REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf MENACHOS 49
(a) Rabah bar bar Chanah cited a Beraisa 'Kivsei Atzeres she'Shachtu le'Shem Eilim, Kesheirim, ve'Lo Alu le'Ba'alim le'Leshem Chovah'. Which owner is the Tana referring to?
(b) What did Rav comment on the Beraisa, when he heard it from Rabah bar bar Chanah?
(c) How did Rav Chisda qualify Rav's ruling? What must the Kohen have had in mind for the Tzibur to be Yotzei?
(d) Why will Rav concede that if the Kohen also Shechted them as rams, the Tzibur is not Yotzei?
(a) Rabah disagrees with Rav Chisda. What does he say?
(b) Rava queries Rabah from a Beraisa, which declares Chayav, Kohanim who were Mefagel (rendered Pigul) a Korban intentionally. What is the case? What does the Chiyuv entail?
(c) What can we extrapolate from the Beraisa regarding Shogeg? What does the Beraisa add to the original ruling regarding the Pigul taking effect?
(d) What is now Rava's Kashya on Rabah?
(a) On what grounds do we dismiss the suggestion that the Tana (in the inference) is speaking in a case where the Kohen knew that it was a Chatas, but performed the Avodah le'Shem Shelamim?
(b) How does Abaye accept the previous suggestion after all? Why is it not so impossible after all?
(a) What does Rebbi Shimon in a Beraisa say about all Menachos whose Kemitzah was taken she'Lo li'Sheman, such as 'Machavas le'Shem Marcheshes' or 'Chareivah le'Shem Belulah'?
(b) What is the difference between a Minchas Marcheshes and a Minchas Machavas?
(c) What does Chareivah refer to?
(d) In what way are Zevachim different?
(a) What makes Rebbi Zeira think that the Beraisa cannot be speaking when the Kohen knew that it was a Machavas and performed the Avodah le'Shem Marcheshes?
(b) So how is the Beraisa speaking?
(c) What does he therefore extrapolate from the Beraisa? How does this pose a Kashya on Rabah?
(d) Abaye establishes the Beraisa when the Kohen knew that it was a Machavas and performed the Avodah le'Shem Marcheshes, because Rava (who asks the original Kashya on Rabah) follows his own reasoning. What did Rava say to explain Rebbi Shimon in the Beraisa?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about the Musafin ...
1. ... and the Temidin being Me'akev each other?
2. ... being Me'akev each other?
(b) According to the Tana Kama, they must bring the Tamid shel bein ha'Arbayim, even if they did not bring the Tamid shel Shachar, and the same applies to the Ketores, if they did not bring it (the half-Manah) in the morning. What does Rebbi Shimon say with regard to ...
1. ... the Tamid shel bein ha'Arbayim?
2. ... the Ketores shel bein ha'Arbayim?
(c) What does our Mishnah say about the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav, the Mizbe'ach ha'Olah, the Shulchan and the Menorah. With what does one inaugurate ...
1. ... the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav?
2. ... the Mizbe'ach ha'Olah?
3. ... the Shulchan?
4. ... the Menorah?
(a) Rebbi Chiya bar Avin asked Rav Chisda which has priority, the Temidin or the Musafin (if only one is available). This does not refer to the Temidin and the Musafin of that day, because that would be a case of 'Tadir u'Mekudash'. Certainly, the Tamid is more Tadir than the Musaf, but what does 'Mekudash' mean?
(b) So what is the case? What are the two sides of the She'eilah?
(a) Rav Chisda replied by citing our Mishnah 'ha'Temidin Ein Me'akvin es ha'Musafin ve'ha'Musafin Ein Me'akvin es ha'Musafin'. The Tana cannot be speaking when both are available on that day, and it is a matter of which comes first, due to a D'rashah of Rava. What did Rava learn from the Pasuk in Tzav "ha'Olah"? What does it prove?
(b) Neither can the Tana be speaking about when there only sufficient animals for one or the other on that day, as we explained a little earlier. So he must be speaking when they tomorrow's Temidin and today's Musafin. What does Rav Chisda prove from there?
(c) Abaye refutes the proof by establishing the case when the Temidin and the Musafin of that day are both available, like we suggested at first. How does he reconcile this with "ha'Olah", 'Olah Rishonah'.
Answers to questions49b----------------------49b
(a) We query Rav Chisda again from another Beraisa. What is the minimum number of Tela'im Mevukarin that the Tana requires in the Lishkas ha'Tela'im, when Rosh Hashanah falls on Thursday and Friday? What are 'Tela'im ha'Mevukarin'?
(b) How many lambs that would be needed for the Musafin of two days Rosh Hashanah followed by Shabbos?
(c) So how do we establish the Beraisa?
(d) What does this prove?
(e) Why might we have otherwise thought that one brings all six lambs for the Temidin and the Musaf of Shabbos?
(a) We refute this proof however, by establishing the author of the Beraisa as ben Bag-Bag. What does ben Bag-Bag learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Tishmeru" (in Pinchas, in connection with the Korban Tamid) from "Ve'hayah Lachem le'Mishmeres a Arba'ah-Asar Yom" (in Bo, in connection with the Korban Pesach)?
(b) How do we now establish the Beraisa itself? What is the Tana coming to teach us?
(c) Why does the Beraisa no longer have any bearing on the She'eilah? Why could it now be speaking even when there are sufficient lambs for the Temidin as well as for the Musafin?
(a) Ravina asked Rav Ashi why the Beraisa requires only six lambs and not seven, one for the Sunday after. Why only seven? Why not the lambs for Sunday afternoon, Monday and Tuesday?
(b) Rav Ashi asked Ravina why he did not refer to an eighth lamb, namely that of Friday afternoon. What is the significance of Friday afternoon here?
(c) How do we refute Rav Ashi's Kashya?
(a) The Kashya from seven lambs however, remains, causing us to retract from the original text. How do we therefore re-interpret the Beraisa? How does this differ from the previous explanation?
What is then the significance of the two days of Rosh Hashanah and Shabbos?
(c) How do we prove this explanation from the Lashon of the Beraisa itself ('Ein Pochsin ... 'Kedei le'Shabbos ve'li'Shenei Yamim-Tovim shel Rosh Hashanah')?
(a) Practically speaking then, assuming the Beis Hamikdash will be inaugurated on a Wednesday, when will they begin inspecting the first two lambs (for the Korban Tamid) for blemishes?
(b) Come Wednesday morning, there will be eight lambs in the Lishkas ha'Tela'im. What happens then on that day, in this regard?
(c) Why did the Chachamim fix specifically six Tela'im?
Answers to questions