say with regard to someone who reads the Shema but does not hear what he is saying?
(a) We suggest that, according to Rebbi, the rest of the Torah can be recited
in any language (since otherwise, why would he need a Pasuk requiring the
Shema to be read in Lashon ha'Kodesh?).
The Sugya of the Amidah
What is meant by 'the rest of the
(b) On what grounds do we refute this suggestion? (i.e. Rebbi could even hold
that the rest of the Torah too, must be recited in Lashon ha'Kodesh, and
still, the Torah needs to write "va'Hayu".)
Why is that?
(c) Similarly, the Rabbanan who hold that the Shema may be recited in any
language, may well hold that the rest of the Torah too, may be recited in any
language, yet the Torah needs to write "Shema".
Why is that?
(a) Chazal derive the first three Berachos of the Amidah from the Kapitel in
Tehilim that we recite every Shabbos when the Torah is taken out (Mizmor
From which phrase do we derive the Berachah of ...
(b) What do we learn from the juxtaposition of the Pasuk in Yeshayah ...
- ... Avos?
- ... Gevuros?
- ... Kedushos?
(c) We learn the sequence of Teshuvah, Selichah and Refu'ah from the two
Pesukim in Tehilim "va'*Yashov* el Hashem vi'Yerachameihu ve'el Elokeinu Ki
Yarbeh li'*S'lo'ach*" and "ha'*Solei'ach* le'Chol Avoneichi *ha'Rofei*
le'Chol Tachalu'aichi", respectively.
- ... "*ve'Hikdishu* es Kedosh Ya'akov ... " to that of "ve'Yad'u So'ei Ru'ach *Binah*"?
- ... "u'Levavo *Yavin*, *ve'Shav* ve'Rafa Lo"?
Then why does the above Pasuk (in 2.)
place Refu'ah after Binah?
(d) Considering that the redemption appears later in the Berachos of Kibutz
Galiyos, Bonei Yerushalayim and Tzemach David, why is the Berachah of Go'eil
Yisrael placed so early in the Amidah?
(a) Why is Ge'ulah specifically the *seventh* Berachah?
(b) Considering Mar's statement that in the sixth year there will be loud
noises, in the seventh battles, and ben David will only come on Motza'ei
Shevi'is, ought it not to be the *eighth*?
(c) And why is Refu'ah specifically the *eighth* Berachah?
(a) The ninth Berachah is that of Birchas ha'Shanim, corresponding to the
'Mafki'ei She'arim', against whom David ha'Melech prayed in the *ninth*
chapter of Tehilim.
Who are the 'Mafki'ei She'arim'?
(b) Then how come that it appears in Kapitel *ten*?
(c) Birchas ha'Shanim is followed by Kibutz Galiyos because of the
juxtaposition of these two issues in the Pasuk in Yechezkel "ve'Atem Harei
Yisrael Anafchem Titnu u'Frichem Tis'u le'Ami Yisrael, ki Karvu Lamo".
do we learn from the juxtaposition of the Pesukim in Yeshayah "ve'Ashivah
Yadi Alayich ve'Etzrof ka'Bor Sigayich" and "ve'Ashivah Shoftayich
(d) It is obvious that the destruction of the Resha'im follows their
judgment. Yeshayah writes "ve'Shever Posh'im ve'Chata'im Yachdav. "Chata'im"
refers to the Resha'im.
What is meant by " ... Posh'im"? What do we learn
from there with regard to the Amidah?
(a) What automatically follows the downfall of the Resha'im?
Answers to questions
(b) What do we learn from the juxtaposition of the Pesukim in Kedoshim
"Mipnei Seivah Takum ... " and "ve'Chi Yagur Itchem Ger"?
(c) Why is the Berachah of the rise of the Tzadikim followed ...
(d) When David arrives, what inevitably arrives with him?
- ... by that of Yerushalayim?
- ... and then by es Tzemach David?