REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Moed Katan 13
MOED KATAN 13 - sponsored by Yeshayahu (Jason) Schmidt (originally of West
Hempstead, N.Y.), a talmid of Rabbi Kornfeld.
(a) If someone deliberately postpones for Chol-ha'Mo'ed, a job that he could
have accomplished before Yom-Tov, Beis-Din will confiscate it. Rebbi
Yirmiyah asked Rebbi Zeira whether this fine extends to his children, should
the perpetrator die before the fine has been paid.
Why might this fine
*not* do so, despite the fact that the fine that Chazal imposed on ...
(b) Independent of the two above cases, what are the two sides to our
She'eilah? Why might the fine extend to the culprit's son, and why might it
- ... a Kohen for chipping off part of the ear of his animal Bechor *does*?
- ... someone who sold his slave to a Nochri *does*?
(c) We resolve our She'eilah from a statement made by Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi
Chanina (with regard to someone who fertilized his field in the
Sh'mitah-year and died).
What did Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina say there?
(a) Is the prohibition of fertilizing one's field in the Sh'mitah an Isur
d'Oraysa or de'Rabbanan?
(b) If someone rendered his fellow-Jew's food Tamei, Chazal obligated him to
pay. Why is his son Patur from paying if his father died before he had a
chance to do so?
(a) For which two reasons is one permitted to purchase a house, a slave or
an animal on Chol ha'Mo'ed?
(b) Rava asked Rav Nachman whether one may also hire a worker on the sole
basis of his having nothing to eat for Yom-Tov.
How do we try to prove
that one may, from the Lashon of our Mishnah 'O le'Tzorech ha'Mocher she'Ein
Lo Mah Yochal'?
(c) On what grounds do we reject this proof?
(d) How does Abaye resolve the She'eilah from the Beraisa concerning writing
documents of debt on Chol ha'Mo'ed, which is basically forbidden? What does
the Beraisa say?
(a) On what grounds does the Beraisa in Pesachim permit the following
craftsmen to work on Erev Pesach until mid-day ...
(b) Based on the obvious inference regarding other Melachos, what does Rav
Sheishes ask from here on Abaye, who permits (in 3d.) writing documents on
Chol ha'Mo'ed if the Sofer has nothing to eat for Yom-Tov?
- ... tailors?
- ... barbers and laundrymen?
(c) What do Rav Papa and Ravina respectively, ask on Rav Sheishes regarding
(d) What principle does Rav Ashi teach us that differentiates between the
Isur of Chol ha'Mo'ed and that of Erev Pesach, and that answers Rav Sheishes
Kashya (in 4b.)?
- ... the Melachah of building on Erev Pesach?
- ... a Sofer on Erev Pesach?
(a) One may not transport vessels from one house to another on Chol
What does the Tana of our Mishnah permit in this regard?
(b) One may not bring home vessels from the repair-man on Chol ha'Mo'ed
(assuming that one does not need them for Yom -Tov).
What does one do if
he does not trust the repairman (whom he fears will charge him for the work
a second time)?
(c) Is one permitted to transport vessels from a house in one Chatzer to
(a) What did Rav Papa answer, when Rava tested his Talmidim and asked them
how our Mishnah can forbid bringing home one's vessels from the repair-man,
when another Beraisa expressly permits it?
Answers to questions
(b) How do we initially try to establish even the Beraisa which permits it
on Chol ha'Mo'ed?
(a) Why does the Tana of the Beraisa permit fetching a jar from the pottery
and a cup from the glass-blower, but not wool from the dyer or vessels from
(b) The Tana permits paying the repair-man for his work if he doesn't have
what to eat for Yom-Tov, but he must leave the vessels by him. We have
already learned in our Mishnah that, if he does not trust him, he may take
the vessels to a third Chatzer.
What if he is afraid that they may get
stolen from there?
(c) In the second answer (at the end of Amud 1) we established even the
Beraisa which permits bringing vessels from the repair-man, on Chol
What is the problem with this (from another Halachah mentioned
in the Beraisa)?
(d) How do we deal with this Kashya?
(a) The Tana Kama permits covering drying figs with straw. Rebbi Yehudah is
even more lenient.
What does he say?
(b) Sellers of fruit, clothes and vessels may sell what is required for
Yom-Tov, but they must do so discreetly.
Why is that?
(c) The Tana Kama permits hunters and wheat and bean-threshers to do their
work discreetly on Chol ha'Mo'ed.
What does Rebbi Yossi say?
(a) Two interpretations of 'Mechapin' (Tana Kama) and of 'Me'avin' (Rebbi
Yehudah) are quoted in the name of Rebbi Yochanan and Chizkiyah.
'Me'avin' mean, if 'Mechapin' means ...
(b) Which opinion is borne out by a Beraisa?
- ... to cover them thinly?
- ... to cover them even with a thick covering?
(a) Rebbi Yossi says that the hunters and wheat and bean-threshers were
strict with themselves. In light of the Tana Kama's statement, what are the
two ways of understanding Rebbi Yossi?
(b) We resolve this She'eilah from the words of Rebbi Yossi himself in
What does he say there (about the merchants of Teverya,
the hunters of Acco and the wheat-grinders of Tzipori)?
(a) Abaye (in connection with the wheat-grinders of our Mishnah and the
Beraisa) explains that 'Chilka' means breaking the wheat kernel into two,
'Targis', into three, and Tisni, 'into' four.
How does Rav Dimi interpret
(b) What is the problem with Rav Dimi from the Beraisa which rules that
Chilka, Targis and Tisni are all subject to Tum'ah anywhere? What does
(c) We answer that the Beraisa speaks when the spelt was peeled.
(d) The Beraisa says that someone who makes a Neder not to eat 'Dagan', is
forbidden to eat dry Egyptian beans, but is permitted to eat wet ones. He is
also permitted to eat rice, Chilka, Targis and Tisni.
- ... answer the Kashya?
- ... explain why it is called Chilka?
Why is this a Kashya
on Rav Dimi?
(a) Rav Huna permitted spice-merchants to sell spices as usual.
***** Hadran Alach Mi she'Hafach *****
How do we
reconcile this with the Beraisa, which restricts selling publicly to the
last day of Chol ha'Mo'ed, when it is permitted because of the forthcoming
(b) How does a store that opens on to a colonnade differ from one that opens
on to the street? What restrictions apply to the former but not to the
***** Perek ve'Eilu Megalchin *****
(a) Someone who arrives from overseas, a captive or a prisoner who were
set-free, are all permitted to shave on Chol ha'Mo'ed. Apart from a Nazir
and a Metzora who are becoming Tahor, to which other two cases does this
Answers to questions
(b) Apart from the previous Halachah, what do the following five have in
common: Someone who arrives from overseas, a captive or a prisoner who were
set-free, and someone who had his Cherem or his Neder released on Chol
(c) May one wash hand and bath-towels and barbers' cloths on Chol ha'Mo'ed?
(d) What do Zavin, Zavos, Nidos and Yoldos have in common regarding the Din
of Chol ha'Mo'ed? Who else does the Tana incorporate in this list?