POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Menachos 30
MENACHOS 30 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in
Baltimore, Maryland, formerly of Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
1) FINISHING A "SEFER TORAH"
(a) There were extra letters in the Sefer of Agra (R. Aba's
2) THE LAST EIGHT VERSES OF THE TORAH
1. R. Aba: Genizah is required only on account of
missing letters, but not if there are extra letters.
(b) (The second teaching of Rav): One may finish a Sefer
Torah even in the middle of a Daf.
(c) Question (Beraisa): One may finish a Chumash (one of the
five Chumashim written by itself) in the middle of a Daf,
a Sefer Torah may not be finished this way;
1. Rather, one makes the lines successively shorter, in
order that they will finish at the bottom.
(d) Answer #1: Also Rav only permitted finishing a Chumash in
(e) Objection: Rav said 'Sefer Torah'!
(f) Answer: He meant, a Chumash within a full Sefer Torah.
(g) Question: But R. Yehoshua bar Aba cited Rav to say that
"L'Einei Kol Yisrael" (the last words of the Torah) may
be in the middle of the Daf!
(h) Answer: He meant, in the middle of a line.
(i) Version #1 - Rashi - (Rabanan): One may finish a Sefer
Torah (in the middle of a Daf), and even in the middle of
(j) (Rav Ashi): It is permitted only to finish in the middle
of a line (but not in the middle of the Daf).
(k) Version #2 - Shitah Mekubetzes - Rabanan): One may finish
a Sefer Torah even in the middle of a line (all the more
so, at the end of a line);
(l) (Rav Ashi): One must finish it in the middle of a line.
(End of Version #2)
(m) The Halachah follows Rav Ashi.
(a) (R. Yehoshua bar Aba): The last eight verses of the Torah
(which follow Moshe's death) are read by one person
(Rashi - b'Tzibur; Rambam - they may be read (with
Brachos) even without a Minyan).
3) THE SPACING OF THE WRITING
(b) Suggestion: This is unlike R. Shimon!
1. (Beraisa - R. Yehudah or R. Nechemyah) Question:
"Va'Yamas Sham Moshe" - Moshe could not have written
(c) Rejection: No, R. Yehoshua's law can even be like R.
Shimon - even though Moshe wrote the eight verses, since
they are different than the rest of the Torah, the law of
reading them is also different.
2. Answer: Yehoshua wrote this (and the remaining seven
3. Objection (R. Shimon): "Lako'ach Es Sefer ha'Torah
ha'Zeh" - it was called a Sefer Torah in Moshe's
lifetime, surely it was complete!
4. Answer #2 (R. Shimon): The rest of the Torah, Hash-m
dictated and Moshe repeated the verse and wrote it;
the last eight verses, Hash-m dictated and Moshe
wrote it b'Dema (with his tears; Sefas Emes - he
wrote the letters without spaces between words).
5. Similarly, Yirmeyah dictated his prophecy to Baruch
(who wrote it; Rashi - similarly, Baruch did not
repeat the verses on account of remorse) - "Mi'Piv
Yikra Elai...va'Ani Kosev".
(d) (R. Yehoshua bar Aba):One who buys a Sefer Torah did not
fulfill the Mitzvah of writing a Sefer Torah (Rashi - in
the best way; Rama - at all);
. If he wrote a Sefer Torah, it is considered as if he
received it from Sinai.
(e) (Rav Sheshes): If (even one letter of the Sefer he bought
was wrong and) he corrected it, it is considered as if he
wrote it (Tosfos - because it was forbidden to leave
around until it was corrected).
(a) (Beraisa): One can make between three and eight columns
in a parchment, not more nor less;
(b) The number of columns should be according to the width of
1. He should not make too many columns, for then (they
will be thin,) it will look like a letter;
(c) If the parchment was the proper width to write nine
columns (according to the size of the previous writing),
he should cut it as evenly as possible, i.e. to write
four columns on one piece and five on the other, not to
write three and six.
2. He should not make too few columns, for then (they
will be long,) one may come to skip to the wrong
3. It should be wide enough to write 30 letters.
(d) This does not apply to the end of the Sefer - there, he
may cut a parchment to write one verse, or for one Daf.
(e) Objection: Surely, we do not allow a parchment the size
of one verse!
(f) Correction: Rather, he may write one verse in a Daf.
(g) (In a Sefer Torah) the margins below, above and between
columns should be, respectively, a Tefach; three
Etzba'os, and two Etzba'os.
(h) In a Chumash, the margins below, above and between
columns should be three Etzba'os, two Etzba'os and a
Godel (thumb's width).
(i) (In a Sefer Torah or Chumash) the space between lines
should be the height of a line, the width of a letter
should separate between words, a hair's breadth should
separate between letters of a word.
(j) One should not make the writing smaller in order to have
the proper margins below or above or between lines or the
proper (nine) spaces between Parshiyos (when the latter
(k) If there was room for two letters at the end of the line
and a five-letter word had to be written, he may not
write two letters within the column and the other three
outside (Rashi - past the Sirtut (a line scratched to
help the scribe write in a straight line));
4) INSERTING HASH-M'S NAME
1. He may write three letters within the column and the
other two outside.
(l) Version #2 (Rashi): If a two-letter word had to be
written (and the line was finished), he may not write it
between the Dapim, rather, he writes it on the next line.
2. Version #1 (Shitah Mekubetzes): If the remaining two
letters spell a word, he must write the entire word
on the next line.
(a) (Continuation of Beraisa - R. Yehudah): If Hash-m's name
was omitted, he should Gorer (scrape off the (dried) ink
of) the word written in its place, write Hash-m's name
over it, and Toleh the erased word (write it in between
this line and the line above);
5) THE "HALACHAH" ALWAYS FOLLOWS R. SHIMON SHEZURI
(b) R. Yosi says, it is even (R. Tam - only) permitted to
Toleh Hash-m's name (R. Tam - but not to write it over an
(c) R. Yitzchak says, it is even permitted to Mochek (rub off
the ink (while it is still wet) of) the word written in
its place, write Hash-m's name over it, and Toleh the
erased word. (Tosfos - R. Yitzchak addresses R. Yehudah,
he does not allow Teliyah of Hash-m's name; Rashba - in
some texts R. Yitzchak precedes R. Yosi);
(d) R. Shimon Shezuri says, we may Toleh Hash-m's entire
name, but not part of it.
(e) R. Shimon ben Elazar says in the name of R. Meir, we may
not write Hash-m's name over any erasure nor Toleh it;
1. The entire parchment must be put in Genizah.
(f) (Rav Chananel): The Halachah is, we may Toleh Hash-m's
(g) (Rabah bar bar Chanah): The Halachah is, we write it over
(h) Question: Why didn't each of them just say 'the Halachah
follows this Tana'?
(i) Answer: That would not suffice, because some versions of
the Beraisa switch the opinions of the Tana'im.
(a) (Ravin bar Chinena): The Halachah follows R. Shimon
Shezuri - in fact, the Halachah follows him in all
(b) Question: Concerning which teaching did Ravin say this?
1. Suggestion: He said it concerning Teliyah of
(c) Answer #1: He said it concerning a Ben Paku'a (a fetus
found inside a slaughtered animal):
2. Rejection: If so, his opinion should have been
taught with those of Rav Chananel and Rabah bar bar
1. (Mishnah - R. Shimon Shezuri): Even if a Ben Paku'a
is five years old and plowing in the field, it is
permitted to eat on account of the slaughter of its
mother (even mid'Rabanan we do not require another
(d) Rejection: Ze'iri taught (concerning that Mishnah) the
Halachah follows R. Shimon Shezuri, it was not recorded
that Ze'iri and Ravin said that the Halachah follows R.
(e) Answer #2: He said it concerning the following Mishnah:
1. (Mishnah): At first, Chachamim said that if a man
being taken to his execution commanded to write a
Get to his wife, those who hear him should write
*and give* it (surely, this was his intent, to
exempt his wife from Yibum, he neglected to say 'and
give it' amidst his panic).
(f) Answer #3: Perhaps he said it concerning Demai (produce
bought from an Am ha'Aretz (one who is not trustworthy
regarding Ma'aser), it is doubtfully tithed):
2. Chachamim later said, the same applies to a man
embarking on a sea voyage or with a caravan;
3. R. Shimon Shezuri says, this applies even to a
deathly sick person.
1. (Mishnah): If a Chaver separated Terumas Ma'aser on
Demai and it became mixed with the Demai, one may
ask the seller (whether or not it was already
tithed. The seller is believed to say that it was,
so the Chaver's separation did not take effect, the
mixture may be eaten like Chulin);
(g) Rejection (of answers 2 and 3): R. Yochanan taught that
the Halachah follows R. Shimon Shezuri regarding a Get
and Demai - it was not recorded that Ravin agreed
regarding either of these.
2. He is believed even on a weekday (even though
normally, an Am ha'Aretz is only believed (to permit
eating it without any separation) only on Shabbos
(for the sake of Oneg Shabbos, since it is forbidden
to tithe on Shabbos; alternatively, because an Am
ha'Aretz is afraid to lie about this on Shabbos).
(h) Answer #4: He said it concerning beans.
1. (Beraisa - R. Yosi ben Kiper citing R. Shimon
Shezuri): If Mitzri beans were planted for the sake
of their seeds (they are considered like legumes,
Ma'aser is taken according to the year in which they
took root), and some took root before Rosh Hashanah,
some after, one cannot separate Ma'aser from beans
of one year to exempt beans of the other;
(i) Rejection: R. Shmuel bar Nachmani cited R. Yochanan to
say that the Halachah follows R. Shimon Shezuri
(regarding beans) - it was not recorded that Ravin agreed
2. Question: (If one does not know when each plant took
root) how may he tithe them?
3. Answer: He mixes them all together and separates
(the usual 10% of the total amount -we assume that
they mix uniformly, so that) the right amount of
Ma'aser from each year is taken, i.e. 10% of Yashan
(last year's beans) is taken from Yashan, and
similarly regarding Chadash.