POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Menachos 32
MENACHOS 32 - dedicated by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, and
his wife. May they be blessed with long years of health and happiness, and
may they see all of their children and grandchildren follow them in Torah
and Yir'as Shamayim!
1) THE BREAK BETWEEN THE "PARSHIYOS" IN A "MEZUZAH"
(a) Question (Beraisa - R. Shimon ben Elazar): R. Meir would
write Mezuzos on Duchsustus (parchment made from the
inner layer of hide), the shape of the writing was (long
and thin), like a column;
2) USING PARCHMENTS OF A "SEFER TORAH" OR "TEFILIN" FOR A "MEZUZAH"
1. He left a space above and below, and made the
(b) Answer: No, Rav ruled like R. Shimon ben Elazar (only)
regarding the spaces above and below.
2. R. Shimon ben Elazar: Why did you make them open
(they are closed in the Torah)!
3. R. Meir: I made them open because they are not
adjacent in the Torah.
4. (R. Chananel citing Rav): The Halachah follows R.
Shimon ben Elazar.
5. Summation of question - suggestion: The Halachah
follows him (even) regarding open Parshiyos. (Rav
Huna was a Talmid of Rav - surely, he conducted like
(c) Question: How much space must be left?
(d) Answer (Rav Menasiya bar Yakov): He must leave the size
of the clamp (to hold down the corners of the parchment).
(e) Abaye (to Rav Yosef): Don't you agree that Rav did not
rule like R. Shimon regarding open Parshiyos?!
1. Rav says that the custom prevails, and the custom is
to make the Parshiyos closed!
(f) (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): L'Chatchilah, the Parshiyos
should be made closed - R. Shimon ben Elazar teaches that
even open Parshiyos are Kosher.
2. (Rabah citing Rav): If Eliyahu will come and tell us
that we may use a Min'al (a soft shoe) for
Chalitzah, we will heed him; if he will tell us that
we may not use a Sandal (a hard shoe), we will not
heed him, for the custom is to use a Sandal;
3. (Rav Yosef citing Rav): If Eliyahu will tell us that
we may not use a Min'al, we will heed him; if he
will tell us that we may not use a Sandal (a hard
shoe), we will not heed him, for the custom is to
use a Sandal;
4. Question: What is the difference between these
5. Answer: Rav Yosef holds that (now,) a Min'al may be
used l'Chatchilah (until (and if) Eliyahu forbids
this), Rabah holds that (now) it may not be used
l'Chatchilah (until Eliyahu will permit it).
6. Conclusion: (According to both versions, Eliyahu
cannot abolish the custom to use a Sandal -) this
proves that Rav holds that that the custom prevails.
(g) Support (Beraisa): If (parchments of) a Sefer Torah or
Tefilin became worn, they may not be used for a Mezuzah,
for we do not demote something to a lower Kedushah.
1. Inference: If it was permitted to demote to a lower
Kedushah, they could be used for a Mezuzah, even
though the (first) Parshah (in a Mezuzah, Shma
Yisrael) is closed!
(h) Rejection: (In any case, we could not use both Parshiyos,
for the break between them is closed;)
1. Because we do not demote to a lower Kedushah, even
one Parshah may not be used (even if he would attach
it to the other Parshah making an open break between
2. (This is like the second explanation of Tosfos
(Rashba explains it more fully. Alternatively, we
thought that the Beraisa discusses using an entire
Parshah (it would be permitted, if not for demoting
the Kedushah), even though each of them is closed -
we reject the support, perhaps the Beraisa discusses
using one line of a Parshah.)
(a) Question: May we really infer that if it was permitted to
demote Kedushah, they could be used for a Mezuzah?!
1. (Beraisa): A tradition from Moshe from Sinai teaches
that Tefilin are written on Klaf (parchment made
from the outer layer of hide), Mezuzos are written
(b) Answer: That is l'Chatchilah (b'Diavad, a Mezuzah on Klaf
2. On Klaf, we write on the inner side (that faced the
animal's flesh), on Duchsustus, we write on the
outer side (that faced the hair).
(c) Question (Beraisa): If one deviated, it is Pasul.
(d) Answer: That refers only to writing Tefilin on Duchsustus
(but Mezuzah on Klaf is Kosher.)
(e) Question (Beraisa): If one deviated in either of these,
it is Pasul.
(f) Answer #1: This refers to writing Tefilin on the wrong
side of either parchment, i.e. on the outer side of Klaf
or on the inner side of Duchsustus. (Neither side of
Duchsustus may be used - the previous Beraisa
disqualified the outer side, one might have thought that
Tefilin are Kosher on the inner side, like we find
(g) Answer #2: Tana'im argue about writing Tefilin or Mezuzos
on the wrong kind of parchment.
3) SITTING ON A BED ON WHICH A "SEFER TORAH" RESTS
1. (Beraisa): If one deviated (wrote on the wrong kind
of parchment) in either of these (Tefilin or
Mezuzos), it is Pasul;
(h) Question: May we really infer that if it was permitted to
demote Kedushah, parchments of a Sefer Torah or Tefilin
could be used for a Mezuzah?!
2. R. Acha is Machshir.
1. Mezuzah requires Sirtut (lines scratched in the
parchment to help the scribe write straight -
Tefilin (Tosfos - and Sifrei Torah) do not require
Sirtut, therefore, normally, they do not have
(i) Answer: Tana'im argue whether or not a Mezuzah requires
2. (Rav Minyomi bar Chilkiyah citing Rav): A Mezuzah
without Sirtut is Pasul.
3. (Rav Minyamin bar Chilkiyah): A tradition from Sinai
requires Sirtut in a Mezuzah.
1. (Beraisa - R. Yirmeyah): Tefilin and Mezuzos may be
written by memory (without written parchments in
front of him), they do not require Sirtut.
(j) The Halachah is, Tefilin does not require Sirtut but
Mezuzah does; both may be written by memory.
(k) Question: What is the reason (for the second law)?
(l) Answer: People know the Parshiyos well (they will not
(a) (Rav Chelbo): I once saw that Rav Huna wanted to sit on a
bed on which a Sefer Torah was resting - he stood up a
barrel and put the Sefer Torah on it, then sat on the
4) WHERE TO PUT THE "MEZUZAH"
1. He holds that it is forbidden to sit on a bed on
which a Sefer Torah rests, he argues with Rabah bar
(b) (Rav Yehudah): If a Sefer Torah was written like an
Igeres (letter - i.e., he was not precise concerning
extra or missing letters; Rashi - alternatively, without
Sirtut), it is Pasul.
2. (Rabah bar bar Chanah): It is permitted to sit on a
bed on which a Sefer Torah rests;
i. Perhaps you will ask from the episode in which
R. Elazar realized that he was sitting on a bed
on which a Sefer Torah rests - he sat on the
floor and was grieved like one bitten by a
ii. That is wrong -- the case was, he realized that
the Sefer Torah was on the floor!
(c) Question: What is the reason?
(d) Answer: We learn a Gezerah Shavah "Kesivah-Kesivah" from
Sefer (Torah; alternatively, from Sefer Kerisus (Get);
Tosfos - from Megilas Sotah).
(a) (Rav Yehudah): If one hung a Mezuzah from a stick, it is
(b) Question: What is the reason?
(c) Answer: It must be '*Bi*'Sh'arecha' (*on* your gate),
(d) Support (Beraisa): If one hung a Mezuzah from a stick or
affixed it in back of the door, this is dangerous (Tosfos
- one might bang his head on it; Rashi - he is not
guarded from Mazikim, because) he does not fulfill the
1. The household of Melech Munvaz would take Mezuzos
with them when they traveled; they would hang a
Mezuzah in the doorway of the inn (even though they
were exempt) as a remembrance of the Mitzvah.
(e) (Rav Yehudah): The Mezuzah should be affixed in the
hollow of the entrance.
(f) Objection: This is obvious, it says "Uvi'Sh'arecha'"!
(g) Answer: Rava taught, the Mezuzah should be affixed in the
Tefach closest to Reshus ha'Rabim;
1. One might have thought, the further from the house
the better, it should be entirely outside the
entranceway - Rav Yehudah teaches, this is not so.