|(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as this header and the footer at the end are included.)
8) [line 1] EIMUREI KODASHIM KALIM - the fats and other parts of the Kodshim Kalim
(a) The Eimurim are the fats and other parts of the Korban that are burned on the Mizbe'ach. They consist of: 1. the layer of fat covering the stomachs; 2. all other fat attached to the stomachs; 3. the two kidneys; 4. the fat on the kidneys; 5. The Yoseres, which is either the diaphragm (RASHI, RADAK) or a lobe of the liver (RAV HAI GA'ON) (Vayikra 3:3-4).
(b) The Eimurim of Kodashim Kalim are not subject to the prohibition of Me'ilah until the blood of the Korban has been cast on the Mizbe'ach. Once the blood has been cast, the Eimurim become the full property of "Gavoha" and are no longer the property of the owner at all, and as such are subject to the prohibition of Me'ilah (see below, entry #10).
9) [line 1] SHE'YATZ'U - that went out [of the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash, and thereby became Pasul]
10) [line] EIN MO'ALIN BAHEN - one who benefits from them does not transgress the prohibition of Me'ilah (since they became invalidated by being taken out of the Beis ha'Mikdash, and thus the Zerikah of the blood of the Korban on the Mizbe'ach does not make them subject to Me'ilah) (ME'ILAH)
(a) It is forbidden to derive personal benefit from anything that is Hekdesh, as the Torah states, "Lo Suchal le'Echol b'Sha'arecha... u'Nedarecha Asher Tidor" - "You may not eat in your settlements... and your pledges [to Hekdesh] that you will pledge" (Devarim 12:17) (RAMBAM Hilchos Me'ilah 1:1-3). The minimum amount for which one transgresses this prohibition is a Perutah's worth of benefit.
(b) If someone benefited from Hekdesh b'Mezid (intentionally), he is liable to Malkus (according to the Rabanan; according to Rebbi he is liable to Misah b'Yedei Shamayim - Sanhedrin 83a) and must pay to Hekdesh the amount that he benefited. However, the object from which he benefited remains Hekdesh.
(c) If someone benefited from Hekdesh b'Shogeg (unintentionally), the object loses its Kedushah. He must bring a Korban Me'ilah and repay Hekdesh the value of his benefit plus an additional fifth (of the ensuing total, or a quarter of the original value). This is true of any object that has Kedushas Damim (i.e. its value is consecrated to Hekdesh). An object that has Kedushas ha'Guf (i.e. an object with intrinsic Kedushah, such as the utensils used in the Beis ha'Mikdash or a live Korban that is used in the Beis ha'Mikdash "as is") does not lose its Kedushah under any circumstances (Rosh Hashanah 28a).
11) [line 5] MID'ZERIKAS PIGUL KAV'AH LA'LECHEM B'FIGUL (B'YOTZEI) K'VASAR - since the Zerikah [of the blood of the Kivsei Atzeres] performed with a thought of Pigul (see above, entry #6) causes the bread [of the Shtei ha'Lechem] to become invalid as Pigul just like the meat of the Korban (because the Lechem is considered to be part and parcel of the Kevasim, such that if the Kevasim become Pigul, the Lechem also becomes Pigul) [so, too, a Zerikah which is done she'Lo Lishmah, which is valid with regard to allowing the Korban to be offered, also serves to permit the Lechem to be eaten] (this Girsa is according to the SHITAH MEKUBETZES #1 and DIKDUKEI SOFRIM #2)
12) [line 7] L'CHUMRA AMRINAN - we say [this principle -- that the Lechem is considered part of the Kevasim] in order to be stringent (and to invalidate the Lechem as Pigul) [but we do not say this principle in order to be lenient and allow the Lechem to be eaten]
13) [line 9] D'CHI ISNAHU AVRAI - [how do you know that Rebbi Eliezer and Rebbi Akiva are arguing] in a case in which they (the Shtei ha'Lechem) are still outside [of the Beis ha'Mikdash]
14) [line 11] UV'HADAR AILINHU - and [they are arguing] in a case in which he subsequently brought them (the Shtei ha'Lechem) back into the Azarah of the Beis ha'Mikdash (Rav Papa asserts that Rebbi Eliezer and Rebbi Akiva do not argue when the Shtei ha'Lechem are still outside of the Azarah at the time of the Zerikas ha'Dam of the Kivsei Atzeres. In that case, all opinions agree that the Zerikah has no effect upon the Shtei ha'Lechem (to make a person liable for Me'ilah or liable for eating Nosar, etc.), since the Shtei ha'Lechem have become Pasul. The argument between them applies when the Shtei ha'Lechem were returned to the Azarah for the Zerikas ha'Dam)
15a) [line 21] EINAH MEVI'AH LI'YEDEI ME'ILAH - it (the Zerikah with a thought of Pigul) does not cause [the Eimurim of Kodashim Kalim; see above, entry #8] to be subject to Me'ilah (because the Zerikah is Pasul and is ineffective in making the Eimurim become the property of "Gavoha," such that they would be subject to Me'ilah)
b) [line 22] V'EINAH MOTZI'AH MI'YEDEI ME'ILAH - and it does not take [the meat of Kodshei Kodashim] out of being subject to Me'ilah (because the Zerikah is Pasul and is ineffective in making the meat become permitted to Kohanim, such that it would no longer be subject to Me'ilah)
16) [line 24] LAV ITOSAV? - but was he not already refuted?
17) [line 26] AVAD HA'LECHEM - the Shtei ha'Lechem was lost (or destroyed)
18) [line 27] SHE'LO LISHMAN - [may the Kohen perform the Zerikas ha'Dam] without proper intention [that the Kevasim serve as the Kivsei Atzeres of Shavu'os, but rather with intention that the Kevasim are ordinary, free-will Korban Shelamim, so that the meat of the Korban will be permitted to eat]
19) [line 29] PESACH KODEM CHATZOS - a Korban Pesach before midday of Erev Pesach (at which time it is not valid as a Korban Pesach, but it is valid to be brought as an ordinary Korban Shelamim)
20) [line 31] SHE'NIR'EH LISHMO V'NIDCHEH MILISHMO - that was fit to be offered Lishmo (for the sake of Kivsei Atzeres, since it was originally brought together with the Shtei ha'Lechem), but was pushed off from being brought Lishmo (since the Shtei ha'Lechem became lost)
21) [line 33] PESACH ACHAR (ZEMANO BI'SHE'AR YEMOS HA'SHANAH) [CHATZOS] - a Korban Pesach after midday of Erev Pesach (at which time it becomes fit to be brought as a Korban Pesach, but it becomes pushed off from being fit as a Korban Pesach if its allotted time passes and it is not offered, and it becomes fit to be brought as an ordinary Shelamim)
22) [line 37] V'HAREI TODAH - but there is the case of the Korban Todah, which was slaughtered Lishmo, and then became pushed from being brought as a Todah when its Lechem became broken, and which now may be brought she'Lo Lishmo as an ordinary Korban Shelamim
23) [last line] MOSHECH - he draws out
24) [last line] U'MENIFAN - and he waves them in the procedure of Tenufah (the lifting up and waving of the Shtei ha'Lechem together with the Kivsei Atzeres)