POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Menachos 99
MENACHOS 96-99 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs.
Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the fourth Yahrzeit of her father, Reb
Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner), who passed away 18 Teves 5760. May the
merit of supporting and advancing Talmud study during the week of his
Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.
1) WHICH WAY THE TABLES FACED (cont.)
(a) Answer (to all the questions): Rather, the 10 Shulchanos
were in two rows of five.
2) FORGETTING LEARNING
(b) (We are thinking that Moshe's Shulchan was like a row by
itself in between the rows.) According to R. Elazar, the
Shulchanos were north-south, they fit in the 10 Amos of
(c) Question: But according to Rebbi, they were east-west, we
must allow (at least) two and a half Amos of space on
each side of each of the three rows; (Tosfos - a Beraisa
teaches that the Shulchan was this far from the wall;
Rashi - two Kohanim holding old or new Lechem ha'Panim
must be able to pass through, we see from the Aron that
two and a half Amos are needed for two people (98B).
(Note: Really, the Gemara there only said that *more than
one and a half* are needed! (See our discussion there.)
Perhaps Rashi means, we learn from the Aron that it is
*proper* to allow two and a half Amos for two people to
walk side by side.)
1. The width of the leftmost tables extends (at least)
10 and a half Amos from the northern wall (seven and
a half Amos for three spaces, and three Amos for the
width of the tables in three rows) - half of each of
these tables is in the south!
(d) Answer: Moshe's Shulchan was not like a row by itself in
between the rows, rather, it was slightly above (i.e.
west) of them (Rashi - the Mikdash sloped up towards the
Kodesh ha'Kodoshim), they were like Talmidim in front of
(e) (Beraisa): Shlomo made 10 Shulchanos, Sidur (arrangement
of Lechem ha'Panim) was only on Moshe's Shulchan - "V'Es
ha'Shulchan Asher Alav Lechem ha'Panim Zahav";
1. Shlomo made 10 Menoros, Hadlakah was only in Moshe's
- "U'Menoras ha'Zahav v'Neroseha Leva'er ba'Erev".
(f) R. Eliezer ben Shamu'a says, they alternated, Sidur was
on each of them (sometimes) - "V'Es ha'Shulchanos
va'Aleihem Lechem ha'Panim";
1. Each Menorah was used (sometimes) for Hadlakah - "Es
ha'Menoros v'Neroseihem Leva'aram ka'Mishpat".
(g) R. Yosi b'Rebbi Yehudah says, Sidur was only on Moshe's
1. "V'Es ha'Shulchanos va'Aleihem Lechem ha'Panim"
refers to three Shulchanos - Moshe's, and two in the
Ulam near the entrance to the Heichal;
(h) Question: What is the source that we do not descend (in
2. One table in the Ulam was of silver, Lechem ha'Panim
was put on it before being brought into the Heichal.
(Rashi - it was of marble, which *looks* a bit like
silver - this reconciles our Beraisa with the
Mishnah (Amud B), which says that it was of marble.
Alternatively, Tana'im argue about this. Some texts
say 'silver' also in the Mishnah - see Tosfos, Amud
3. The other was of gold, the Lechem was put on it
after it was removed from the Heichal (until
4. It was put on gold last because we ascend in
Kedushah, we do not descend.
5. The Shulchan in the Heichal was (covered with) gold,
Lechem ha'Panim was always on it.
(i) Answer (Rebbi): "Va'Yakem Moshe Es ha'Mishkan...va'Yakem
Es Amudav". (Since the verse begins with ascension, it
ends with ascension. Alternatively, since Moshe started,
no one else could help (for they were less Kodesh.)
Alternatively, "Mishkan" refers to the curtains - he
spread them (in the air, the boards were not yet up to
hold them) and held them up until everything was
(j) Question: What is the source that we ascend?
(k) Answer (Rav Acha bar Yakov): "Es Machtos
ha'Chata'im...Tzipuy la'Mizbe'ach" - Korach's
congregation were Makdish incense pans to serve the
Mizbe'ach, they later became (a covering, i.e.) part of
the Mizbe'ach itself.
(a) (Rav Yosef): "Asher Shibarta V'Samtam ba'Aron" - this
teaches that the broken Luchos (Tablets) were put in the
Aron with the (second, intact) Luchos;
1. This teaches that if a Chacham forgot his learning
on account of Ones, we do not act disgracefully to
(b) (Reish Lakish): Sometimes Bitul Torah (e.g. interrupting
learning in order to perform Mitzvos) is the very
foundation of Torah;
3) "AVODAS LECHEM HA'PANIM"
1. "*Asher* Shibarta" - Hash-m blessed Moshe's with
'Yishur' (increased) strength because he broke the
Luchos. (And because he broke them, Hash-m gave new
(c) (Reish Lakish): If a Chacham sinned greatly, we do not
publicly disgrace (Maharsha - excommunicate) him -
"V'Chashalta ha'Yom v'Chashal Gam Navi Imcha Laylah"
(cover up for him, like night.)
(d) (Reish Lakish): One (Shitah Mekubetzes - a Chacham) who
forgets something he learned transgresses a Lav -
"Hishamer Lecha u'Shmor Nafshecha Me'od Pen Tishkach Es
(e) This is like R. Avin:
1. (R. Avin): Wherever it says "Hishamer", "Pen" or
"Al", this is a Lav.
(f) (Ravina): It says here "Hishamer" *and* "Pen", there are
(g) (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): He transgresses three Lavim -
it also says "U'Shmor Nafshecha Me'od".
(h) Suggestion: Perhaps he transgresses even if he forgot on
account of Ones! (Iyun Yakov -forgetting learning is
considered like Mezid (Avos 4:12!)
(i) Rejection: "U'Fen Yasuru mi'Lvavecha" - he is liable only
if he removes them from his heart (Tosfos Yom Tov (Avos
3:8) - he does not review his learning.)
(j) Suggestion (R. Dostai b'Rebbi Yanai): Perhaps he
transgresses even if his learning was too great (Aruch -
difficult) for him to remember (R. Gershom - because he
could not understand it!)
(k) Rejection: "Rak" (this excludes that case.)
(l) (R. Yochanan and R. Elazar): The Torah was given (to
Moshe on Sinai) in 40 days, the Neshamah is put into a
fetus on day 40 (from conception) - only a Neshamah that
guards the Torah will be guarded.
(m) (Tana d'vei R. Yishmael): This is a parable to someone
who entrusted his slave with a wild bird and told him,
'If you lose it, don't think that I will demand only
money, I will take your life!'
(a) There were two Shulchanos in the Ulam near the entrance
to the Heichal, one was of marble, the other of gold;
4) THE "MITZVAH" OF LEARNING TORAH
(b) Lechem ha'Panim was put on the marble table before being
brought into the Heichal (to show that we ascend in
Kedushah; alternatively, if the carriers wanted to rest),
it was put on the gold table after it was removed from
the Heichal because we ascend in Kedushah, we do not
(c) The Shulchan in the Heichal was (covered with) gold,
Lechem ha'Panim was always on it.
(d) Four Kohanim enter, two of them carry piles of Lechem
(each has one pile), two carry Bazichei Levonah;
(e) Four Kohanim enter before them, two to remove the old
Lechem, two to remove the old Bazichim.
(f) The ones bringing (bread and Levonah) stand to the north
of the Shulchan and face south, those removing stand to
the south and face north.
(g) As the removers pull the old bread off the Shulchan,
those opposite them put the new bread on the Shulchan,
immediately filling the void, to fulfill "Lefanai Tamid".
(h) R. Yosi says, even if the latter put the new bread on
after the old bread is totally off the Shulchan, this
(i) The removed bread was put on the gold table in the Ulam
and left there until Haktaras ha'Bazichim, then it was
divided among the Kohanim;
(j) When Yom Kipur is on Shabbos, the Lechem ha'Panim is
divided among the Kohanim after nightfall.
(k) (Only one Zevach of Yom Kipur, the (outer) Se'ir Chatas,
is eaten (at night).) When Yom Kipur is on Erev Shabbos,
it cannot be cooked during the day (Yom Kipur) or at
night (Shabbos), Kohanim Bavliyim would eat it raw, for
this did not bother them.
(l) (Gemara - Beraisa - R. Yosi): Even if the old bread was
removed in the morning and the new bread was not put on
until Aravis (afternoon - Tosefta 11:7), this is fine;
1. Question: What do we learn from "Tamid"?
2. Answer: This teaches that the Shulchan cannot be
without bread for (Keren Orah - even part of) the
(a) (R. Ami): We learn from R. Yosi that even if a person
learned only one Perek each morning and evening, he
fulfilled the Mitzvah "Lo Yamush Sefer ha'Torah ha'Zeh
(b) (R. Yochanan): Even if a person said only Kri'as Shma
morning and evening, he fulfilled "Lo Yamush";
1. It is forbidden to tell this to an ignoramus (lest
he will think that there is no need for his son to
learn more than this.)
(c) (Rava): It is a Mitzvah to tell this to an ignoramus! (He
will realize that if even Kri'as Shma has a great reward,
all the more so learning all day! Alternatively - he will
understand that if Rabanan learn all day even though they
could exempt themselves with only Kri'as Shma, there must
be a great reward for learning. Maharsha - this will
inspire him to zealously fulfill the Mitzvah of Kri'as
(d) Question (Ben Dama, R. Yishmael's nephew): May someone
like me, who learned the entire Torah, learn Chachmas
Yevanis (wisdom of the Yevanim; some explain, a special
(e) Answer (R. Yishmael): "Lo Yamush Sefer ha'Torah ha'Zeh
mi'Picha v'Hagisa Bo Yomam va'Laylah" - (you must learn
Torah day and night,) if you find a time that is neither
day nor night, at that time you may learn Chachmas
(f) This is unlike R. Shmuel bar Nachmani.
1. (R. Shmuel bar Nachmani): "Lo Yamush..." is not an
obligation or Mitzvah, it is merely a blessing;
(g) Hash-m saw that Torah was very dear to Yehoshua -
"U'Msharaso Yehoshua Lo Yamish mi'Toch ha'Ohel (he would
never cease learning)", therefore he blessed him "Lo
Yamush..." (that Torah would not cease from his mouth.)
(h) (Tana d'vei R. Yishmael): Do not consider Torah to be a
Chovah (that you seek to be exempt from), for you will
never be exempt. (Alternatively - do not engage only in
Torah (rather, *also* earn money), nor are you exempt
from learning. Alternatively, do not think that you are
obligated to learn all of Torah, nor are you exempt from