POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by R. Yakov Blinder
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Moed Katan 14
MOED KATAN 14, 15 - anonymously dedicated my an Ohev Torah and Marbitz
Torah in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
*****Perek #3 V'ELU MEGALCHIN*****
1) MISHNAH - SHAVING AND LAUNDERING ON C.H.
(a) Exceptions to the rule that shaving is forbidden on C.H.
2) GEMARA - REASON FOR NOT SHAVING AND LAUNDERING ON C.H.
1. One who arrives from a trip abroad during C.H.
(b) Exceptions to the rule that laundering is forbidden on
2. One who is released from imprisonment (or captivity)
3. One who is released from a Cherem during C.H.
4. One who has a vow (not to shave) annulled during C.H.
5. A Nazir who must perform the shaving ritual of
6. A healed Metzora who must perform the shaving ritual
of Vayikra 14:8.
1-3. Identical to 1-3 of section (a)
4. One who has a vow (not to launder) annulled during
5. Napkins (Rashi/Rif).
6. Cloths used for haircuts (alternate explanation: for
covering Sifrei Kodesh. Tos. 18b).
8. Tamei people (whose clothes are also Tamei) who have
(a) Question: Why are shaving and laundering on C.H.
forbidden in the first place? (It should have been
permitted because it is one of the needs of the holiday -
3) OTHER EXTENUATING CIRCUMSTANCES
(b) Answer: It is so that people should be extra careful not
to neglect doing these things, making themselves clean
and tidy, before the holiday begins.
(a) The Mishnah mentioned a list of several extenuating
circumstances of people who could not possibly have
shaved or laundered before the holiday. Question (by R.
Zeira): What about a different extenuating circumstance:
Someone lost an object and spent the entire Erev Yom Tov
looking for it?
4) CLARIFICATION OF MISHNAH'S STATEMENT IN 1:a:1
(b) Answer: This case is certainly forbidden, because people
who see him cutting his hair or laundering during C.H.
will not necessary know he has a good excuse. (Whereas
the cases in the Mishnah are more known to the public.)
(c) Question: R. Yochanan said that if someone has only one
robe he may wash it on C.H. Here, too, people might not
know he has a good excuse.
(d) Answer: They can tell by the way the man is dressed that
he doesn't have another robe.
(e) Alternate version of R. Zeira's question: If the town
barber loses an object on Erev Yom Tov and, since
everyone goes to the barber on Erev Yom Tov, everyone in
town knows about his situation, can he shave and launder
during C.H.? No answer is given.
(a) A Beraisa states the opinion of R. Yehudah that disagrees
with the Mishnah's (1:a:1) leniency for someone who has
just returned from a trip abroad. He says that since the
trip was undertaken voluntarily it is not a good excuse.
5) A HAIRCUT FOR A NEWBORN
(b) Rava's clarification of the issues: It it was a pleasure
trip that he went on, all agree that it is forbidden to
shave and launder upon his return. If it was an
absolutely necessary business trip (to make a living) all
agree it is permitted to shave and launder. The argument
is when the trip was for an unnecessary business trip (to
make more money than one needs for a living) - the
Mishnah permits it and R. Yehudah forbids it.
(c) A Beraisa is quoted which seems to say that all three
cases described by Rava (pleasure, necessary business,
extra business) are subjects of argument between R.
Yehudah and Chachamim.
(d) The Beraisa is reinterpreted to say the same thing that
(a) Shmuel's statement: It is permitted to give a haircut to
a baby born on C.H., because it comes under "One who is
released from imprisonment during C.H." (1:a:2).
(b) Implication: If the baby was born before Yom Tov the
haircut is forbidden.
(c) Question: A Beraisa makes the following equation: All the
exceptions our Mishnah lists for C.H. apply to a mourner
as well. The Gemara assumes that the converse is also
true: Anyone who is NOT permitted to shave during C.H. is
not permitted to shave during mourning. Applying this
converse principle to 5:b, we come out with the law that
a newborn who is in mourning may not have his hair cut.
This contradicts a Beraisa that states that mourning
rituals are not observed by small children (except the
ripping of the clothing).
(d) Answer: Our assumption (in 5:c) that the converse of the
Beraisa's statement is also true was a mistake. In other
words, there are people who are not permitted to shave
during C.H., but may shave during mourning.
6) A MOURNER, A MENUDEH (EXCOMMUNICATED PERSON) AND A METZORA ON HOLIDAYS
(e) Alternate version of Shmuel's statement: A newborn may be
given a haircut on C.H., whether he was born before or
during the holiday. According to this version the
Question of 5:c turns into a proof, and the Answer of 5:d
turns into a refutation of the proof.
(a) Mourning is not observed during a holiday, because the
general requirement of joyfulness overrides the
individual's requirement of mourning.
(b) Are the laws of Menudeh observed on the holiday?
1. A proof is brought from a Beraisa that they are
observed. The Beraisa says that on C.H. Beis Din may
judge cases involving monetary matters, Malkos and
capital punishment. This must include not only the
discussion and decision of the cases, but also the
implementation of punishment (in the case of
monetary matters the punishment is Niduy), for in
the case of capital punishment it is forbidden to
leave a condemned criminal unpunished for even one
(c) Are the laws of Metzora observed on the holiday?
i. Question: How is it possible to execute someone
on C.H.? There is a Beraisa that requires the
judges to fast on a day when they condemn
someone to execution, and fasting is forbidden
ii. Answer: The condemnation can be left until the
end of the day, and only the last few moments
of the day need be spent in fasting.
1. Attempted proof: The Mishnah permits shaving and
laundering for a Metzora who has become purified
during C.H. The implication is that if he did not
become purified he may not shave or launder.
2. Rejection: The Mishnah could mean that EVEN a Metzora
who has become purified during C.H. may shave and
launder (although one might have thought that it
might lead to the Metzora purposely delaying his
purification ritual until the holiday) - and it goes
without saying that a Metzora who is not purified
may also shave and launder.
3. Proof: A Kohen Gadol must observe the rules of
Metzora, and every day is a Moed for a Kohen Gadol.
Hence, a Metzora must observe his rules on C.H.