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Previous daf Menachos 58
Menachos 58 (8 Kislev) - Dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas: Shoshana Raizel bas Reb
Yisrael Leib -- Mrs. Rose Shaw -- on the third Yahrzeit of her passing, by
her son, Dr. Allen Shaw (Atlanta), and grandchildren, Sheila Jutan and
family (Atlanta) and Yisrael Shaw and family (Jerusalem).
1) [line 3] "MOTZA SEFASECHA TISHMOR V'ASISA, [KA'ASHER NADARTA LA'SH-M
ELOKECHA NEDAVAH...]" - "That which emerges from your lips you shall observe
and perform, [according to what you have vowed to HaSh-m, your G-d, an
offering, anything that you have promised with your mouth.]" (Devarim 23:24)
2) [line 13] SE'OR HUTAR MI'KELALO BA'MIKDASH - the is an exception to the
general prohibition to offer leavened products in the Mikdash (but see
MESHECH CHOCHMAH cited by YOSEF DA'AS), as the Gemara goes on to explain
3) [line 15] DEVASH HUTAR BI'SHEYAREI MENACHOS - honey or sweetness of
fruits are permitted to be mixed with the remainder of the Menachos (which
are eaten by the Kohanim)
4) [line 19] LAV SHTEI HA'LECHEM D'KARVAH NEDAVAH? - Does this not refer to
the Shtei ha'Lechem, which are permitted to be offered on a voluntary basis
(in which a Kometz of the leavened loaves will be offered on the Mizbe'ach)?
(This cannot be referring to the Shtei ha'Lechem of Shavu'os, since no part
of them were offered on the Mizbe'ach -- see SHITAH MEKUBETZES #12)
5) [line 21] LA'KAREV IMAHEM - [to refer to] that which is offered with them
(i.e. the Kivsei Atzeres, the Eimurim of which are offered on the Mizbe'ach)
6) [line 22] HA'GOZALOS SHE'AL GABEI HA'SALIM - the pigeons that were on the
baskets [as an adornment to the Bikurim fruits] (BIKURIM)
(a) The Mitzvah of Bikurim consists of bringing the first fruits to emerge
in one's field every year to the Beis ha'Mikdash. The verse states, "v'Hayah
Ki Savo El ha'Aretz... vi'Yrishtah v'Yashavta Bah... v'Lakachta me'Reishis
Kol Pri ha'Adamah..." - "And it shall be that when you come to the land...
and you inherit it and you settle in it. You shall take of the first fruits
of the land..." (Devarim 26:1-2). Each farmer enters the Azarah (courtyard)
of the Beis ha'Mikdash with his Bikurim fruit in a decorative basket. While
the basket is on his shoulder, he recites the *Mikra Bikurim*, specific
verses from Devarim (26:3, 5-10) thanking HaSh-m for taking us out of
Mitzrayim and giving us the land of Yisrael. He then places the basket of
fruit at the base of the southwestern corner of the Mizbe'ach (RAMBAM
Hilchos Bikurim 3:12) and bows down before HaSh-m. Afterwards, he gives the
Bikurim to a Kohen (Mishnah Bikurim 3:8, RAMBAM ibid. 3:1). Live pigeons
were a (voluntary) part of the adornment of the baskets of Bikurim. They
were offered as Korbenos Olah when the Bikurim were brought.
(b) The Mitzvah of Bikurim applies only to the seven species with which the
land of Eretz Yisrael was blessed (Devarim 8:8) -- wheat, barley, grapes,
figs, pomegranates, olives and dates (Bikurim 1:3, RAMBAM ibid. 2:2).
(c) Kohanim eat the Bikurim within the walls of Yerushalayim. If a person
eats them outside of Yerushalayim after the Bikurim have entered
Yerushalayim (according to the Rambam, or after the Bikurim have entered the
Azarah according to Rashi in Makos 18b), he receives Malkos. They must be
returned to, and eaten in Yerushalayim.
7) [line 23] (VEHA'SALIM SHEB'YADAM) VISHEB'YADAM NITANIN LA'KOHANIM - and
[the pigeons] in their possession [that were not intended to be an adornment
for the basket of Bikurim fruits] were given to the Kohanim
8) [line 23] L'ATER BIKURIM - to adorn the Bikurim (and were not obligatory
9) [line 25] CHATAS HA'OF
(a) The offering of the Chatas ha'Of (which is brought by a Zav and Zavah,
by a Yoledes and Metzora who are poor, and by a poor person who was Nishba
l'Sheker, or who transgressed Shevu'as ha'Edus, or was Metamei Mikdash
v'Kodashav) consists of three procedures (see, for example, Vayikra 5:8-9):
Melikah, Hazayah, and Mitzuy.
1. MELIKAH - Standing on the floor of the Azarah near the southwestern
corner of the Mizbe'ach, the Kohen cuts the back of the neck (*Orpo* -
similar to the word Arifah) of the bird with his right thumbnail. He makes
sure to cut one Siman (either the trachea or the esophagus), but not to
sever the entire neck of the bird.
(b) The Chatas ha'Of is eaten by the Kohanim, in the Azarah, on the day that
it is offered and the following night. No part of it was burned on the
Mizbe'ach ("Ein Mimenu la'Ishim").
2. HAZAYAH - The Kohen sprinkles its blood on the Mizbe'ach (directly from
the neck of the bird), below the Chut ha'Sikra (red line) that is located
halfway up the Mizbe'ach.
3. MITZUY - The Kohen presses the cut neck of the bird to the Mizbe'ach and
squeezes its remaining blood onto the Mizbe'ach.
10) [line 26] KOL SHE'MIMENU LA'ISHIM - all [Korbanos] from which [parts] of
them [are burned] on the fires [of the Mizbe'ach]
The Torah requires that certain parts of the Korbanos be offered on the
Mizbe'ach. These parts are collectively termed "Eimurim." It is prohibited
to offer any other part of the Korban on the Mizbe'ach. This Halachah is
learned from Vayikra 2:11.
11) [line 32] LOG SHEMEN SHEL METZORA - the Log of olive oil of a Metzora
See Background to Menachos 48:26
12) [line 34] "[ZEH YIHEYEH LECHA MI'KODESH HA'KODASHIM MIN HA'ESH,] KOL
KORBANAM [L'CHOL MINCHASAM ULE'CHOL CHATASAM ULE'CHOL ASHAMAM ASHER YASHIVU
LI, KODESH KODASHIM LECHA HU, ULE'VANECHA.]" - "[This will be for you
(Aharon ha'Kohen) (i.e. your portion) from the most holy sacrifices, from
the fire (i.e. after those parts that are designated to be burned on the
Mizbe'ach are burned there),] all of their offerings [all of their flour
offerings, all of their sin offerings and all of their guilt offerings that
they will return to Me, they are consecrated to you and your children.]"
13) [line 36] EIRUVO - its mixture
14) [line 3] HA'MA'ALEH MI'SE'OR UMI'DEVASH - (a) one who burns on the
Mizbe'ach a mixture of Se'or, sourdough or leavened products, and Devash,
honey or sweetness of fruits (RASHI); (a) one who burns on the Mizbe'ach
Se'or, sourdough or leavened products, and Devash, honey or sweetness of
fruits *and* a mixture of them (TOSFOS DH ha'Ma'aleh)
15) [line 6] EIN LOKIN AL LAV SHEBI'CHELALOS - one does not receive Malkus
for transgressing a "Lav shebi'Chelalos," a "general prohibition." (LAV
A Lav shebi'Chelalos is a single Lav that prohibits many different acts.
There is an argument among the Amora'im as to whether a person who
transgresses a number of the prohibitions included in a single Lav receives
a separate set of Malkus for each prohibition, one set of Malkus for
everything, or no Malkus at all (see Insights to Pesachim 41:2).
16) [last line] D'HA LO MEYACHED LAVEI K'LAV D'CHASIMAH - since it is not
similar to the prohibition of "muzzling" (LAV D'CHASIMAH)
(a) The Torah grants beasts of burden the right to eat the produce with
which they are working in certain situations (Devarim 25:4). First, the
produce must be a product of the earth.
(b) Next, if the produce is attached to the ground, it must be in the final
stages of preparation, i.e. when it is being picked. If it is already cut
from the ground, it must not have reached the final stage of preparation for
which it is normally grown, which is the time when Ma'aser (see Background
to Bava Metzia 52:3 and to Bava Metzia 87:49) or Chalah (see Background to
Bava Metzia 87:36) must be taken.
(c) If someone muzzles a bull when it is threshing grain, he violates the
commandment of "Lo Sachsom Shor b'Disho" (Devarim 25:4). This negative
commandment applies to all animals that work, subject to the stipulations