REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Megilah 24
MEGILAH 21-24 (3rd-6th days of Sukos 5760) - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann
of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for Torah and those who study it.
(a) What is ...
(b) One may normally read *three* Pesukim to a translator from the Navi.
When may one only read *one*?
- ... the minimum number of Pesukim that one may Lein per Aliyah?
- ... the maximum number of Pesukim that the Ba'al Korei may Lein from the Torah for the translator to translate?
(c) What is one permitted to do in the Navi, what one may not do in the
(a) What reason does Rav Asi give for the minimum of three Pesukim per
(b) Where (in which Navi) do three consecutive Pesukim which comprise three
different Parshiyos occur?
(a) Our Mishnah forbids jumping from one place to another in the Torah.
When in fact, is this done?
(b) Abaye attempts to reconcile this with our Mishnah by confining it to when
one does take longer than it takes for the translator to finish the
translation of the previous Pasuk.
On what grounds do we reject that
(c) How does Abaye finally reconcile the Mishnah in Yoma with our Mishnah?
(d) When is one permitted to jump even from one Seifer in Navi to another?
Under what condition?
(a) The person who generally gets Maftir receives three privileges. He is
Poreis al Shema and Davens before the Amud.
What is the third privilege
(provided he is a Kohen)?
(b) What happens if he is a Katan?
(c) A Katan is permitted to Lein both the Haftarah and in the Torah.
be Poreis al Shema, and may he Daven or Duchen?
(a) What is a Pochei'ach?
(b) Why is a Pochei'ach not permitted to Lein, to Daven before the Amud or to
(c) Is he permitted to be Poreis al Shema or to translate?
(d) According to the Tana Kama, a blind man is permitted to be Poreis al
Shema and to translate.
What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(a) Rav Papa explains that the person who Leins Maftir receives the three
privileges as a matter of Kavod.
Answers to questions
What does this mean?
(b) What reason does Rabah bar Shimi give for the privileges?
(c) What is the difference between the two answers? When will the one apply
and the other not?
(a) What makes us think that a Katan Pochei'ach might be permitted to Lein in
(b) On what grounds does Abaye rule that he is *not*?
(c) Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah forbids a blind man who has never seen, from
being Poreis al Shema.
What does he answer the Rabbanan, who ask him how he
can then permit the reading of the Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah for the Haftarah (see
Mishnah 24a.), seeing as most people cannot understand it?
(a) What is the problem with the Pasuk in Ki Savo "ve'Hayisa Memashesh
ba'Tzohorayim ... "?
(b) What happened once to Rebbi Yossi one night, that helped him to
understand the Pasuk?
(c) How do the Rabbanan use this Beraisa to explain why a a man who is born
blind can be Poreis al Shema?
(a) The Tana Kama forbids a Kohen who has blemished hands to Duchen. What
(b) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi adds a Kohen who has white blotches on his hands.
Which two malformities does the Beraisa add to that?
- ... Rebbi Yehudah add to *blemished* hands?
- ... the Tana of the Beraisa add to blemished *hands*?
(c) Why were men from Haifa, Beis Sha'an and Tiv'on disqualified from
(d) What did Rebbi retort, when Rebbi Chiya told his son Rebbi Shimon that,
if had he been a Levi, he would have been Pasul from singing because he had a
(a) Seeing as Rav Huna disqualifies a blear-eyed Kohen (who constantly sheds
tears) from Duchening, and Rebbi Yochanan, a Kohen who is blind in one eye,
how is it that Rav Huna said nothing about a blear-eyed Kohen who Duchened in
his vicinity, and neither did Rebbi Yochanan, with regard to a Kohen who was
blind in one eye and who Duchened in his vicinity?
(b) In which case does Rebbi Yehudah permit a Kohen whose hands are covered
with paint to Duchen?
(a) Why is someone who refuses to go down to the Amud to Daven with colored
clothes (or with shoes), forbidden to go down with white clothes (or
(b) What are the two reasons that the Tana forbids wearing round Tefilin?
(c) He also describes someone placing Tefilin shel Rosh or the shel Yad on
the wrong spot as Derech ha'Minus.
What is he referring to? Where does the
'Min' place his Tefilin to earn such a title?
(d) Why does the Tana call it 'Derech ha'Chitzonim' (who follow their own
minds) if one ...
- ... overlays the Tefilin with gold?
- ... places the Tefilin shel Yad on top of his sleeve?
(a) The Beraisa requires Tefilin to be square.
Answers to questions
What is the source for this?
(b) Which two ramifications does Rava extrapolate from this Halachah?
(c) Why is our Mishnah, which forbids round Tefilin because they are not a
Mitzvah, not a support for the Tana of the Beraisa?