POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Menachos 61
MENACHOS 61 - has been sponsored through a generous gift from Eli
Rosengarten of Zurich, Switzerland, and family.
1) WHY WE DO NOT EXPOUND DIFFERENTLY (cont.)
(a) Question: Why do we include other Menachos and exclude
2) WHICH "KORBANOS" REQUIRE "TENUFAH"
(b) Answer: It is more reasonable that other Menachos have
Hagashah, for they come on account of themselves, but
Minchas Nesachim is on account of a Korban.
(c) Suggestion: Minchas Kohanim and Chavitim come on account
of themselves, perhaps Hagashah applies to them!
(d) Rejection: "V'Higishah" (these and not others.)
(e) Question: This is needed for the simple meaning, to teach
(f) Answer: It could have said "V'Higish" - since it says
"V'Higishah", we also expound it to exclude.
(g) Question: Why do we include other Menachos and exclude
Minchas Kohanim and Chavitim ?
(h) Answer: It is more reasonable that other Menachos have
Hagashah, for they are partially Huktar, partially eaten
and come on account of themselves;
1. We exclude Shtei ha'Lechem and Lechem ha'Panim,
which are totally eaten, Minchas Nesachim, which is
on account of a Korban, and Minchas Kohanim and
Chavitim, which are Kalil.
(i) Suggestion: "V'Herim" (Vayikra 2:9, regarding Marcheshes)
- perhaps Kemitzah is taken with a Kli!
(j) Rejection: "V'Herim Mimenu b'Kumtzo" - it is taken with
(a) (Mishnah): The following require Tenufah, they do not
3) "TENUFAH" OF "BIKURIM"
1. The Log of oil and the Asham of a Metzora;
(b) Tenufah is (even Kosher) in the east (part of the
Azarah), Hagashah is in the west.
2. Bikurim, according to R. Eliezer ben Yakov;
3. The Eimurim, chest and foreleg of a (regular)
Shelamim, whether brought by a man or woman;
i. This applies to Yisrael, not to others (this
will be explained.)
4. Shtei ha'Lechem and the two Kivsei Atzeres;
i. The two loaves are put on top of the lambs, he
puts his hands underneath;
ii. He waves them outward and back to himself, up
and down - "Asher Hunaf va'Asher Huram".
(c) Tenufah is done before Hagashah.
(d) The Omer and Minchas Kena'os require Hagashah and
(e) Lechem ha'Panim and Minchas Nesachim do not require
Hagashah nor Tenufah.
(f) R. Shimon says, there are three Korbanos and three
Mitzvos, exactly two Mitzvos apply to each of the
1. A regular Shelamim has Semichah mi'Chayim (while the
Korban is alive) and Tenufah after slaughter, but
not Tenufah mi'Chayim;
(g) (Gemara - Beraisa): "V'Hikriv Oso l'Asham v'Es Log
ha'Shemen v'Henif Osam Tenufah" - this teaches that they
are waved together;
2. Shalmei Tzibur has Tenufah mi'Chayim and after
slaughter, but not Semichah;
3. Asham Metzora has Semichah and Tenufah mi'Chayim,
but not after slaughter.
1. Question: What is the source that if they were waved
individually, he fulfilled his obligation?
(h) "Lifnei Hash-m" - in the east.
2. Answer: "V'Hikriv Oso l'Asham v'Henif (singular)".
3. Suggestion: Perhaps they are waved together, and
then they are waved individually!
4. Rejection: "Tenufah (singular)" - not Tenufos.
(i) Question: Regarding Hagashah, we expounded "Lifnei
Hash-m" - in the west!
(j) Answer: That refers to Menachos, which are equated to
1. Shirei Dam Chatas must be thrown (in Penei
ha'Mizbe'ach (the south), and) over the Yesod - the
southeast corner has no Yesod, so it must be in the
2. Regarding Tenufah, (the entire Azarah,) even the
east is Lifnei Hash-m.
(a) (Mishnah): Bikurim (requires Tenufah), according to R.
Eliezer ben Yakov.
(b) Question: What is R. Eliezer ben Yakov's teaching about
(c) Answer (Beraisa - R. Eliezer ben Yakov): "V'Lakach
ha'Kohen" - this teaches that Bikurim require Tenufah.
(d) Question: How does he learn this?
(e) Answer: He learns from a Gezerah Shavah "Yad-Yad" from
1. It says here "V'Lakach ha'Kohen ha'Tene mi'Yadecha",
it says regarding Shelamim "Yadav Tevi'enah";
2. Just like the Kohen does Tenufah of Bikurim, also
(f) Question: Why did the Mishnah say that Bikurim requires
Tenufah according to R. Eliezer ben Yakov - R. Yehudah
also says this!
3. Just like the owner does Tenufah of Shelamim, also
4. Question: How do we fulfill both of these?
5. Answer: The Kohen puts his hand under the owner's
hands and they wave together.
1. (Beraisa - R. Yehudah): "V'Hinachto" - this refers
(g) Answer #1 (Rava): The Mishnah cites R. Eliezer ben Yakov,
for he learns from the beginning of the verse.
2. Question: Perhaps it really refers to Hanachah!
3. Rejection: "V'Hinicho" already teaches about
Hanachah, "V'Hinachto" must refer to Tenufah.
(h) Answer #2 (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): It cites him, for
he is a great Chacham, the Halachah always follows him.
(i) (Mishnah): The Eimurim, chest and foreleg of a (regular)
Shelamim, whether brought by a man or woman (require
Tenufah); this applies to Yisrael, not to others.
(j) Question: What does this mean?
(k) Answer (Rav Yehudah): The Korban requires Tenufah,
whether brought by a man or woman;
1. Only male Yisraelim do Tenufah with the Kohen, not
(l) (Beraisa #1): Benei Yisrael do Tenufah, not Nochrim, and
(m) R. Yosi says, regarding Semichah, the Torah distinguishes
between Korbanos of Yisrael (they require Semichah) and
those of Nochrim and women (they are exempt);
1. Suggestion: Perhaps it also distinguishes regarding
(n) (Beraisa #2): "Benei Yisrael" - this teaches that
Korbanos of Benei (i.e. native) Yisraelim require
2. Rejection: No - it distinguishes regarding Semichah,
for the owner himself must Somech;
i. The Kohen does Tenufah (albeit with the owner,
when possible), therefore it does not depend on
3. Question: If so, why does it say "Benei Yisrael"?
4. Answer: Benei Yisrael do Tenufah, Benos Yisrael do
1. Question: What is the source for Korbanos of
converts and freed slaves?
2. Answer: "Ha'Makriv" (anyone who offers.)
3. Suggestion: Perhaps this teaches that only the one
(the Kohen) who offers the Chelev does Tenufah!
4. Rejection: "Yadav Tevi'enah" - this teaches that the
owner does Tenufah;
5. Question: How do we fulfill both verses?
6. Answer: The Kohen puts his hands under the owner's
and they wave together.