POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Menachos 36
MENACHOS 36 - dedicated by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, and
his wife. May they be blessed with long years of health and happiness, and
may they see all of their children and grandchildren follow them in Torah
and Yir'as Shamayim!
1) INTERRUPTING BETWEEN THE TWO "TEFILIN"
(a) Version #1 - Rashi - (Rav Chisda): If one talked in
between the two Tefilin (i.e. after putting on Shel Yad
before putting on Shel Rosh), he must make another
blessing ('Al Mitzvas Tefilin' on Shel Rosh).
2) WHEN DOES THE "MITZVAH" APPLY?
(b) Question: But R. Chiya brei d'Rav Huna taught that
(normally) 'Lehani'ach Tefilin' is made on Shel Yad, and
'Al Mitzvas Tefilin' on Shel Rosh!
(c) Answer (Abaye and Rava): No, that is when he talked in
between - if he did not talk, he only blesses on Shel
(d) Version #2 - R. Tam - (Rav Chisda): If one talked in
between the two Tefilin, he must repeat the blessing
('Lehani'ach Tefilin'; he also blesses 'Al Mitzvas
Tefilin', which we always make on Shel Rosh).
(e) Question: But R. Chiya brei d'Rav Huna taught that
'Lehani'ach Tefilin' is made on Shel Yad, and (only) 'Al
Mitzvas Tefilin' on Shel Rosh!
(f) Answer (Abaye and Rava): That is when he did not talk in
between - if he talked, he makes two blessings on Shel
Rosh. (End of Version #2)
(g) (Beraisa): If one talked in between the two Tefilin, this
is an Aveirah which disqualifies him from fighting in
war. (Tosfos - because he caused an unnecessary blessing;
Rashi explains, he is disqualified if he did not repeat
the blessing, for then he fulfilled the Mitzvah of head
Tefilin without a blessing).
(h) (Beraisa): One puts on Shel Yad before Shel Rosh; when
removing them, he removes Shel Rosh before Shel Yad.
(i) Question: We understand the first law - "U'Kshartam l'Os
Al Yadecha (and then) v'Hayu l'Totafos Bein Einecha";
1. Why he must he remove Shel Rosh first?
(j) Answer (Rabah): "*V'Hayu* (plural) l'Totafos Bein
Einecha" - whenever Tefilin are on the head, he is
(a) (Beraisa): One blesses on Tefilin from the (earliest
normal) time to wear them (when it is light enough to
recognize an acquaintance four Amos away, even if he had
to wear them earlier, as we explain):
1. If someone had to start traveling early, and for the
safety of the Tefilin he must wear them, he wears
them; when the proper time comes he touches them and
(b) Question: Until when is it permitted to wear Tefilin?
(c) Answer #1: It is permitted until sundown.
(d) Answer #2 (R. Yakov): It is permitted until people cease
to walk outside.
(e) Answer #3 (Chachamim): It is permitted until the time
people normally go to sleep.
1. Chachamim and R. Yakov agree (with the first Tana)
that if one removed his Tefilin, he may not put it
on again after sundown (Rashi - because the Mitzvah
of Tefilin does not apply at night; Tosfos - it
applies at night, but Chachamim decreed against
putting on Tefilin at night).
(f) Version #1 (Rav Nachman): The Halachah follows R. Yakov.
1. Rav Chisda and Rabah bar Rav Huna wore Tefilin
during prayer at night.
(g) Version #2 (Rav Nachman): The Halachah does not follow R.
(h) Question: But Rav Chisda and Rabah (bar Rav Huna) wore
Tefilin during prayer at night!
(i) Answer: They argue with Rav Nachman.
(j) Question: Rabah does not permit wearing Tefilin at night!
1. (Rabah bar Rav Huna): When it is doubtfully night,
one need not remove Tefilin, nor may one put them
(k) Answer: Rabah's teaching refers to Erev Shabbos.
2. Inference: When it is definitely night, one must
(l) Question: What is his opinion regarding when the Mitzvah
1. If he holds that the Mitzvah applies at night, he
should also say that it applies on Shabbos;
(m) Answer: Rabah holds like R. Akiva, who learns from
another source that the Mitzvah does not apply on
2. If he holds that the Mitzvah does not apply on
Shabbos, he should also say that it does not apply
3. This is because the same source (that a Tana uses)
to exclude Shabbos excludes night.
4. (Beraisa - R. Yosi ha'Galili): (After the Mitzvah of
Tefilin it says) "V'Shamarta Es ha'Chukah ha'Zos
l'Mo'adah mi'Yamim Yamimah" - 'Yamim' excludes
nights, "*mi*'Yamim" excludes some days, i.e.
Shabbos and Yom Tov.
5. R. Akiva says, the 'Chok' referred to is Pesach
(which was discussed before Tefilin).
1. (Beraisa - R. Akiva): Suggestion: Perhaps a person
should wear Tefilin on Shabbos and Yom Tov!
(n) (R. Elazar): One who wears Tefilin at night transgresses
2. Rejection: "V'Hayah l'Os Al Yadcha..." - the Mitzvah
only applies on days when Yisrael needs a sign of
their closeness to Hash-m, not Shabbos or Yom Tov,
which are themselves signs.
(o) (R. Yochanan): He transgresses a Lav.
(p) Suggestion: They argue about R. Avin's law.
1. (R. Avin): Wherever it says "Hishamer", "Pen" or
"Al", this is a Lav.
(q) Rejection: No, both hold like R. Avin:
2. R. Yochanan holds like R. Avin, R. Elazar does not.
1. R. Elazar holds that when it says "Hishamer"
regarding a Lav, this is a Lav, "Hishamer" regarding
an Ase is an Ase;
(r) (R. Elazar): It is permitted to wear Tefilin at night in
order to guard them.
2. R. Yochanan holds that in both cases it is a Lav.
(s) Ravina: I saw Rav Ashi put on (Shitah Mekubetzes -
wearing) Tefilin at night; I asked if this was in order
to guard them, he said 'Yes';
1. I could tell that it really wasn't in order to guard
them, he holds that the Halachah permits this, but
we do not say this to one who asks.
(t) (Rabah bar Rav Huna): One must constantly touch Tefilin
(when he wears them), we learn from a Kal V'Chomer from
1. The Tzitz has Hash-m's name on it only once, yet the
Torah says "V'Hayah Al Mitzcho Tamid", the Kohen
Gadol may not cease to think about it;
2. Hash-m's name is written 21 times in each Tefilah,
all the more so he must constantly be aware of them!